When is it haram to pray fajr?

The verdict on making up for the missed prayer

Praise be to Allah ..


We thank you for the trust you have placed in our side. We ask Allah to be thought well of us and to grant us success and guidance. We also thank you for hurrying to learn what you do not know. This is a duty incumbent on every Muslim and one is not born a scholar as he said, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him:

"Certainly, knowledge comes from learning."

Ibn Hajar classified this in "Fath Al-Baari" as authentic. Don't think that if you ask about something you don't know about, it will be seen as stupidity. Rather, it is a required thing for which man is praised.


Regarding the questions related to prayer, see question no.13340 for a detailed answer about the description of prayer and what adhkar (devotional formulas) should be said in it.


And as for recitation in prayer in Arabic, or any other language, in question no. 3471, with Allah's permission, you will find a detailed answer on the matter. We advise you to make every effort to learn the Arabic language at least in what is related to Surah Al-Fatiha (1) and the pillars and Wajibat (compulsory parts) of prayer. This is possible either if you learn it from a Muslim who knows it by heart and can recite it in a beautiful way, or if you go to websites that contain recordings of the noble Koran, listen to them and memorize them from there.


Regarding the failure to pray, only one of two cases can arise:

First: That you inadvertently missed the prayer, rather because of a legitimate Islamic reason, such as out of forgetfulness or because you overslept, despite your intense efforts to pray it in its time. In this case, you are excused and must do it as soon as you remember. The proof of this is that in the “Saheeh Work” by Muslim (681) the story was passed down that the Messenger, may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and his companions slept through the morning prayers. Then the Companions of the Prophets began to whisper to each other: “What is the atonement for our neglect of the prayer we have made?” Then the Messenger of Allah said:

“Certainly, there is no neglect in sleep. The neglect refers to the one who does not pray the prayer until the time of the next prayer arrives. Whoever does this should pray it as soon as he becomes aware of it. "

This does not mean that you can intentionally oversleep prayer so that you missed it and then apologize by sleeping, or neglect and then apologize about the methods that will help you get up for it. Rather, one must stick to whatever means one is able to do, as the Messenger, may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, did in this incident. Because he asked a person to stay awake so that he could wake them up in prayer, but the tiredness overwhelmed him and he did not wake them up. This case is one of those for which man is excused.

Second, you purposely miss the prayer. This is a tremendous sin and a dangerous crime, so some scholars have declared whoever does this to be an unbeliever (kafir) (as it is in the fatawa and article collection of the honorable Shaykh Ibn Baz (10/374)). According to the consensus of the scholars, he must sincerely repent (his deed). As for catching up, scholars disagreed as to whether or not it would be accepted if caught up. Most scholars are of the opinion that one should make up for it and that it is valid despite sin (if, and Allah knows best, one does not return repentant), as Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaimin said in “Ash-Sharh Al -Mumti '”(2/89), handed down.

Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taimia, may Allah have mercy on him, saw it as stronger that it is not valid, even that it does not have to be made up for. He, may Allah have mercy on him, said in “Al-Ikhtiyaaraat” (34): “He who deliberately fails to pray does not have to make up for it, and it is not accepted by him either. Rather, he should do more voluntary prayers. This is the opinion of a group of the ancestors. ”And among those among the contemporary scholars who saw this opinion as stronger was Ibn 'Uthaimin, may Allah have mercy on him, in the passage mentioned earlier (in Ash-Sharh Al- Mumti '). He took his, peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, testimony as evidence: "Anyone who does something that does not correspond to our concern must be rejected."

So you must be careful of it in the most intense way and strive to pray the prayer in its time, as He, exalted be He, said:

"Prayer is prescribed for believers at certain times."

[An-Nisaa`: 103]

As for repentance, you will find a detailed answer to Question No. 14289 on this page.

And as for the animals for slaughter, which the non-Muslims slaughter, you will find the answer to this in question 10339.

And when you asked about the edible marine animals, they are all fundamentally permitted, since Allah, exalted be He, said: "The hunting animals of the sea and (all) the edible from it are permitted for you as usufruct." [Al- Maa`ida: 96]

We ask Allah to give you the strength to learn the Arabic language, understand the religion and do more good deeds, (only) He is able to do so.