How did the slang term prey come about

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Even if you have a good command of English, it will be difficult to understand the colloquial Australian language. Australian slang 'Strine' differs greatly from British and American English, especially in pronunciation and vocabulary.

Although individual terms from 'Down Under' have already been adopted into everyday German, for example “aggro” for aggressive behavior, the “strine” often sounds strange. To get a feel for the peculiarities of Australian English, it is worthwhile to watch some Australian films in the original before traveling. Even if you only understand half of it, you get used to the slang and hear some authentic vocabulary. The differences to German school vocabulary quickly become apparent, as well as deviations from American “film” and “music” English.

The Australian likes to swallow letters and whole syllables, e.g. when greeting G'day! (good day). Abbreviations are very popular, words with several syllables are shortened, e.g. Brisbane (brizzie). Even several words are grouped together, e.g. How are you? (How are you going? becomes Overgoing?). Vowels are pronounced wide and stretched, e.g. card with a long 'a'. Consonants, on the other hand, are often pronounced carelessly. There are also words from the Aboriginal language, own word creations and funny idioms. There are hardly any regional fluctuations in Australian slang, and people tend to speak more quickly in the city than in the country.

Below are some typical Australian slang expressions.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A.

Ace! - Excellent! Very good!
Adams' ale-water.
Aggro - aggressive, angry.
Amber Fluid - beer.
Ankle biter - toddler.
Apple Isle - Tasmania.
Arvo - afternoon (abbreviation for afternoon).
Aussie - Australian.
Aussie rules - Football with Australian rules, similar to rugby.
Aussie salute - Australian salute; Waving your hand in front of your face to scare away the flies.
Avos - avocados.

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B.

B&B - Bed & Breakfast.
Baccy - tobacco.
Back of beyond - outback, in the middle of nowhere.
Back o'Bourke - where the fox and the hare say good night; Outback.
Bad case of the trots - diarrhea (large), diarrhea
Bail out - jump off, get out.
Banana bender - residents of Queensland.
Barbie - barbecue, grill.
Bathers - bathing suit, but only in Victoria and South Australia.
Beaut - beautiful, good.
Beef road - road in the outback used to transport cattle.
Bevan - looser type.
Bikkie - biscuit.
Billabong - water hole, pond.
Billy - tin pot for boiling water in the bush.
Billy tea - traditional way of preparing tea in the bush.
Bingle - traffic accident.
Bloke - man, dude.
Blow-in - stranger.
Bludger - idler.
Bluey - nickname for someone with red hair.
Boomer - big male kangaroo.
Booze bus - police vehicle in which alcohol tests are carried out.
Boozer - pub, eatery.
Bored shitless - very boring.
Bot - scrounge.
Bottle shop - a shop with a license to sell alcohol.
Bottler - something excellent.
Breakky - breakfast (abbreviation for breakfeast).
Brickie - mason.
Brisvegas - Brisbane, capital of Queensland.
Brizzie - Brisbane.
Brumby - wild horse.
Bull - bullshit.
Bull bar - impact protection in front of the radiator, which is supposed to dampen the impact when colliding with kangaroos (but mostly: Roo bar).
Bull dust - finest dust in the outback.
Bullroarer - instrument commonly used in Aboriginal initiation ceremonies. Elongated flat piece of wood on a string that is swung over the head.
Bundy - short for Bundaberg (Queensland) and the rum brand that is produced there.
Bunyip - mythical being of the outback in Aboriginal legends.
Burl - Give it a burl !; Try it out!
Bush - the hinterland, the interior.
Bush tucker - food from nature.
Bush telly-bonfire.
Bushie - someone who lives in the bush.
Butcher - small beer glass (285ml) in South Australia (SA).
B.Y.O. - Abbreviation for 'Bring Your Own'. Restaurants without a full license, where you can pay a small fee. corkage) may bring their own alcoholic beverages.

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C.

Cabin - living container, or small hut.
Cackleberry - an egg.
Cane toad - residents of Queensland.
Carbie - carburetor (abbreviation for carburettor).
Catch ya later - see you later ..
Cattleman - drover, cattle herder.
Chewie - chewing gum.
Chokkie - chocolate.
Chook - chicken.
Chrissie - Christmas.
Chuck a U-ey - turning the car on the street, doing a U-turn.
Clap stick - Aboriginal percussion instrument, either a pair of sticks or boomerangs.
Cobber - friend.
Cocky - little farmer.
Cockroaches - Australians in and around Sydney.
Conch - a conscientious person. Someone who would rather work or study than go out and have fun.
Coolabah - eucalyptus tree.
Coolamon - Aboriginal wooden tray.
Coroboree - festival, ceremonial gathering of the Aborigines.
Corrugated road - washboard runway.
Counter lunch - lunch taken at the counter.
Cozzie - swimsuit.
Crow eater - residents of South Australia (SA).
Cuppa - cup of tea.
Cut lunch - open rolls, sandwiches.

