What do aerospace engineers do

Aerospace engineering degree

An overview of the right universities and courses of study

Each university has its own admission procedure. Sometimes you have to register via hochschulstart.de in order to take part in the application process of the dialogue-oriented service procedure (DoSV). Here we list the most important admission requirements.

  • University entrance qualification: General university entrance qualification or technical college entrance qualification
    • alternatively: equivalent professional qualification
  • Pre-study internship of 12 weeks or similar
  • Passing the selection procedure (NC)
  • First degree in a related subject with at least six semesters or 180 ECTS (aviation technology, space technology, mechanical engineering, vehicle technology or similar)
  • good final grade

personal requirements

However, good grades and the right school leaving certificate are not everything. The aerospace engineering subject has it all. You should have the following characteristics:

  • very good mathematical talent
  • high interest in science and technology
  • spatial imagination
  • Creativity and curiosity
  • Sense of responsibility
  • Discipline and Motivation

Numerus Clausus (NC) for aerospace engineering

At some universities all applicants can regularly be admitted, at others there are more applicants than places and an NC decides on admission. But don't worry! Although there are not tons of degree programs - aerospace engineering is not the first choice for every prospective student either. Many of the required notation cuts are therefore always in the range of 3, a 2 is less often expected before the decimal point.

Current NC values ​​aerospace engineering degree


Course of study


Waiting semester

was standing

Munich University of Applied Sciences

Bachelor in aerospace engineering

2.7 with Abi
3.1 with FOS


WS 2020/21

University of Würzburg

Bachelor aerospace informatics

No admission restrictions

Ws 2020/21

Rhein-Main University of Applied Sciences

Bachelor in aerospace engineering

No admission restrictions


WS 2020/21

The basics of engineering are taught in the basic or basic course, which is closely based on mechanical engineering. At the beginning there are mainly mathematics, physics, chemistry and materials science on the schedule. Lectures and seminars in the fields of aircraft construction, space technology, engine technology and flight operations technology are added later.

Possible compulsory modules

  • Electrical engineering and electronics
  • Basics of lightweight construction
  • mathematics
  • measuring technology
  • Numerics
  • physics
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Technical mechanics
  • Technical drawing and CAD
  • thermodynamics
  • Aerospace materials

Possible elective modules

Each university has a different curriculum and offers different specializations to choose from. Here are a few examples.

  • Business and work organization
  • Fiber composite materials and construction methods
  • Flight aerodynamics
  • Flight guidance systems / electronics
  • Cost accounting
  • Construction aircraft structure
  • Aviation engines
  • Air law
  • Use of space
  • Space technology
  • Turbo machines
  • System integration
  • Thermal balance
  • Combustion technology

In addition, internships in industry must be completed. The prescribed length varies depending on the university. Sometimes it is eight weeks, elsewhere twelve or you can plan a whole internship semester.

Anyone who would like to take on challenging development tasks in their later professional life should definitely have a master’s degree after completing their bachelor’s degree. In this, the specialist knowledge can be broadened. The goal is then a deepening or specialization. Masters students usually work on a research project about which they also write their thesis.

  • Graduation: Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.) Or Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)
  • Duration: 7 semesters
  • Type of study: Full-time or dual
  • Particularities: Practical projects, semesters abroad possible
  • Graduation: Master of Engineering (M.Eng.) Or Master of Science (M.Sc.)
  • Duration: 3 - 4 semesters
  • Type of study: Full-time, first dual offer available

Aerospace engineers find jobs primarily in the national and international aerospace industry, with airlines and at airports. They are also employed in maintenance companies or in the supplier industry, for example at manufacturers of engines and navigation instruments or in companies that develop control software. Engineering offices or public administration are also possible employers. Universities and research institutions as well as steel and light metal construction open up further fields of activity.

With a bachelor's or master's degree, you will be able to build, develop, and improve aircraft and spacecraft, work in technical sales, ensure quality management or work in purchasing and material control for these potential employers. The course not only trained you technically, it also provided you with general qualifications that enable you to work in management-heavy departments.

You are also able to take on management positions in the short or medium term. This is usually even easier with a master's than with a bachelor's.

As a rule, engineers always earn well. So do aerospace engineers. The amount of the salary naturally depends on many factors: the area of ​​responsibility, responsibility, position, size of the company or one's own qualifications are among the most important.

To give you clues about salaries, we took a look around Salary.de. Please note that these are only individual examples that do not apply across the board to the income of aircraft and space engineers.

Job / field of activity

Gross monthly salary

Aircraft construction - work preparation

6,863 euros

Aircraft construction - mechanical engineer

3,279 euros

Aircraft construction consultant

5,696 euros

Aircraft construction - engineer in construction

7,797 euros

Aircraft mechanic

3,760 euros

Aircraft mechanic

4,025 euros

Aerospace Engineer - Systems Engineering

4,260 euros

Technical Lead Aerospace Flight Controls

4,231 euros

Project management in aerospace engineering

4,979 euros

Development engineer aerodynamics

5,947 euros

Development engineer aerospace technology

5,572 euros

You can see - although there are only individual examples - the salaries are impressive. With a degree in aerospace engineering, you have a good chance of earning a high salary. Annual salaries of 60,000 euros and more are realistic.