Have you ever killed your own chicken

Eggs. From the chicken and its class subjects. Content

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1 From the chicken and his class Subjects Expertise NaWi / Biology Politics Religion Ethics German Interdisciplinary Projects Eggs Contents Facts about hens, roosters and chicks in egg production Independent research Advertising strategies Checking and questioning habits Change of perspective Moral evaluations Developing own activities Photos: left PETA, right Sebastian Karkus / pixelio.de

2 Beware of animals e. V. is committed to the fair treatment of animals in all areas of life. School wants to turn people into mature, democratically capable and responsible citizens who do not uncritically adopt traditional traditions. Schoolchildren should therefore not unconsciously get used to animal suffering. The modern image of man and respect for our fellow creatures require that people make a conscious decision about their own and society as a whole with animals on the basis of comprehensive information and self-critical reflection. Our teaching material is based on on extensive personal experience. We created it with the greatest possible care and after extensive research with the help of specialists from education and veterinary medicine. We look forward to constructive criticism. " From the chicken and its eggs «Why do chickens lay eggs? Some will say: So that we have eggs for breakfast, for cakes and for cooking. Others know that chickens lay eggs in order to procreate. Chicks hatch from the eggs and grow into chickens and roosters. Good to know! A domestic chicken lays eggs during one laying process. This is called a clutch. When we take eggs away from the chicken, it keeps adding eggs because it wants to complete its clutch. It incubates for at least 21 days. Wild chickens, such as the bankiva chicken, lay an average of only 20 eggs a year. In the case of chickens that humans have bred especially for laying eggs, there are approx. 300! Shortly before laying, the hen becomes restless, paces back and forth and cackles a lot. Finally she moves away from the group, Photo: M.E. / pixelio.de, often accompanied by the rooster. She looks for a sheltered place under bushes or between stones for her nest. There she digs a little hollow, sits down in it and picks up stalks and similar materials with which she builds her nest. Then she lays her eggs in there. In the next 20 days, the hen only moves away from the nest for a short time. She turns her eggs regularly. We now know that chickens cackle, sing or crow together in around 30 different ways. A chick already makes voice contact with the mother in the egg, the day before it hatches. The chicks are already talking through the eggshell and waiting for each other to hatch together. As soon as the chicks hatch they are attuned to the mother hen. This is also called imprinting. They just run after her and not any other mother hen. The 2 photo: Ailie / pixelio.de

3 Mother shows her chicks what to be afraid of. She teaches them what to eat, such as: B. by picking up certain grains repeatedly and dropping them until the chicks peck for them themselves. Pawing and beaking to get rid of sticky leftover food are also learned. After about 8 weeks, the young chickens separate from the mother. Later as adults, around six months old, they have to fight for a place in the ranking. Life in a group is important to them; they do everything together. They like to bathe in the sand to keep their feathers clean or to stretch out in the sun. At night they sleep in trees that they climb up because they feel safe there. Photo: Joujou / pixelio.de What does laying hen keeping mean? Most chickens do not live freely. Do you know what conditions live chickens that lay the eggs that we humans eat? A reference to the keeping is an abbreviation on the egg carton. If you only have the egg in front of you, you can also look at the stamp. There you read z. B. 2-DE The letters stand for the country the eggs come from DE stands for Germany. The long number at the back identifies the state, the company and its stables. The first number is important, it describes how the hens are kept. There is organic farming, free-range farming, free-range farming and cage farming. (It could be counted from 0-3: All who counted 0 write down how they imagine organic farming, all those who counted 1 write down how they imagined free-range farming and so on. Then some read aloud, the others add.) Photo: PETA (0) stands for organic farming. Organic farms have to comply with stricter regulations than other farms. The chickens have more space in the barn and a run, their feed has to be produced organically. In addition, fewer drugs are used in organic farming, such as B. antibiotics used. What the chickens eat also ends up in their eggs and ultimately in the bodies of the people who eat eggs. In free-range husbandry (1) the animals are given a similar amount of exercise, but the other rules for keeping are less strict. The floor housing (2) is tight, each animal has a space of 1100 cm², that is about 2 A4 sheets of paper. The animals are given the least amount of space in cage keeping (3). Depending on the weight, cm² per chicken are provided in the cage, which is only about 1.5 A4 sheets of paper. Many chickens live even closer together in laying batteries, 3

