What are the benefits of a doctor

Job profile: doctors

Doctors recognize and cure diseases, alleviate ailments and extend lives. They exercise a great position of power in making decisions about treatment routes and therapies. The general practitioner is usually referred to as a doctor or general practitioner. As a family doctor, he is the first point of contact for sick people of all ages and with almost every history and accordingly has a wide range of medical knowledge. The job profile primarily includes general practitioner care for patients. There are also numerous specialists who specialize in a medical field.

Profession doctor

Doctors examine patients and diagnose diseases. You determine the type and duration of the treatment and document its course. The doctors carry out preventive examinations and various interventions. They discuss therapy and preventive measures with the patient.

The tasks of doctors are:

  • Treat acutely or chronically ill people
  • Carry out preventive examinations
  • Diagnose diseases
  • Advising patients
  • Initiate rehabilitation measures
  • Working with professionals and institutions that are (also) responsible for patient health care
  • Merge the patient's medical data
  • Refer patients to specialists

Doctors skills

Technical skills and medical understanding are crucial in order to become a good doctor. Observation and comprehension, physical and psychological resilience should also be well developed. Doctors should be skilled with their hands and fingers.

Soft skills for doctors:

In addition to professional qualities, soft skills are important for medical professionals. After all, their “core business” revolves around people: the greater the trust between doctor and patient, the more likely the treatment will be successful. The main requirements for a doctor include:

Doctors work tools

General practitioners can fall back on many modern examination and treatment methods. For example, these methods and devices are available to them for their work:

  • electrocardiogram
  • Ergometry
  • Long-term ECG
  • Long-term blood pressure measurement
  • Spirometric studies of lung function
  • Ultrasound examinations
  • Doppler sonographs
  • Puncture and catheterization techniques
  • Infusion, transfusion and blood replacement therapy
  • Proctoscopy

Advantages and disadvantages as a doctor

These are the greatest advantages of the medical profession:

  • Maximum creation of meaning (saving lives)
  • Excellent job and salary prospects (crisis-proof profession)
  • Social recognition and enormous prestige

These are the main disadvantages of the medical profession:

  • Heavy workload and long working hours including weekend work, night shifts and on-call duty
  • Constant confrontation with strokes of fate, suffering, death, despair and aggression
  • Pronounced thinking in hierarchies including class arrogance and competitive attitude

Doctors salary

A general practitioner earns an average of around 5,500 to 6,000 euros gross per month. The salary basically depends on professional experience, working hours, employment and region.

Salary in hospitals:

In hospitals, salaries are regulated according to the collective agreement for doctors in hospitals. General practitioners employed full-time - depending on the position and professional experience - come to 6,000 to 9,000 euros gross per month. In general practitioners' practices, salaries are similar. Newcomers start with 4,500 to 5,000 euros.

Salary as a general practitioner in private practice:

According to the Federal Statistical Office, a general practitioner in private practice has an average gross annual salary of 167,000 euros. Undoubtedly a top salary, but it drops compared to other medical professionals. Dermatologists earn an average of 225,000 euros a year, ophthalmologists 256,000 euros and radiologists even 373,000 euros.

Become a doctor

The basic requirement for working as a specialist in general medicine is completing a general medical degree. The allocation of a study place is tied to a Numerus Clausus (NC). So the better the Abitur grade, the greater the chance for applicants. They also have to pass a medical test.

Doctor job title

The job title doctor or doctor is protected by law. If you want to lead it, you have to have successfully completed six years of university studies in Germany. After the third state examination, the state health authority grants the "Approbation". The license to practice medicine is the permission to do medical work. This is regulated in the Federal Doctors' Ordinance in Section 2, Paragraphs 2, 3 and 4.

Doctor without a doctor

The title Dr. med University graduates can acquire this by writing a doctoral thesis on a scientific topic in addition to the exam. The dissertation must be part of an examination, the Rigorosumto be defended. However, a doctorate is not a prerequisite for working as a doctor.

Medicine degree

The medical degree usually lasts 12 semesters. It is divided into the pre-clinical part, the clinical part and the practical year. Then the medical studies conclude with the second part of the medical examination. After 60 months of advanced training in general medicine, graduates are allowed to open their own practice.

