How good was the East German army

Military, ratio of MfS to the

As part of her tasks to secure the workforce, the property and the combat technology, she had to fend off espionage and sabotage in the NVA and in the border troops, to ensure the protection of secrets, to investigate serious military crimes and special incidents as well as security checksSecurity check
Procedure for assessing the "security policy" suitability of persons to whom significant ...
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The MfSMinistry of State Security
The Ministry for State Security (colloquially often short "Stasi") was political ...
Read glossary entry also dealt with the internal condition of the troops, their discipline and order, as well as the political reliability of members of the armed forces, especially the officer corps. In this context, it influenced the selection and qualification of personnel, among other things, and supplemented the official and party discipline and monitoring system in the army.

Main Department I was responsible for the GDR armed forces in the MfSMain Department I
Responsible for overseeing the Ministry of National Defense and the subordinate ...
Read glossary entry (HA I), which was officially named "Verwa ltung 2000" in the organizational structure of the NVA. Unlike in the People's Republic of Poland, for example, the military defense was not subordinate to the Ministry of Defense, but to the Ministry of State Security. The so-called liaison officersLiaison officer
Intelligence officer who is responsible for cooperation with other institutions ...
Read glossary entry (VO), colloquially known as "Vau-Nuller", were known in the army units and maintained close official connections with the commanders as well as with the party and political organs.

The "military chekists", as they liked to call themselves, had access to all positions in their area of ​​responsibility and were allowed, among other things, to order members of the army for discussions and interrogations without the commander's prior consent. On the other hand, certain orders, instructions and orders from the NVA also applied to them.

At the end of the 1980s, there were more than 2,000 full-time employees with a total workforce of around 170,000Full-time employee
The full-time employees of the Ministry for State Security formed the personnel base ...
Read the glossary entry and around 12,500 unofficial employeesUnofficial employee
Unofficial staff were the main tool of the Ministry of State Security ...
Read glossary entry of the MfS active in the GDR armed forces. The material security of the HAIMain Department I
Responsible for overseeing the Ministry of National Defense and the subordinate ...
Read glossary entry (service rooms, vehicles, armament and equipment as well as apartments) was taken over by the Ministry of National Defense (MfNV). The NVA also supported the military training of the Stasi, especially its guard regimentGuard regiment
The guard regiment of the MfS founded on 01.01.1951 as "Wachbataillon A", which has been the ...
Read the glossary entry "Feliks Dzierżyński".

Since the 1960s, various agreements in principle on cooperation and cooperation between the two ministries have contributed to regulating the tasks, duties and rights of the MfS in the NVA. A coordination of the activity was necessary especially with the military reconnaissance, since both the MfNV with the administration (later area) reconnaissanceAdministration / Enlightenment area of ​​the MfNV
In addition to the MfS, there was another under different names from July 1952 to 1990 ...
Read the glossary entry as well as the head office clearing upHeadquarters A
Espionage department of the MfS, the name of which is based on that of the espionage department of the KGB, 1 ....
Read the glossary entry of the MfS had been entrusted with tasks in this area.

There was also a special relationship between the MfS and the military border security organs of the GDR. The MfS temporarily exercised direct command over the German border policeBorder police
The border police in the Soviet occupation zone / GDR were on the orders of the Soviet occupying forces on December 1st, 1946 in ...
Read glossary entry from May 1952 to July 1953 and from April 1955 to March 1957. After the border police were detached from the Ministry of the Interior in 1961 and assigned to the NVA as border troops, the MfS was not only subordinated to the intelligence agencies of the border troops, but also the passport controls at the border crossing points and the espionage in the immediate border "enemy area" transferred.

Close cooperation between the two ministries was agreed during a period of tension and in the state of defense. The MfS had the task of uncovering surprise military attacks against the GDR in good time, as well as ensuring military mobilization and ensuring the freedom of movement of the united armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. It was also responsible for interning, isolating and monitoring politically unreliable GDR citizens and foreigners.

The cooperation and cooperation between the MfS and the military, which were also repeatedly called for by both sides, were not free from frictions and tensions. This was not least due to the ambivalent relationship between the two longstanding ministers, Erich MielkeMielke, Erich
28.12.1907 - 21.05.2000
Read glossary entry and Heinz Hoffmann at. Both were considered valid and power-conscious personalities. Her profile addiction and personal vanities led to disputes over competence, especially in the 1960s.

Ultimately, however, Mielke had an advantage over the defense minister. Often before Hoffmann, he not only had all the crucial information from the military sector, but he was also able to ensure that matters of his ministry were dealt with directly with the SED General Secretary to the exclusion of the other armed organs. The activity and mode of operation of the MfS within the armed forces deliberately escaped the control of the military management levels and thus guaranteed the party a channel of command and reporting that was independent of the military apparatus.

A certain competitive behavior set in due to the different rank hierarchies, the prestige thinking on both sides and the exaggerated conspiracyconspiracy
Basic principle of the intelligence and secret police work of the MfS, which ...
The State Security sometimes continues reading the glossary entry on the lower levels. Quite a few NVA officers felt that they were being patronized by the MfS staff and that their official responsibilities were being overlooked. During their activity in the armed forces, the members of the MfS were exclusively subject to the authority of the Minister for State Security to give orders, instructions and discipline and were neither subordinate to nor accountable to the commanders of the NVA.

The NVA leadership did not monitor the activities of the State Security in the military units. It was also by no means "comradely" when members of the army were induced to commit crimes or serious misconduct by, for example, having to obtain secret NVA documents for the MfS or spying on their own comrades (often with far-reaching consequences for those affected). In this respect, the work of the MfS was partly responsible for a climate of fear and mutual distrust in the troops.