How many countries ruled Indonesia?

Country info: Indonesia

Indonesia - interesting information for children from 3.-6. School year about country and people, geography, rainforest, Jakarta, batik, child labor, the largest gold mine in the world, the 2004 tsunami and much more.

geography

Indonesia is in South East Asia. The country is 1.9 million km² in size - 93,000 km² consist of water, 1.8 million km² of land. In comparison: Germany has an area of ​​only 360,000 km², it would fit more than 5 times in Indonesia.

Indonesia is that largest island nation in the world. The country consists of over 17,500 islands, of which only about 6,000 are inhabited. The many islands are located exactly between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The largest islands are called Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi and New Guinea. Indonesia is divided into three islands each with a different country:

  • Borneo with the state Malaysia
  • New Guinea with the state Papua New Guinea
  • Timor with the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (East Timor)

The highest mountain is the Puncak Jaya at 5,030 m; it is the highest mountain on an island in the world. Incidentally, there are in Indonesia most of the volcanoesof the world.

Capital

The capital Jakarta is the largest city in Indonesia and the largest city in Southeast Asia. It is on the island of Java, average only 8 m above sea level. Live in Jakarta 10.7 million people. They have Malay, Arabic, Indian, Dutch or Chinese ancestry.
There are numerous universities, cathedrals and mosques, many markets, large department stores and shopping centers in the city. Taman Impian Jaya Ancol is that largest amusement park in Southeast Asia with an art market, open-air theater, swimming pool, bowling alley, golf course and an aquarium.
In 2004 the construction of the Jakarta Towers began. He should be 558 m high and thus the highest television and radio broadcasting tower in the world become. However, it never got this title - before its completion, the Tokyo Sky Tree was inaugurated in Japan - it is 634 meters high!

Sources: World Factbook 2020, Wikipedia

Residents

More than 267 million people (in Germany 83 million people) from 360 different ethnic groups live in Indonesia. That makes Indonesia the fourth largest state in the world.

Live in Indonesia more young than old people:

Agein Indonesiain Germany
0-14 years:24 of 100 people each13 of 100 people each
15-64 years:68 of 100 people each64 of 100 people each
older:8 of 100 people each23 of 100 people each

More than half of the population lives in cities.

Numbers: World Factbook 2020


Work | Poverty | Batik | Natural resources | Residents | Food | Money | Geography | History | Health | Capital | Climate | Country name | Life expectancy | Natural disasters | Rainforest | Religion | School | Language | Animals | Time | Volcanoes | economy

Indonesia from A to W

Labor / child labor

  • About half of all the people who have a job in Indonesia offer Services to: You work e.g. B. as a salesman, craftsman or in hotels and restaurants.
  • Almost every third Indonesian works in the Agriculture - there are z. B. rice, corn, cassava, cane sugar and sweet potatoes, tea and Grown rubber.
  • One in five works in industry.

Every ninth Indonesian is poor. Because the people in Indonesia are so poor, many parents also send their children to work.
Although the government is making efforts to reduce child labor in Indonesia around 2.4 million Children between 7 and 14 years of age Child labor affected. They collect rubbish, help with fishing, break stones in the quarry, ride rickshaws (a kind of bicycle taxi) or work as porters in the port.

Source: World Factbook 2016, Active Against Child Labor 2013


Kindernothilfe video: Child labor in a quarry (Indonesia)

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poverty

Every 9th Indonesian is very poor. There are also many in the major cities of Indonesia Slums. Slums are districts in which people have to live in dire conditions. Many only have tin huts. But children in particular often live in Indonesia too in the street and have no home at all.

Source: World Factbook 2016

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Batik

The batik technique was used in Indonesia invented. On September 30th, 2009 UNESCO approved "Indonesian Batik" as World Heritageexcellent.
The word batik comes from the Javanese word "Mbatik" = write with wax. Javanese is a dialect in Indonesia. With liquid wax, motifs are drawn on a piece of fabric. If you then dye the fabric, use the wax motifs no colour at.
In the past, only people from the upper class, especially aristocrats, were allowed to wear clothes made from batik fabrics. The Sultan of Yogyakarta did not allow all people to wear tie-dyed dresses until 1940. Still today certain patterns for certainOccasions - e.g. B. Weddings - reserved.

Source: Wikipedia

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Natural resources

Indonesia is one of the richest in natural resources Countries of the world! The Grasberg mine is that largest gold mine and the third largest copper mineof the world. It is located on the island of West Papua at an altitude of around 4,000 meters.
The company that operates the mine does not comply with environmental laws, it does poisons rivers and lakes. Around 230,000 tons of ore are preprocessed in the mine every day. Most of these ores remain as waste and are dumped into rivers. This is prohibited in all industrialized countries. The entire river below the mine and the rainforest that grows there have been massively damaged.
Large quantities of heavy metals found their way into the water and thus also onto the fields that the river inundated during floods. Even that Drinking water is partially contaminated. For the people who live here, it means the end of fishing, hunting and agriculture.

Source: Wikipedia, www.west-papua-netz.de

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eat

A staple food in Indonesia is rice. It has been grown on the island of Java for over 2000 years. Also are Fish and chicken very popular.
Ayam goreng is the name of the national dish, it means "fried chicken" and is prepared with many spices.

