What is Jat Population in India


The Yat or Jats are a people or an ethnic group in northwest India (mainly in the Punjab including Haryana) and in parts of Pakistan.[1] Today they are followers of various religions (Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam), but the veneration of the ancestors is still an essential element of their world of ideas and beliefs; In addition, for a long time they rejected secular and religious authorities and also the caste system because they felt excluded from it as "casteless" and thus ultimately as "untouchables".

Table of Contents


The people of the Jats are traced back by most researchers to pre-Aryan, sometimes also to Scythian equestrian and nomadic tribes, which in the course of the 2nd and 1st millennium BC. BC penetrated into the southern Indus valley, gradually settled down there and practiced agriculture. The oldest written reports about the Jats come from Arab authors of the 8th century AD, who met this people during the Islamic conquest of Sindh. Some tribal groups of the Jats who remained nomadic migrated from the 11th to the 16th century along the rivers of the Five Rivers to today's India and populated large parts of the Punjab (including Haryana) as well as smaller areas in Rajasthan and in the west of today's federal states, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. During this time they too settled down, outwardly adopted the beliefs of the dominant religion and developed into landowners up to maharajas (e.g. in Deeg or Bharatpur); other Jat groups led a gang-like and predatory life along the caravan routes and within or near the cities. There were repeated rebellions of the Jats in the 17th century (the uprising of 1669 was directed against the religious policy as well as against the overall centralistic and thus restrictive administration by the great mogul Aurangzeb[2]) and in the first decades of the 18th century MaharajaJai Singh II led several campaigns against them; on the other hand, members of the Jats served in his army.[3]

Population shares

In 2012 the numbered Hindustan Times India's Jat population is 82.5 million, but there are also significantly lower numbers (see table[4]).

regionJat population
Jat population
Share in the Jat people
Punjab (incl. Haryana)6.068.30222.709.755approx. 73.0%
Rajasthan1.043.1533.651.036approx. 12.0%
Uttar Pradesh810.1142.845.244approx. 9.2%
Jammu and Kashmir148.993581.477approx. 2.0%
Balochistan93.726369.365approx. 1.2%
Bombay54.362216.139approx. 0.7%
Delhi53.271187.072approx. 0.6%
Ajmer-Marwar29.992104.972approx. 0.3%

Social status

A uniform social status of the Jats within Indian or Pakistani society cannot be determined because they have completely different professions and activities and thus have different reputations among the population. The British recognized the warlike potential of many Jats and classified them as Martial Race one and set up an infantry regiment, which was taken over by the Indian army and is highly regarded. Jats also serve in the Punjab regiments of the Pakistani army. The Jats also include influential politicians such as the 6th Prime Minister of India Chaudhary Charan Singh, who ruled for only six months. Pakistani Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar, who was in office from 2011 to 2013, also comes from a Jat family, which, however, had risen to become influential landowners centuries ago.

Many jats in India also feel disadvantaged and oppressed in the late 20th and early 21st centuries; they require a classification as Other Backward Class (OBC) or Scheduled Castewhereby they would benefit from an already existing quota system for employment in the public service and in the economy. On February 20, 2016, insurgent Jats blocked and destroyed all traffic connections and parts of the Munak Canal, which supplies the capital Delhi with drinking water, in the state of Haryana, which was formerly part of the Punjab. The army was deployed to secure the hydraulic structure; there were dead and wounded.[5] Thousands of commuters and travelers were stuck in train stations and streets for days. The insurgents destroyed private and public property on a large scale - in the city of Rohtak, the riots turned into social unrest, because primarily businesses and companies belonging to non-Jats were attacked and some were set on fire.[6]


Web links


  1. ↑ The following is a summary of the English WP article 'Jat people' and the article 'Jats' on Jatland Wiki
  2. Jat uprising of 1669 - Jatland Wiki
  3. Jats in the 17th and 18th centuries
  4. ↑ Abbreviated table from the article 'Jats' on Jatland Wiki
  5. Jat protests 2016
  6. Jat riots in Rohtak 2016

Categories:Ethnicity in India | Ethnic group in Pakistan

Status of information: 11/23/2020 11:18:14 AM CET

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