Which is the largest port in Europe
Largest ports in Europe
When the first trade made its way through Europe in the 15th century, no one expected it to develop into a multi-billion dollar industry that would serve as the backbone of the world economy.
The Portuguese expeditions of the 15th century were the first to bring European ships into regular contact with sub-Saharan Africa. The first steps were taken by Portugal and Spain, whose seafarers, sponsored and controlled by their governments, ushered in a great era of geographic discovery. Since then, trade has been exploited, and today Europe is one of the major hubs for trade, import and export of goods to and from countries around the world.
Since the advent of trade in Europe to this day, several seaports have been built to take advantage of international trade. The international shipping industry alone accounts for 90% of world trade. This is largely due to the affordability, efficiency and ease with which thousands of shipping containers can be carried at the same time. Even with the disadvantage of longer transit times, ocean shipping is still the preferred and cheapest mode of transport for moving large-volume goods and heavy loads such as machinery, crude oil, ores, building materials, etc.
In the following article we introduce the largest ports in Europe that facilitate international trade.
Port of Rotterdam
The port of Rotterdam is located in the city of Rotterdam in the Netherlands and is the largest seaport in Europe. It is located on the North Sea in the Rhine-Maas Delta. In addition to its size, it is the most important port in Europe. What distinguishes this port from other ports in the North Sea is its accessibility even for large ships due to the possible draft of 24 meters. It was the busiest port in the world until 2004, when it was overtaken by Singapore and then Shanghai. In 2017, Rotterdam was the tenth largest port in the world in terms of annual loading tonnage and the eleventh largest in terms of container throughput of 20 ft equivalent. It covers an area of 105 km.
Port of Antwerp
The port of Antwerp is located in the heart of Europe in Flanders (Belgium). It is located in one of the best locations in the middle of Europe, which makes it easily accessible from all other ports. It is the second largest seaport in Europe after Rotterdam and the fastest growing port in northwestern Europe. It covers an area of 13,000 hectares. In 2012 he handled 14,220 ships and 57,044 inland vessels. In 2016, 10 million twenty-foot equivalent freight containers were handled. This port employs more than 100,000 people.
Port of Hamburg
The port of Hamburg, often referred to as the gateway to the world, is the largest port in Germany. It was founded in 1189. It is known to handle 12 million twenty-foot containers every year. In 2014 around 9.73 million twenty-foot containers were handled here. It covers an area of 73.99 km². The terminals are equipped with integrated rail terminals that enable the intermodal transport of containers after they have been unloaded from the ships.
The port of Bremerhaven, located in Germany, is the sixteenth largest port in the world and fourth in Europe. According to the data, 4.9 million TEU were handled in 2007 and 5.5 million TEU in 2015. It lies on the banks of the Weser, which opens up to the North Sea. It is one of the leading transshipment centers for intermodal transport in German imports and exports. Due to its exceptional location and its accessibility for different countries, the city has developed into one of the largest tourist and trade hubs.
Port of Algeciras
It is the largest port in Spain and the 7th busiest container port in Europe and one of the largest ports in Europe. It is also known as one of the largest automobile traffic hubs in the world. It covers an area of 68 hectares and has 10 km of quays in different basins. In 2010 it exceeded 70 million tons in total traffic, with more than 2.8 million containers being handled. Around 5.5 million twenty-foot containers were handled in 2016, even more than in the port of Valencia.
It is one of the largest Mediterranean ports and the fifth busiest seaport in Europe. It is located in Spain and has a total storage area of 1.2 km². In 2010 4.2 million TEU and in 2019 5.4 million TEU were handled and around 81 million tons of freight were transported. With such a large volume, it ranks second in annual freight traffic in Spain after the port of Algeciras.
It is also known for its high number of employees. There are more than 15,000 employees who provide services to more than 7,500 ships each year.
The port of Havre is the second largest port in the French city of Le Havre. Construction of the port began in 1517 when the city of Le Havre was founded. Today it ranks second due to its total annual tonnage. It was built to handle goods and is now the largest container seaport with three terminal groups - Terminal de France, Terminal Porte Ocean (TPO) and the TNMSC terminal. It is designed to accommodate cruise ships of all sizes. Le Havre marina accepts boats 24/7 without tidal exposure. In 2018, 3 million TEU were handled here.
Port of Trieste
The port of Trieste, a port on the Adriatic Sea in Italy, is an international hub that offers a route both by sea and by land. It is divided into five different areas, three of which are used for commercial activities and two for industrial activities. The port is mainly used by the Eastern and Central European markets. It also has a railway network that connects it to national and international network routes. In 2017, almost 1 million TEU freight containers will be handled in the port. He has received the status of a free port.
Port of Gioia Tauro
The port of Gioia Tauro is the largest container port in Italy and ranks ninth in Europe. It is located near the northern city of Reggio Calabria in southern Italy. It is located on one of the busiest sea corridors in the world (the route between Suez and Gibraltar). It benefits from its water depth of 18 meters and, with a length of 3.4 kilometers, offers one of the longest quays in the Mediterranean. In 2008 around 3 million containers in the twenty-foot equivalent were handled there.
So far we have talked about the ten largest seaports in Europe. In our previous article we talked about the 10 busiest seaports in the world. I hope the information given above has been helpful. The dates may change from time to time as the ranking & position of the ports are constantly changing, but we will try to keep the article updated every time.
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