Is it a bad job to be a teacher?

The reader question

I recently read that the mother of one of the candidates for the Jungle camps should no longer work as a teacher. Reason: She was probably on sick leave and still accompanied her daughter to this event in Australia. Apart from the fact that I find this a very strange action for a teacher, I ask myself: What do teachers have to get into debt in order to lose their official status?

The answer

When appointing a civil servant for life, the employee (i.e. the teacher) and the employer (e.g. the Free State of Bavaria) enter into something like a pact: the civil servant offers loyalty, in return he does not have to worry about his financial livelihood for a lifetime do. Whether this is a sensible model is another topic and would go beyond the scope of this column. One thing is certain: a civil servant teacher can afford a lot before losing his status.

As a guideline for the schools and especially their leaders, the Bavarian Ministry of Education has compiled a compilation under the heading "Disciplinary Law". The sequence of possible disciplinary measures against teachers is therefore as follows:

  • In the case of minor offenses, the school management can reference pronounce or a fine collect or decide that part of the teacher's remuneration will be withheld once.
  • A more serious offense is also a permanent one Reduction of salaries conceivable. This can only be imposed by the public prosecutor.
  • The maximum penalties are those Transfer to a lower office - in the case of teachers, for example, the senior student council would become a student council again - which is also associated with fines, and finally the Removal from the civil service possible. Both can only be achieved by the public prosecutor's office through a disciplinary action.

The question remains when teachers can be prosecuted at all. In the private sector one would assume that the same applies to teaching: if you do your job badly, you fly! It looks different with teachers who have been appointed for life. The Ministry of Culture writes the funny sentence: "Inability is not a breach of duty." However, every civil servant is obliged to "endeavor to properly perform their duties, i.e. to acquire the knowledge and skills that are necessary but lacking. The civil servant is particularly obliged to seek professional advice and to implement the assistance (instructions) given by his superiors, as far as this is possible for him ".

In short: if you only do bad lessons, you will hardly have to fear for your job in the long term. If only because it is not that easy to prove that it is legally valid.