What is active

Perpetrator and victim

Actions can be active or passive. The one who takes an action on an object or on another person is that Perpetrator and thus active.

The other person or that objecton whom the act is performed is the victim and thus passive.

Let's look at an example:

The mother washes the laundry.

In this case, the mother is “the culprit” because she does something to the laundry. In our case, she washes them.

The laundry here represents “the victim”. Something is done with the laundry, it is washed by the mother.

Convert active sentences into passive sentences

Active sentences can also be easily converted into passive sentences. Here the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence.
The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. You can find out whether it is the subject or the object of the sentence with questions:

Subject: Who or what?
Object: Whose? Whom? Who or what?

The predicate is the verb of the sentence. What is being done.

Let's look at an example of this as well:

Active phrase:
The mother washes the laundry.
Subject Predicate Object
Who or what Whom or what
washes the laundry? does the mother wash?
Answer: The mother Answer: The laundry

Passive clause:
The mother does the laundry.
Subject predicate object predicate
Who or what becomes of whom
who does the laundry?
Mother washed? Answer: from the mother
Answer: The laundry

The different tenses of the passive voice

The different tenses of the passive voice look like this:

Tenseactivepassive
Present (Present)I choose
you choose
he / she / it chooses

we vote
you choose
you decide
i am elected
you are elected
he / she / it is elected

we are elected
you are elected
they are elected
Simple past (unfinished past)i chose
you chose
he / she / it chose

we chose
you chose
they chose
i was elected
you have been elected
he / she / it was elected

we were elected
you have been chosen
they were elected

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The different tenses of the passive voice

Tense active passive
Perfect (past)I have chosen
you chose
he / she / it has voted

We have chosen
you have chosen
you have chosen
i have been elected
you have been chosen
he / she / it has been elected

we have been chosen

you have been chosen
they have been elected

Past perfect (perfect past)I chose
you chose
he / she / it had chosen

we had chosen
you chose
they had chosen
I was elected
you had been chosen
he / she / it was chosen

we were chosen
you were chosen

they had been chosen

The different tenses of the passive voice

Tense active passive
Future I (future)i will choose
you will choose

he / she / it will choose

we will choose
you will choose
they will choose
i will be elected
you will be chosen
he / she / it will be elected

we will be elected
you will be chosen
they will be elected

Process and status passive

If an event, an action is currently in progress, one speaks of Process passive. The process passive is formed with the auxiliary verb “to be” (e.g. to be praised, to be washed).

Peter is praised.

As State passive the state after the process is called. It is formed with the auxiliary verb "sein" (e.g. to be washed, to be praised).

The laundry is washed.
The laundry will be done tomorrow.

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