Grow Bonsai Trees Miniature Bonsai Fruits

Small trees with a big impact Maintain and cultivate bonsai

In principle, a bonsai can be grown from almost any higher plant. Normal root development is restricted by a smaller pot. The growth in size will decrease over time and the leaves will stay smaller. The selected tree species should develop a trunk that is as thick and woody as possible and leaves, needles or expected fruits should not be too large by nature.

DIY bonsai or real bonsai?

Bonsais are now available in every garden center. However, these are often not real bonsai trees. An original is a total work of art, a tree with no visible interfaces that looks as if it grew in nature. The bowl should be about as deep as the trunk is wide. Real bonsai have a design concept, such as the strictly upright shape (Chokkan), the windswept shape (Fukinagashi), the broom shape (Hokidachi) or the root shape (Neagari) and many others. Cheap bonsai lacks such styles.

Suitable plants for bonsai

Plants with small leaves or needles are particularly good bonsai. Deciduous trees such as birch or conifers such as larches are well suited and very inexpensive to get. A five-fingered bush (Potentilla fruticosa) is also ideal, the bush can be raised to a mini-tree and, with a little luck, even blooms. It is nice that it looks ancient even at a young age due to its peeled-off shoots. But bonsai can also be made from oak, beech, spruce or false cypress trees. The Japanese maple is better suited than the native one because it develops small leaves. When growing from domestic plants, the beginner learns a lot about the cultivation of bonsai.

Beginners should not cultivate their first bonsai in the beautiful flat bowls, but rather in normal flower pots. These offer the plant a little more soil and thus water storage options. The substrate should not differ from the usual one in the shallow bowl. After a year it can be repotted. Only when that works is it worth buying expensive splendid copies.

Cultivate bonsai in the room and in the garden

If there are bonsai trees in the room, they need a lot of light and must not dry out. Almost all bonsai trees that are sold in garden centers can also grow in the garden. The bonsai expert Dieter Arndt from Bad Pyrmont recommends taking the trees out of the bowl and completely removing the clay. The tree should then be placed in a larger bucket with bonsai soil and watered regularly.

Water bonsai properly

Because the trees are in bowls that are much too small, the roots have no chance of tapping water reserves. In typical bonsai pots, the roots sit right at the bottom of the container base. If too much water is poured and the water cannot drain off well, waterlogging occurs immediately. The tree won't survive this.

Bonsai pots should therefore always stand in such a way that water can drain away unhindered. The trees should be watered daily until excess water drips out of the bottom of the pot. At the same time, oxygen is drawn into the earth. If you have the opportunity, you should water with lime-free rainwater. But boiled and stale water is also recommended. The irrigation water should be lukewarm. Especially in summer, the bonsai can get a temperature shock from ice-cold water from the tap. This weakens the plant and makes it more susceptible to disease. If possible, the leaves should also not be wet for too long, otherwise fungal diseases could develop. The best watering times are in the morning and in the evening.