4 although this is forbidden in Germany. Cage husbandry has been called small group or small aviary husbandry for some time. Chickens can run very quickly, and they can also lie. But neither in the barn or in the cage they can act out this behavior, although they would like to do it. Up to 60 animals live in a cage. Part of the area is darkened. The chickens are supposed to lay their eggs there. There are two poles and a sand mat for the 60 birds. Those who have managed to get a seat are pushed and disturbed by others. If you are afraid or weak, you can often only sit on grid floors. Even the sand mat is too small for so many chickens. It is easily covered with feces and scratched. Because the animals have to live cramped and don't keep a distance from one another Photo: PETA, they get angry and hack each other. The compulsion to injure conspecifics is also innate in some animals and caused by breeding. The laying of eggs and the stress exert such stress on the animals that they do not live to be years old like normal chickens. Eggs have a lime shell. As a result of the mass production of eggs, the bones of the chickens can lose too much lime and break. In some chickens, the eggs get stuck in their ovaries and the animals are in great pain. This is called laying trouble. Many get sick after just a few months. The animals are killed when they are around one year old because their number of eggs then begins to decrease and the treatment of their diseases would cost too much money. We humans consume a lot of eggs, and they should cost little. The less space the animals have and the more eggs they lay in the shortest possible time, the cheaper it is to keep them and the cheaper their eggs can be. That is why most of the chickens are kept in cages. In many sweets such as chocolate kisses, cookies, cakes, but also z. Eg in noodles eggs are processed. Unless otherwise stated on the packaging, these are caged eggs. Eggs are also often found in cooked dishes. Good to know: the little roosters In agriculture there are certain breeds of chickens whose meat is eaten and other breeds of chickens whose eggs are eaten. The chickens whose meat you want to eat grow extremely quickly, but they don't lay many eggs. The chickens that are kept for their eggs, on the other hand, grow much slower, but start laying eggs very early and lay one egg almost every day. Photo: Animal Equality The many millions of eggs that Germans eat every day require many hens to lay these eggs. Of course, no chicks can hatch from the eggs that the 4 people eat. But so that there are always enough hens that lay eggs,

5 these must be specially bred. So producing eggs and raising hens to lay those eggs are two different processes. Hens and roosters hatch in roughly equal proportions from chicken eggs. Of course, only the hens can lay eggs. Do you know what happens to the male chicks of the hens that are raised to lay eggs? die by being chopped into small pieces. The fact that the roosters are killed in agony and en masse is a reason for many people not to eat eggs even if the chickens were kept organic. Because even in organic farming, male chicks are usually killed by hens that are supposed to lay eggs. It is not worth feeding, raising, slaughtering and eating them because they rarely put on meat to eat. These are chicken breeds that are bred to lay a particularly large number of eggs. That is why the male chicks are treated like waste. After hatching, they are sorted out. On conveyor belts, they slide to large bins, fall into them and are killed by gas. Or you dump them into a chopping system in which they Photo: Timo Klostermeier / pixelio.de Work suggestions On the information in: Good to know! Individual tasks: 1. Collect in bullet points what chicks can learn from their mother if they can move freely and behave naturally. What else is part of normal chicken behavior? Complete your key points with the help of the internet, articles in books or encyclopedias. 2. Draw a picture depicting the natural behavior of chickens. About the information in: What does laying hen husbandry mean? Group, partner or individual tasks: 3. Search the Internet for descriptions or pictures of cages or small aviaries, e.g. B. at SWR.de or topagrar.com 4. Stand for a few minutes with bare feet on a grate, e.g. B. the grid over a basement window shaft. How are you doing How do the chickens fare that, in the worst case, have to stand like this all their lives? 5. Now look at what you wrote about how chickens are kept busy in the wild. Think about what the animals in the cage can do and cross out in red what the animals cannot do there. What is left? 6. Is keeping in cages appropriate for the species? Please substantiate your decision. 5

