What are some unique Sudanese foods

Visa Sudan

Flora and fauna - experience unique nature in Sudan


The vegetation ranges from sparse vegetation in the northern deserts to thorn bushes and dry to wet savannas. The diverse fauna, especially in central Sudan, includes elephants, buffalo, giraffes, antelopes, hyenas, lions, hippos and crocodiles as well as numerous birds of prey and water birds. To protect flora and fauna, Sudan has protected a large number of areas, although this protection mostly only exists on paper. There is only a management plan for the Dinder National Park on the border with Ethiopia, which is on the list of proposed UNESCO World Natural Heritage sites, and it is being implemented. The Barkal mountain with the historic city of Sanam is already a World Heritage Site - together they form the ancient capital of Napata of the Kingdom of Kush.


Visa Sudan - Diversity of Languages


English is widely used as the official language. Nevertheless, around half of the Sudanese speak Arabic, which can be heard mainly in the north. In the southern part, Sudan Arabic is used as the lingua franca. The third largest group are the Cushitic languages. In addition, there are Nilosaharan languages ​​and another 75 dialects and dialects.


The Sudan Transport Network - Travel around the country with luck and good planning


With your visa issued by the embassy, ​​it will not be that easy to travel around the country itself, because the infrastructure is poorly developed in contrast to Germany, especially outside the larger cities. The decrepit buses as the main carrier of the public transport system only run occasionally. The railroad is almost insignificant for passenger traffic. The reason? The rail network with a length of around 6,000 kilometers consists largely of a narrow-gauge railway that dates back to colonial times and is in poor condition. It doesn't look any different on the street either. There are only around 4,320 kilometers of paved roads and around 7,580 kilometers of slopes.


Worth seeing - the capital Khartoum


When entering the country with the visa issued by the embassy, ​​you should get to know the capital of the country, which is located in the eastern part of Sudan at the confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile. Here is some information: The actual city has around 2.7 million inhabitants, in the agglomeration with Omdurman and al-Chartum Bahri there are more than 8 million inhabitants. Khartoum has the following attractions to offer:


  • Great mosque
    The mosque was built under the Turkish rule in the Egyptian style and can accommodate up to 10,000 people. It is located in the business center and market district of the city.
  • Presidential palace
    The Palace of Khartoum is the seat of government of the Sudanese President. It lies on the banks of the Blue Nile. A garden of around seven hectares and other smaller buildings belong to it.
  • Roman Catholic Cathedral
    The cathedral is the episcopal church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Khartoum. The Italian origins of many missionaries in the country are reflected in the slightly overloaded neo-Romanesque style.
  • All Saints Cathedral
    The church building of the Anglican Church is located in the east of South Khartoum, near the city's airport. It is now used as a museum.
  • Botanical Garden
    One of the attractions is the capital's botanical garden with its unique flora and fauna.
  • National Museum of Sudan
    The impressive collection of the museum in the city center contains, among other things, Egyptian writings from the first dynasty of the pharaohs.

Visa Sudan - Correct Conduct in Public


As a guest you should adapt to the rules of conduct there in the Islamic regions of Sudan. It is recommended to wear loose clothing that covers the arms and legs, which also protects against mosquitoes. Headgear is not necessary, but makes sense to protect against sun and dust. Eating, drinking and smoking in public is frowned upon in the fasting month of Ramadan during the daytime hours. If you want to take photos or video recordings during your trip, a permit from the Ministry of Tourism and National Heritage is required. Photographing and filming military installations, uniformed persons and objects that are strategically important from the point of view of the Sudanese authorities (ministries, military and police, as well as other public facilities such as train stations, bridges, airfields, etc.) is strictly forbidden, even if you have a photo permit.


Information about money and credit cards


Large banks in the capital Khartoum are for example the Sudan French Bank, the Central Bank Sudan and the Bank of Khartoum. You change euros, English pounds and US dollars into Sudanese pound notes. There are also exchange options in smaller, private exchange offices, whereby the exchange rates do not differ significantly from those of the banks. Outside of Khartoum, travelers should rather rely on US dollars. Credit cards are mostly not accepted in Sudan, with a few exceptions. The few ATMs only accept Sudanese bank cards.


Important medical information for Sudan


Vaccination protection: No compulsory vaccinations are required when entering Germany directly. However, vaccination against yellow fever is recommended. The Federal Foreign Office also advises getting vaccinated against tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough (pertussis), especially against poliomyelitis (polio) and hepatitis A.


Common diseases and hygiene measures


Vaccination protection: No compulsory vaccinations are required when entering Germany directly. However, vaccination against yellow fever is recommended. The Federal Foreign Office also advises getting vaccinated against tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough (pertussis), especially against poliomyelitis (polio) and hepatitis A.


Common diseases and hygiene measures


Malaria: In the southern parts of the country (Südkordofan, Nile Valley) there is a high risk of malaria all year round. In the north, on the Red Sea, the risk is low. Khartoum and Port Sudan are considered malaria free. The disease is transmitted through the bite of blood-sucking nocturnal Anopheles mosquitoes. If left untreated, the disease can be fatal in non-immune Europeans. An outbreak is possible weeks to months after your stay. Various prescription drugs are available on the German market for malaria prophylaxis.

HIV / AIids: Sexual contact, unclean syringes or needles, and blood transfusions can carry a significant, life-threatening risk of contracting HIV / AIDS.

Diarrheal diseases: Appropriate food and drinking water hygiene can prevent most diarrheal illnesses during your stay with the Sudan visa. Some basic rules: Only drink water of safe origin, e.g. B. bottled water, never tap water. In case of emergency, use filtered, disinfected or boiled water. Use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you are out and about. The following applies to food: boil, peel or disinfect. Make sure you keep flies away from your food. Wash your hands with soap and use disposable towels as often as possible.

Poisonous animals: In the country there are sometimes dangerous poisonous snakes whose bite can cause severe physical damage. However, snake bites are rather unusual and rarely occur unprovoked. Many snakes are nocturnal, so if possible do not run around outdoors at night and do not reach into holes or crevices, under stones or brushwood, branches and similar confusing material. If snakes are encountered, a suitable distance should be kept. In addition, some very poisonous species of spiders and scorpions as well as certain, in some cases strikingly colored, caterpillars, centipedes, ants, etc. are represented in Sudan. These animals should not be touched or stimulated either. Be careful when traveling, wherever you reach, step, sit or lie down.