Was Hitler planning to invade the United States?

Sept 1st

1940, no. 17th

Socialist communications

News for German Socialists in England

This news-letter is published for the information of Social Democratic
refugees from Germany who are opposing dictatorship of any kind.

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After a year

The first year of the war is drawing to a close, and they are right, who have predicted a long and difficult struggle, which will not be confined to one theater of war, but which will affect all of Europe and, beyond that, the whole world. They were right who recognized after the Hitler-Stalin Pact that the world war had broken out between dictatorship and democracy and that it was about victory or the annihilation of one or the other.

The first twelve months brought undeniable initial successes to the dictatorships. While in Poland and the Balkans Stalin only pocketed the booty thrown by Hitler and in the campaign against Finland proved nothing but the dubiousness of the Red Army and the perniciousness of the neutrality policy of small states, Hitler survived three campaigns with success: the one against Poland in September 1939, the one against Scandinavia in the spring of 1940 and the one against Holland, Belgium and France in the summer of that year. He has proven the dangerousness of the Nazi army and even more the dangers of the Nazi disintegration policy, he has taught a terrible lesson to those who did not take his threats seriously and who believed his promises, and he has kept everything that the warners of Prophesied to the world for years, and what could only have been prevented if they had been listened to.

For more than two months the British empire has been fighting the global threat on its own, Great Britain defends itself with heroic tenacity against the onslaught of Nazi pilots and is resolutely preparing for the possibility of an attempted invasion, while-

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rend the British colonies in Africa and the Middle East are exposed to the attack of the Italians who managed to invade British Somaliland.

Summer is drawing to a close, and every day it becomes less likely that Hitler will be able to strike the decisive blow on England before the autumn storms set in. The anticipated conflicts on the continent did not fail to materialize and it will take some effort to quickly overcome the unrest in the Balkans, which is particularly acute in the hostilities between Romania and Hungary and in the tension between Italy and Greece. Whether new conflicts are looming in the Far East in the meantime and whether developments in America will not lead to a change in the overall situation, these are questions that can be asked today but not yet answered.

One may assume that the transfer of the British-owned Bermuda Islands off the Panama Canal to the United States was just as much a step towards closer cooperation between the British Empire and America as the negotiations between Canada and the USA on joint defense measures .[1]

In the meantime, day after day the Nazi airmen appear over the cities of Great Britain with explosive and incendiary bombs, fire cannons from the French coast at Dover, and at the same time the British planes penetrate deep into German territory every night, and the British ones Guns return the cannonade on the Channel coast. We all have the opportunity to admire the composure and determination of the British people at this time of greatest danger and grave struggle, and if some hasty measures were taken in the first few days, we now see how the sense of reason and justice that is alive in this country, is documented more and more convincingly and that the more serious the struggle, the greater the awareness that the cause of humanity is being fought here.

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New rules for the release of internees

On August 22nd, in the last session of the House of Commons before its fortnightly summer recess, a parliamentary debate took place on the internment of "hostile aliens", in which a number of MPs, notably Josiah Wedgwood of the Labor Party, Major Cazalet[2] from the Conservatives and Sir Richard Acland from the Liberals, vigorously advocated the interned refugees. Home Secretary Sir John Anderson issued a statement admitting that "stupidity, misunderstanding and carelessness of subordinate officials" had created unintended hardships and promised that if the grievances persist, they will be swiftly directed should be overcome. Contrary to the criticism made by the above-mentioned MPs, Sir John Anderson insisted that the general internment of "enemy aliens" was a measure that had become necessary at the time of the Nazi attacks on Holland and Belgium, which was carried out on the advice of the military authorities and continued for so long the risk of invasion persists, cannot be eliminated, but can only be mitigated. Lord Winterton, the former chairman of the Evian Committee, also took this point of view, citing that even among the Jews and refugees there were people who had advised the detention measures. Sir John Anderson announced a new white paper on release options that would soften and expand the provisions of the first white paper. Undersecretary Peake made an additional statement on the management of the internment camps, in which he announced that the post office would be speeded up, the Sutton Park and Prees Heath camps dismantled, and that the Isle of Man internees would find employment opportunities . He expressed the hope that as a result of the acceleration of emigration to America (caused by the impossibility to emigrate directly from Germany)


Think of the internees!

Donations accepted: Room 62, Bloomsbury House, London WC1, International Solidarity Fund.

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and the possibility that internees report to the engineer corps, most internees will have left the camps "within the next 12 months".