6 7. What do you think: Why are people now talking about small groups or small aviaries instead of cows, even though they are clearly cages? First talk to your neighbor and then discuss your answers in class. Group task: 8. Use sticks or pens to put a square on the floor (you can also mask it with masking tape) that is approx. 1.40 mx 1.40 m in size. There are ten of you squatting down there. Now you have about as much space as chickens in the cage. Imagine that you are chickens and want to stretch your wings, eat, lie and run. One of you would like to go from the Kä grand at the back left to the water ash at the front right. You will surely have more ideas about what chickens do and what you can try out. How do you feel about it? Group, partner or individual task: 9. In Germany, around 218 eggs are eaten per inhabitant and year (deutsche-eier.info/das-ei/eiermarkt/,). Find foods that you eat frequently in the grocery store. Look at the ingredient lists and write down which foods contain eggs. See if you could eat similar things without eggs instead. Task: 10. Talk through lunch with your parents for a week. For which dishes are eggs used? Consider eating similar things without eggs instead. About the information in: Good to know: The little cocks 11. The German Animal Welfare Act allows people to inflict suffering on animals or to kill them if they have a reasonable reason to do so. According to another very important law, the Basic Law, we should respect animals as our fellow creatures and protect their lives and well-being. A court in North Rhine-Westphalia ruled on on that the operators of hatcheries could not be expected to incur the costs of rearing male chicks. That is a reasonable reason to kill the chicks. a. What could animal welfare associations have to object to? b. Imagine if your neighbor had a cat who had an allergy. She therefore needs very special medication. It is too expensive for him. So he kills the cat and buys a new one. What would you think of it? Do we treat chicks and cats differently? If yes why? c. Despite our Animal Welfare Act, it appears that making money is given more weight than the life and wellbeing of animals. What do you think is more important and why? 12. Inquire at farms that keep chickens en masse if you can visit them there. Prepares questions, e.g. B: What kind of chicken farming is it? How old do the chickens get and how exactly are they killed? How were the male siblings of the chickens treated? 6th

7 What can we do? Eating fewer eggs over time leads to fewer chickens suffering for egg production and fewer small roosters being killed. We can live healthy without eggs, which many people do. Whoever wants to eat eggs should find out exactly how the hens and roosters live or die and only then decide whether he / she wants to eat eggs. Look at the packaging of groceries. Try out how B. Tasty noodles without eggs! You can make sure that candy does not contain eggs. Biscuits and cakes, pancakes and potato pancakes can be made without eggs or with egg substitutes, e.g. B. Bake soy flour. Talk to other people about the life of the chickens and the killing of the roosters. In this way you help them to think about whether and which eggs they want to eat! Ask your parents where your eggs come from. When you go out to eat, ask in the restaurant whether the eggs are organic or free-range. What You Can Do Together: Draw outdoor chickens that can do all the things chickens want to do. Next to it, draws chickens in cages or on the floor. Write in speech bubbles how the chickens are feeling or what they may wish for. You can also make both well out of paper mache. Draw up a poster that is large and easy to read about what each of us can do to keep the chickens well. Now you have a nice exhibition together, with which you can show other people what it means for chickens that we want to eat their eggs. We look forward to photos or copies of your work. We post the best results on our homepage. Suitable films on the subject: Frau Hahn's chicken - From the cage to freedom A hen that was locked in a battery for six months was given freedom by the filmmaker Otto Hahn's wife. Little by little, the animal returned to numerous activities that are reminiscent of the wild ancestral form of the domestic chicken, the bankiva chicken: looking for nesting sites, building nests, scratching, dust bathing. In the cage, these behavior patterns were violently suppressed. This is shown in the first four minutes of the film, in which the life of chickens in a battery is described. lmeonline.php? series = 85 & lm = 755 () What do chickens need to be happy? And how do you recognize eggs from happy chickens? Gabi goes to a chicken farm for Fribo's discovery box and asks about it. Report from a free range, but a lot of animals and surroundings not optimal. Hen and chicks Short sequence of a hen leading her chicks in the open. () Sources: Behavioral observations when keeping laying hens in small groups (LSL), dissertation by Monika Maleika Telle 2011 at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich (p. 12 feather pecking; p. 15 cloak pecking). / Obligatory labeling / product-related labeling regulations / texts / egg labeling. html (clock) (clock) 7

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