In the pre-clinical part of the medical course, these topics are dealt with:

  • chemistry
  • biology
  • physics
  • biochemistry
  • physiology

Students apply the theory they have learned in internships. After four semesters, the preclinical part ends with the medical examination. The clinical part of the training follows.

The following topics are dealt with in the clinical part of the medical degree:

  • General medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • surgery
  • dermatology
  • Human genetics
  • Internal Medicine
  • neurology
  • Orthopedics
  • pathology

The practical year for medical students:

In the eleven and twelve semesters, the practical year follows, which is completed in the hospital in the areas of internal medicine, surgery and in a field of your choice. Then the medical studies conclude with the second part of the medical examination. After completing their studies, however, prospective general practitioners are not yet qualified to open a practice.

Postgraduate training:

This is followed by further training in general medicine, which lasts 60 months. Trainers are general practitioners who are authorized to continue training; alternatively, the training can also be completed at a specific training facility. 36 months of further training are allocated to inpatient basic further training in the field of internal medicine, 24 months to outpatient general practitioner care. This is complemented by an 80-hour course in basic psychosomatic care.

The contents of the training are for example

  • Health advice
  • Early detection of health disorders
  • Initiation and implementation of rehabilitation measures
  • Aftercare
  • Detection and treatment of non-infectious, infectious, toxic and neoplastic as well as allergic, immunological, metabolic, nutrition-dependent and degenerative diseases
  • Basics of tumor therapy
  • Palliative medical care
  • Indication, appropriate sample collection and treatment for laboratory tests and classification of the results in the respective clinical picture
  • Dietary treatments
  • Basics of drug therapy
  • Detection and treatment of acute emergencies including life-saving measures to maintain vital functions and resuscitation

Doctors labor market

According to the German Medical Association (BÄK), there are over 402,000 doctors in Germany (as of the end of 2019). Almost 160,000 doctors work in the outpatient sector. The number of resident doctors is around 116,000. With 207,000 more than half of the medical professionals are employed in a hospital.

Doctors jobs

Family doctors are desperately wanted today. The average age of practicing physicians in private practice in Germany is comparatively high, so that many practices can be handed over to a new owner within the next few years. As a prospective doctor, there is still a good time to decide on further training to become a general practitioner.

Individual practice or group practice?

The classic individual practice is no longer the only option for a career. There is also the possibility of employment in community practices. With regard to work-life balance, the following applies: As a general practitioner, you are always ready in the figurative sense. The medical oath given obliges to help at any time as soon as a person needs help.

In the past, however, regular weekend or night shifts were the norm with your own practice. That has changed since emergency centers opened their doors in many places, covering the weekends and nights. With good planning, general practitioners also have relatively regular working hours - unless an unexpected emergency suddenly comes through the door.

Doctors employers

Specialists in general medicine usually start their own business and open a practice alone or with several colleagues. But there is also the possibility of employment in larger practices. General practitioners can also get jobs in the hospital. Others pursue careers in the public health service.

These employers hire doctors:

  • Health department
  • laboratory
  • school
  • Therapy center
  • Pharmaceutical industry
  • university
  • Health insurances and medical associations
  • Hospice, retirement and nursing homes


The career path for general practitioners is actually predetermined: studies, practical year in hospital, training to become a general practitioner, self-employment. But there are also alternatives to the classic career: For example, there are opportunities for lateral entry into the pharmaceutical industry to work as a pharmaceutical consultant. There are also positions in health departments or comparable public institutions from time to time.


One thing is certain. Doctors need not be afraid of the future. If you are studying human medicine today, you will not have to search long for a job later with the job profile and high probability. This applies to practically all areas: clinic, branch office or in non-curative areas such as the pharmaceutical industry. Although the number of doctors is increasing steadily, there is still an increased need for medical care. There are reasons for this: Medical progress and the increasing number of older people mean that treatments are more frequent and more complex. In addition, the demographic change is also reflected in the average age of the medical profession, which is becoming increasingly obsolete.

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