In the meantime, the announced new white book has been published, which once again contains the 18 categories of the first white book in an often modified form and a new category for political refugees. The modification of the first 18 categories consists in the fact that the maximum age for internees is reduced to 65 years and the minimum age is increased to 18 years, and further that for internees who have important positions in the economy, not only the previous employment, but also the possibility of taking on a new job after internment is being considered.

The wording of the new Category 19 is: "Any person (may be released) reported by a tribunal appointed for this purpose by the Home Secretary is known enough of their past to prove by their writings or speeches or political or official activities, has for years taken a public and outstanding part in the opposition to the Nazi system and is actively friendly to the cause of the Allies. " (An application for release should provide enough details of the applicant's history to show that he is a person falling under the category. The application is forwarded to the tribunal, which, after studying all available information, advises the Home Secretary Whether the applicant is eligible for release.) In his statement in the House of Commons, Sir John Anderson made two important statements: In response to a question, he replied that advocates of the world communist revolution do not fall under the category and that "leaders of political refugee groups "by the Tribunal, if it deems it appropriate, to be asked for advice.

So far nothing is known about the composition of the tribunal and when it will meet.

The new white paper also states that "B" cases, which correspond to the provisions of the categories

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can be released, but they will only be examined by the Advisory Committee and their release can only take place if they have been checked as a "C" by the Advisory Committee (which at the time of the internment of the "B" cases only checked a quarter of them) be classified. As soon as possible, all "B" cases, even if they do not initially fall under any category of those to be released, should be reviewed by the Advisory Committee so that, if possible, the "stigma" of the "B" class is removed from them.

Finally, in the new white paper it is announced that a tribunal will also be set up for the interned Italians, which has to decide their release according to the categories. This tribunal is chaired by Sir Percy Loraine[3], the former British ambassador to Rome.

Interned in Canada and Australia

In order to complete and correct the information in the last number of our "Notices", we state that the addresses of internees who were shipped to Canada or Australia are, according to official information, as follows:

Canada: c.o. Director of Interment Operations,
Base Army Post Office, OTTAWA, Canada.

Australia: c.o. Prisoners of War Department,
MELBOURNE, Australia.

In the meantime, in most cases, confirmations have already been received that the internees shipped to Canada have arrived there. The transport of internees to Australia passed Cape Town in mid-August and should have arrived in Australia within these days.

There were no new overseas transports of internees. The Australian government has drawn the British attention to the fact that among the internees sent to Australia there are many who had previously applied for entry into Australia and whose applications had been rejected by the Australian government. In the lower house, the Minister of the Interior promised that release under the categories should also be made possible for those shipped overseas.

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There has still not been a decision on the question of forwarding women and children.

How to apply for release

The new white paper (which bears the characters Cmd. 6223 and can be obtained for ld from HM Stationery Office, York House, Kingsway, London W2) again shows that in all cases in which the former or future employer ( in the case of workers in refugee organizations, the relevant committee) has to submit the application, the internee applies the application himself and to: The Under Secretary of State, Aliens Department, PO Box 100, Paddington District Office, London W2. It was expressly pointed out in Parliament that a large number of different applications for one and the same internee is disadvantageous and that applications for internees who do not fall under any of the previously announced categories are to be refrained from, since such applications will necessarily be rejected and the Stop working from home office. A discharge for health reasons can only be applied for by the camp doctor and, as experience shows, usually takes place within a few days.

In the last few days, sick people and people over 65 years of age have been continuously released from internment camps, while experience shows that releases according to other categories take longer.

All requests for release must include the internee's name and date of birth, his pre-internment address and the address he will move to when he is released, and, if possible, his home office number.

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Where is your contribution to the internees?

Issued by the London Representative of the German Social Demo-
cratic party, 33, Fernside Avenue, London NW 7.

Editorial notes

1 - The US delivered 50 American destroyers to the British fleet in 1940; In return, Great Britain undertook to cede the US fleet and aircraft base in Bermuda, among others.
Roosevelt's negotiations with Canada concerned the "common defense of the western hemisphere". On August 18, 1940 it was decided to form a joint defense council.

2 - Victor Alexander Cazalet (1896-1943), Conservative MP since 1924.

3 - Percy Lyham Loraine (1880-1961), last of his missions abroad from 1939 to 1940, Ambassador to Italy, 1940-1945 Chairman of the Home Office Advisory Committee on Italian Internees.

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