How do you think Chinese education 1

Happy school children. At the beginning of July, a photo was circulating on the Chinese network of schoolchildren in Urumqi who threw their satchels in the air for joy. The city had given them a present: the first "summer vacation without homework". Normal for German children - but revolutionary for China, where children stop having a childhood when they start school. Where you often only see toddlers on the streets because the older siblings disappear behind school desks and desks for years. From early in the morning to late at night.

An official from Urumqi City said the Chinese should change their minds. It is like this: "You can also learn from life." The Ministry of Education has now presented plans for the start of school, according to which it would like to completely abolish homework for the first grades, and there should be no exams for the first three years. Now the debate is raging.

Considerable lack of sleep in high school students

The average school day in China is more than eight hours long. A report from Educational newspaper According to the study, nine out of ten students attend a tutoring school every day after school ends. And then there are two to four hours of homework waiting. High school students who get up at half past six and go to bed at eleven after homework are the norm. In 2011, a study in Shanghai found a significant lack of sleep among high school students: On average, they came to less than seven hours a night.

One reads again and again about students who can no longer withstand the pressure and commit suicide, most recently in May the 13-year-old in Nanjing, who got up at 4 a.m. during the holidays to do his homework, and whose parents two hours later found dead.

One would think that China's parents would be happy about the abolition of homework, at least for the youngest. The opposite is the case. Many are afraid. In China's education system, people are mercilessly singled out: Many applicants fight for admission to only a few top schools. All of this plague leads to the university entrance examination, the grade of which in the eyes of many ultimately determines the lives of their children - and everyone is driven by the constant fear that their children will not be able to keep up with the competition.

English, math, calligraphy and Co.

And so the reports Global Times of mothers who undertake test runs in Beijing by giving the child new homework and courses in the time saved: English, math, calligraphy and the like. Fatalistic commentators remind us that this is not the first such attempt: the government has tried it in 1988, then 2000, finally 2010 - and failed every time.

Last year, an eighth grader in Foshan City vented his frustration by hacking the website of the local education department and leaving a message: "Dear leaders, haven't you promised less homework? Does the school want to torture us?" The deputy chief of the office said the allegations were "baseless". The 13-year-old hacker is "a computer nerd who spends too much time on his computer during the holidays and not doing his homework too much".

Research on the school system: education as we need it

"What kind of education do our children really need?" - that's what our readers wanted to know in the second round of Die Recherche. We try to answer this question with a series of articles.