How can I improve my reading skills?
Quick Read: Harry Potter in 47 Minutes
4265 words per minute are world champion level: The Englishwoman Anne Jones, six times World champion in fast reading, in 2007 the book "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows"in just 47 minutes have read. "That is absolutely professional level. But even if we have ours Increase reading speed only by a third, that brings an enormous amount and increases our desire to read, "says Petra Lehner, who teaches people read faster. "But that doesn't mean to read superficially. Because you have to grasp the meaning of the text, otherwise the speed would be counterproductive."
Lehner reads himself an average of three, in weddings seven books a week, purely professional literature. "On vacation I read a lot more because there is also what interests me privately," she says. The 53-year-old was a professional musician in the Vienna Orchestra for many years. She had to sign up for a teaching position acquire a lot of knowledge within a very short time and read the relevant literature.
That was the beginning of her preoccupation with High speed reading and brain research. She read "Photoreading" by Paul R. Scheele and continued her education in seminars. After a few years, she developed her own method, system reading, which helps people with exercises and tools in workshops and online courses Improve reading skills.
For example, with this exercise, which promises to increase rapidly: "Take a book, start a stopwatch and read a page. When it has taken you a minute and then read the same page again, but read a little faster this time, set." You set the stopwatch to 45 seconds, "explains Lehner. The whole thing is repeated once more, then the duration is about 30 seconds. "If you go to another page and read it, this time an unfamiliar one, you will be much faster," promises the coach.
Read faster: It's all about exercise!
Reading quickly is a matter of training. As with other skills, this would allow us to do several things at the same time: walking and talking, Drive and music listen, or read and eat and still understand texts. That can also be a disadvantage if we don't read focused. "When our minds are busy with something else and, for example, going through our to-do list, we sometimes read on and only realize after a few paragraphs that we have not even noticed what we are reading."
Efficient reading starts with that Sitting posture and the right desk to: "When it comes to the reading posture, it is crucial that we are relaxed," says Lehner. The more we are tense at the shoulders, the worse the connection from the head to the body, but that is for reading comprehension and learning absolutely needed. "Whether lying down, with dangling legs or in a yoga seat, everyone has to find out for themselves what is most comfortable," advises the 53-year-old.
Good light and little distraction ensure a suitable reading environment. "The desk should as distraction-free as possible be. It doesn't help if there are other books lying around, pens, paper and anything else that draws our attention away from the book to all sorts of other things. "Specialized literature in the course, including yawning and boring theoretical, is for some Homework indispensable. "If we can't pull ourselves up to read at all, the only thing that helps motivation is to be aware of the goal behind the goal, namely the bachelor's degree or the PhD thesis to create, "says Lehner.
However, the motto 'duty first, pleasure later' does not help. "If there is literature that interests me, I should start with this," she recommends. In between we should continue with the less popular textsto then return to the exciting book. "This is a great reward, like candy, and motivates us. "But: Don't forget to take breaks. "A focused unit of 20 minutes is ideal, then we should have one small pause of a few seconds do. Stretching once is enough, "she says. After that, at the latest three or four times for 20 minutes should be a Break of 10 to 15 minutes be inside.
The biggest Speed killer: Jump with your eyes somewhere else, speak the text mentally and jump back in the text and read entire passages again. Whoever speaks the text mentally reads more slowly, just like someone who grasps it word for word. "There are around 45 words that the brain recognizes immediately and doesn't have to read along, for example Articles or filler words", Lehner knows. Alone, if we don't speak these words directly, we increased the reading speed by a third. Those who manage to capture word phrases rather than individual words can improve significantly. A good practise: "Read rhythmicallyby starting slowly or at your own reading pace and then reading faster, "says Lehner. That should be quicker than pleasant, so that you can read slowly again after about half a page." Maintaining this rhythm for several pages helps the Increase speed step by step."
There are very specific aids to prevent your eyes from jumping elsewhere. "Running your own finger, a pen or a piece of paper along the words in the line you are currently in helps a lot," she says. These Sharing aid should not be used choppy, but rather help to draw the eyes more quickly. Science literature doesn't make it easy for us: "Also Footnotes are, so to speak, a distraction, they force us to jump in the text and that slows down the reading process. "According to Lehner, some people like to slow down in the lower third of a page:" That has to do with the position of the eyes. "She advises, forcing yourself to read fasterand deliberately faster to compensate for this, because the position of the eyes makes the brain tired.
With these tricks we achieve first successes after three or four days, promises Lehner. "Then we have to stick with it and keep trying to improve," she advises. The important thing is to vary. "The brain gets bored quickly. We should take turns, cover up a few days with the bookmark, then practice read fast-slow-fast and then combine that, for example, with showing, "says the expert. Reading under time pressure is no help." Reading stressedly is not efficient reading. "We'd rather think about how much time there is and such deflection prevents a focused reading of the text.
If we Literature for homework Good preparation helps to choose it yourself. "When doing research, we can use certain criteria to sort out which books and which passages are important for my topic," says Lehner. First of all we should get an overviewby examining the title, subtitle, table of contents and bibliography.
If the literature seems relevant to us, another test follows: "We should take five minutes to find out what the text looks like. Does it contain lots of metaphors or specific information? Is the text solid or full of graphics?
If I really want to read it in detail then I should use a system.
"For example, I like to take small post-its and then mark in different colorswhere there is a definition, a quotation, an example or hints on a further topic, "she says. If we then needed something specific while writing the term paper, we would no longer have to search in the text itself.
Even if we may not reach a world champion level, better reading skills can make a difference. We read between the ages of 14 and 16 about 120 to 250 words per minute. A competent reader creates 400 to 450 words per minute and even a fast reader 750 to 800 words per minute. Our speed and efficiency can be increase with tricks and exercises. Then the pile of books doesn't seem so daunting either!
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