Can an Indian adopt a European child
Adoption abroad - what are the requirements?
Every seventh partnership in Germany involuntarily remains childless. For many couples, adoption from abroad is an alternative to domestic adoption - for a variety of reasons. But what requirements must future adoptive parents meet when adopting abroad? How does it work and what are the costs? This article answers the most important questions about adoption abroad.
These reasons speak in favor of an international adoption
Various aspects come into play in an international adoption. On the one hand, domestic adoption often takes significantly longer than the adoption of a child from abroad, and on the other hand, many couples see the chance of securing a good future for a child who is disadvantaged in their home country.
Requirements for adoption abroad
Anyone wishing to adopt a child abroad must have unlimited legal capacity and be at least 25 years old. In the case of joint adoption by a married couple, one of the spouses must be at least 25 years old and the other at least 21 years old. The law does not have an upper limit for adoption, but the chances of adopting a child decrease with age.
Basically, married couples can only adopt a child together. However, in the context of a stepchild adoption, one spouse can adopt the child of the other spouse alone. However, what is known as successive adoption, in which a child is first adopted by one spouse and later by the other spouse, is not permitted.
How does an international adoption work and how long does it take?
The procedure for an adoption abroad is different - depending on the placement agency and the child's country of origin - and usually takes 1.5 to 2 years.
Usually, the future adoptive parents first contact a recognized placement agency abroad or a central adoption office of the State Youth Welfare Office. Then the applicants are checked for their suitability. The aptitude test includes the following points:
The motivation to adopt as well as the ability to get involved with a strange child are examined. The readiness to inform the child about his or her parentage and to deal openly with the previous history are also subject of the aptitude test.
The partnership stability
The aptitude test includes a review of the stability of the partnership with regard to the common basis of the parents as well as the constructive handling of conflicts.
The future adoptive parents must be healthy and not have any psychological or psychosomatic restrictions. Illnesses that make it much more difficult for parents to look after the child are also an exclusion criterion.
Housing situation and economic conditions
The available living space of the adoptive parents must be large enough to allow the child to retreat. In addition, there should be contact with other children in the living environment.
The financial situation of the adoptive parents is also the subject of the aptitude test. You have to provide evidence that your adopted child can grow up in an economically stable situation.
If the adoption agency considers the applicant to be suitable, it writes a report, which is referred to as a suitability report or "Home Study Report". This report is sent to the Central Adoption Office (ZAS for short). The future adoptive parents will then receive an invitation to an interview and a preparatory seminar. Finally, all documents are sent to the competent authority in the country from which a child is to be adopted.
Now the responsible authorities in the country of origin propose a child who is in need of adoption, who is checked by the placement office in Germany. The future adoptive parents then travel to the child's country of origin to get to know the child and to agree on the adoption. Back in Germany, the adoption must be officially recognized by a competent court.
Adoption abroad: These documents are required
For the required aptitude test by the youth welfare office, applicants must submit the following documents:
- Marriage or divorce certificate
- Birth certificates or family book
- Passport copies
- Proof of income and assets
- criminal record certificate
- Health certificate or a medical certificate from the family doctor
- Authentication and over-authentication of documents by the medical association, notary's office, regional court and regional council
How much does an adoption abroad cost?
There are fees for an international adoption. These consist of:
- the fees for the inspection by the youth welfare office (1,200 euros)
- the fees for placement by a central adoption office (800 euros)
together. In addition, there are the fees due in the country of origin, any translation costs as well as travel and document costs.
If the international adoption is carried out by a recognized foreign placement agency, the amount of the costs is based on the placement contract concluded between the independent institution and the adoption applicant couple. In principle, these additional costs should not be underestimated and can ultimately amount to several thousand euros.
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