How often should you replace your furniture

Correctly restoring furniture: repairing and repairing damage

If the veneer flakes off, pieces of wood are missing or you want to repair cracks and holes in the wood, manual skills are required. Read how to replace damaged areas on old furniture.

You will find out in this article:

  1. Repair cracks and holes
  2. Fix veneer damage
  3. Replace missing parts
  4. Recognize and fight woodworm infestation

Repair cracks and holes

Wood putty and Co.

Fine cracks and holes can be filled in a wide variety of ways. Wood putty is available in numerous wood tones. It is easy to work with, but the putty tends to become brittle. Deeper holes should be filled in several layers.

A simple putty can also be made from a mixture of sanding dust and wood glue self made become.

Shellac and wax sticks

Shellac or wax sticks become melted on a decommissioned ironso that the liquid mass drips into the damaged area. In this way, even larger holes and cracks can be closed. If the furniture is to be waxed later, the use of wax putty is recommended. For a later shellac polish, the shellac sticks are the means of choice. Excess material can be carefully removed with a chisel.

Two-component fillers

Two-component fillers adhere best. However, these are a product of the modern chemical era, so that some restorers reject them. Also, color matching is difficult. However, they can also be used to permanently fill larger gaps. After hardening, the material is very strong. It is available in different colors, but tends to fade.

In general, a “patch” that is a shade darker is less noticeable than a lighter one. So if the exact shade is not available, you should rather go for the darker alternative. The patches can also be matched in color with a fine brush and stain.

Fix veneer damage

In many antiques, the structural parts of the furniture are made of softwood. The representative appearance results from glued-on veneer. Over the years it can happen that the veneer blisters, comes off or splinters at the edges.

Bubbles in the veneer

Bubbles that form due to loosened veneer can either be seen with the naked eye or heard by tapping the surface lightly with your finger.

There are two ways to repair the spots: First, you can try through Heat with the iron loosen the bone glue under the veneer again in order to achieve renewed adhesion (see illustration, place a cloth between the iron and wood).

If that doesn't work, you can with a syringe (from the pharmacy) Inject glue: The glue is injected under the veneer bubble with a thick needle. Then put a piece of newspaper and an allowance on the spot and brace it. The newspaper prevents the allowance from sticking (see illustration). Sand after drying.

Replace missing veneer

Holes in the veneer can "patched" with a new piece of veneer become. Those who - like most restorers - cannot fall back on a pool of historical veneers will have a hard time finding a suitable piece of veneer. The type of wood must be the same as that of the furniture; ideally, the grain, color and material thickness match the damaged area. As far as the color is concerned, a little stain can be used. If you only have thinner veneers available, you can glue two strips of veneer onto one another.

The “patch” is cut out of the replacement veneer with a sharp cutter. Straight cuts across the grain are conspicuous and should be avoided. The “patch” is then placed on the defective area and its outlines are transferred with a fine pencil (see illustration). Now the outlines of the broken out area can be adapted exactly to the "patch".

Clean the wood at the damaged area and glue in the "patch": Clamp with newspaper, allowance and clamp. Sand after drying.

Replace missing parts

If entire pieces of wood are missing from solid wood furniture, the procedure is similar to replacing missing veneer. First of all, it is important to find a piece of wood that matches the type of wood, grain and color. From this, the missing part becomes as possible cut out to fit. After the replacement piece has been cut to size, its shape is transferred to the piece of furniture and the faulty area is adjusted with the chisel, then the replacement piece is glued in.

So that the clamp does not slip off when gluing, it may be necessary, depending on the shape of the furniture, to cut the allowance accordingly. In the case of curved furniture, it is advisable to initially stretch the patched area without adding glue. After the replacement piece has been glued in, its shape is adapted to the shape of the furniture using a chisel and sandpaper. The color can be matched with stain.

Recognize and fight woodworm infestation

Woodworms can do a lot of damage to furniture. How to recognize an infestation on your furniture, which home remedies are most effective against woodworms and how you should proceed with pest control, you can find out in our guide:

»Recognize, fight and prevent wood pests