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D.

Dag - strange person.
Daks - pants.
Damper - the way bread is made in the outback.
Dead horse - ketchup, tomato sauce.
Digger - orig. Gold digger, soldier.
Dill - idiot, dork.
Dinkum - real, true.
Dipstick - a loser, idiot.
Dirt road - dirt road.
Distillates - old expression for diesel.
Donk - car or boat engine.
Down under - Australia.
Drink with the flies - drink alone.
Drongo - idiot.
Drover - drover.
Drum information, notice.
Duchess - sideboard.
Duffer, cattle - cattle thief.
Dunny - outhouse.
Durry - tobacco, cigarette.

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E.

Earbashing - nagging, talking non-stop.
Early bird.
Enzedder - New Zealanders.
Esky - cool box.
Evo - evening (abbreviation for evening).
Exy - expensive, expensive.

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F.

Facilities - sanitary facilities.
Fair go - a chance.
Fair dinkum - honest.
Fair enough - is fine.
Flake - shark fillet.
Fischo - fish seller.
Fossick - looking for gems.
Franger - condom.
Freo - Fremantle in Western Australia.
Fridge - refrigerator.
Furphy - a rumor, a story of lies.

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G

G'Day - good day (abbreviation for good day).
Galah - screeching bird, swear word for stupid babblers.
Galoot - A foolish or insane person.
Gander - take a look.
Gaol - prison.
Gap - narrow rock opening.
Garbo - garbage man.
Globe - light bulb.
Good Oil - useful information, a good idea.
Good on ya - well done. That's great for you.
Greenie - environmental expert.
Grazier - owner of huge stations with pastureland.
Grog - alcohol.
Grub - food.
Gumtree - eucalyptus tree.

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H

Handle - beer glass with a handle.
Hang on - wait a minute! I'll be right back.
Hooly-dooly surprise.
Hooroo - goodbye.
Hoon - idiot, idiot.
How are ya? - How are you? The standard greeting.

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I.

Icy-pols - Eis am Stil, water ice.

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J

Jackaroo - outback cowboy.
Jelly can - reserve canister.
Jillaroo - cowgirl.
Jingoes! - exclamation of amazement.
Jocks - underpants for men.
Joey - kangaroo baby, still in the pouch.
Journo - journalist.
Jug - beer mug.
Jumbuck - sheep.

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K

Kelpie - Australian Shepherd Dog.
Kero - petroleum.
Kindi - kindergarten.
Kiwi - a New Zealander.
Knock - criticize.
Knock-off - end of work, end of the day.
Knocker - someone who criticizes.
Koori - Aboriginal people in the southeast, live mostly south of the Murray River.

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L.

Lamington - cookies coated with chocolate and desiccated coconut.
Larrikin - rebel, rowdy brother.
Lippy - lipstick (abbreviation for lipstick)
Lollies - sweets.
Lolly - money.
Lolly water - lemonade.
Longneck - 750 ml beer bottle in South Australia (SA).
Loo - toilet.
Lubra - adult Aboriginal woman.
Lucky Country - Australia.

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M.

Ma stater - resident of New South Wales.
Maccas - McDonald's.
Mad - crazy.
Mallee - dry bushland in Victoria (VIC) and South Australia (SA).
Manchester - household linen.
Mate - buddy, friend.
Matilda - bundle of clothes, sleeping bag.
Metho - alcohol.
Middy - small 285 ml beer glass made in New South Wales (NSW).
Milkbar - corner shop.
Milko - milkman.
Mob - group of people.
Moolah - money.
Mozzy - Mosquito.
Mug - gullible person.
Murri - Aboriginals, mainly in Queensland (QLD).
Pattern - rounding up sheep or cattle.

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N

Naff - ridiculous, useless.
Neddies - horses.
Never-never - the interior.
Nips - Japanese.
No drama - the same as 'no worries', no problem; is already OK.
No hoper - no good, hopeless case.
No worries! - no problem; is already OK.
Nulla nulla - Aboriginal wooden club.

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O

O.S. - Overseas (abbreviation for overseas).
Ocher - uncultivated or boorish Australian.
Offsider - assistant, partner, helper.
Oldies - parents.
Op shop - cheap shop, second-hand shop.
Outback - hinterland, undeveloped region away from civilization.
Ow ya goin - how are you? (For How are you going?).
OZ - Australia.

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p

Paddock - fenced area (field, meadow).
Pash - passionate kiss.
Pav - meringue cake with cream and fruits; named after the Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova (1881-1831).
Perve - lustful look.
Petrol - gasoline.
Pint - large beer glass (425 ml) in South Australia (SA).
Piss - beer.
Pissed - drunk.
Plonk - cheap wine or booze.
Polly - politician.
Pom, pommie - a contemptuous term for the English.
Port suitcase.
Postie - postman.
Pot - 285 ml beer glass in Queensland (QLD) and Victoria (VIC).
Pozzy - advantageous position.
Prang accident.
Prawn - shrimp.
Prezzy - gift.
Pub - hotel, pub (abbreviation for public house).
Push - group of people.

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Q

Quak - a doctor who is not very good.

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R.

Rage - partying wildly, dancing.
Rapt - satisfied, pleased.
Ratbag - a common swear word for troublemakers.
Reckon! - Why, surely! Absolutely!
Reffo - refugee (abbreviation for refugee).
Rego - vehicle registration, vehicle registration.
Ridgy-didge - original, real.
Right - okay.
Ripper - great, fantastic.
Ripper, you little! - Exclamation of delight or in response to good news.
Road train - trucks with several trailers.
Roo - kangaroo.
Roo bar - bumper bar in front of the radiator; for protection in the event of accidents with kangaroos.
Rubbish - criticize someone.

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S.

Sandgroper - Resident of Western Australia.
Sanger - sandwich.
Schooner - large beer glass (425 ml) in New South Wales (NSW), small beer glass (285 ml) in South Australia (SA).
Sealed road - tarred road.
Seppo - an American.
Servo gas station.
Sheila - a young woman.
She'll be right! - Everything OK!
Shout - spend a round (as in It's your shout, mate!).
Sickie - paid sick day.
Single - sleeveless t-shirt.
Slab - a box with 24 bottles (stubby) or canned beer (tinny), also carton.
Smoko - coffee or smoking break.
Snag - a sausage.
Spag bol - Spaghetti Bolognese.
Spewin - very nasty.
Spiffy, pretty spiffy - great, excellent.
Spunk - a good-looking person.
Station - large farm inland.
Stickybeak - a curious person.
Stoked - very satisfied.
Storm stick - umbrella, umbrella.
Strides - pants.
Strine - Australian slang and articulation.
Stubby - a 375 ml beer bottle.
Sunbake - sunbathing.
Sunnies - sunglasses.
Surfies - fanatical surfers.
Swag - outback sleeping roll, like a sleeping bag with loose ends and a built-in pad.
Swagman, Swaggie - tramps, casual laborers.

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T

Ta - Thank you (abbreviation for thanks).
Tall poppies - literally: tall poppy; but also everyone who somehow excels, a busybody.
Tall poppy syndrome - criticize pomposity, cut back.
Tallie - 750 ml beer bottle.
Tassie, Taswegian - resident of Tasmania.
Thingo thing, thing.
Tinny - beer can.
Tinny - small aluminum boat.
Thongs - rubber flippers.
Togs - swimsuit
Too right! - Certainly! Definitely!
Top End - the North Northern Territory.
Troppo - tropical fever.
Truckie - long-distance driver.
True blue - real Australian, original, patriotic.
Trucker - food.
Trucker bag.

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U

Uni - University (abbreviation for university).
Undies - underwear (abbreviation for underware).
Unit - apartment.
Unsealed road - unpaved road.
Ute - pickup truck.

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V.

Vedgie - vegetables.
Vee dub - Volkswagen.
Vegemite - spread, brown yeast extract.
Vejjo - vegetarian.

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W.

Walkabout - Originally a traditional aboriginal walk across the country to fulfill their religious and spiritual commitments. Today also as a term for an excursion.
Walloper - police officer.
Wattle - Australian acacia.
Wet season - rainy season in the tropical north.
Whacker, whacka - stubborn, someone with little patience.
Wharfie - dock workers.
Whinge - complain, nag.
Willy willy - little cyclone.
Wog - flu, cold.
Wog - swear word for people of southern European origin.
Woomera - Aboriginal spear thrower.
Woop woop - invented name for every small unimportant town.
Wowser - spoilsport.
Wuss - a coward.

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X

X-ing - pedestrian crossing (abbreviation for pedestrian crossing).
XXXX - well-known Australian beer brand.

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Y

Yabba - conversation.
Yabbie - Small Australian freshwater crayfish.
Yakka - work.
Yobbo - a rude person.
Yonks - dude, a long time.

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Z

Zonked - Exhausted, worn out.

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