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money

The currency in Indonesia is called Rupiah. There are notes and coins. The smallest coin is 25 rupiah, the greatest appearance are 100,000 rupiah.

1 euro = 17,311 rupiah
10,000 rupiah = 0.57 euros

As of October 2020, Oanda currency converter

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history

Already 1.8 million years ago Human predecessors live on the island of Java.

To1500 ADthere are different Kingdoms in Indonesia.

Between 1500 and 1600discover the Portuguese Indonesia and try to conquer the islands. Around 1600 land Dutch here. They want to take possession of Indonesia, because there are a lot of spices that grow here, with which you can trade well and earn a lot of money. Over time, they manage to rule the country for almost 350 years. At this time Indonesia was also known as the Dutch East Indies.

During the Second World War they occupied Japanese1942 Indonesia. The Dutch lose their rule over a large part of the country. 1945the Japanese have to return all conquered states because they lost World War II - they also lose some Indonesian islands. This makes Indonesia a independent state. 1949 the Dutch also give back to Indonesia the islands they still ruled over.

December 26, 2004 there is a severe seaquake with a magnitude of 9.1 off the island of Sumatra. It solves a gigantic one Tsunami in which 230,000 people die, around 165,000 of them in Indonesia alone.

Since 2004will the president elected directly by the people. Since 2014 is Joko Widodo President of Indonesia.

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health

87 out of 100 people have the chance clean drinking water to drink; in rural areas it is only 80 out of 100 people.
In rural areas every second Indonesian has no toilet and no sewers in his home. This is why germs and bacteria can multiply particularly quickly and often lead to severe diarrhea in people. In Indonesia, many people become infected with infectious diseases, e. B. with malaria. You get a high fever and can die from it. Almost every 5th child is malnourishedSo it weighs too little for its age. This is because the children cannot eat enough and sometimes because they are sick and not receiving treatment.
There are only 4 doctors for around 10,000 people in Indonesia - in Germany there are 42 doctors for 10,000 people.

Source: World Factbook 2015, 2013, 2017

Kindernothilfe

We support in Indonesia 2,200 children in 5 projects. We are since 1970 active in this country. One focus of our work are projects for street children and child workers. According to the law, children in Indonesia have to go to school, but because the families are poor, many girls and boys have to work alongside school in exploitative conditions. We work closely with parents, employers and school authorities so that children don't have to toil and get a good education. In the big cities like Jakarta and Medan there are many street children who come from all over the country. Our Indonesian partner organizations give these children special school lessons and help them to be able to live with families again.

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climate

In Indonesia there is "tropical climate. You will find such a climate in the zoo, for example. B. in the crocodile enclosure. The lasts from June to Septemberhot dry season with little rain and from December to March there is one hot and humid rainy season.

The current weather report for Indonesia

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Country name

The name is Indonesia from twoWords emerged:
Indo: comes from the Greek and means "India"
Nesos: means "island" in Greek
So it's called Indonesia "Indian Islands". Incidentally, the name was invented by an American officer.

Source: Wikipedia, http://www.everyculture.com/Ge-It/Indonesia.html

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Life expectancy

Life expectancy for Indonesians is around 73 years (in Germany it is 81 years). Life expectancy means that if an Indonesian child is born now, it has the chance to live to be 73 years old. However, die in Indonesia in a year 20 out of 1,000 childrenbefore they even turn 1 year old (in Germany: 3 out of 1,000).

Source: World Factbook 2020

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Natural disasters

In Indonesia there are always earthquakes or seaquakes (earthquakes in the sea) - some examples:

  • At the December 26, 2004 there is a difficult one in the Indian Ocean Seaquake, the one devastating Tsunami triggers. At least 228,000 people were killed in Indonesia by the tsunami.
  • At the May 26, 2006 die with a severe one earthquake around 6,000 people on the island of Java.
  • At the 30. September2009 there is a strong undersea Seaquake (Strength 7.6) off the island of Sumatra. Several hundred people are killed.
  • At the April 11, 2012 shakes a very heavy one earthquake the seabed off North Sumatra (magnitude 8.6). It can be felt in Sumatra, Singapore, Thailand, southern India and Sri Lanka. Numerous aftershocks follow, including one magnitude 8.2. It has been since 1900 for the first time in the worldthat in a day two tremors of strength 8 or more occur. There will be further aftershocks, some of them severe, in the following days and weeks.

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Rainforest

Incidentally, they are also growing in Indonesia rainforests- so also in Indonesia. The rainforest here is even one of the largest in the world. Unfortunately this rainforest is threatened - from humans! Because many companies drop the trees because they want to sell the wood. But too many trees are felled too quickly and no new ones are planted. Therefore, people who want to protect the forests fear that it will be in ten years almost no rainforest in Indonesia will give more.
The deforestation, i.e. the felling of trees, is also bad for the many animals in the rainforest, because it is their home.

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religion

Out of every 100 Indonesians: 87 Muslims, 10 Christians, 2 Hindus and 1 follower of another religious community.

Source: World Factbook, latest 2010 figures

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school

Only 95 out of 100 children enrolled in school stay until they complete the Primary school. The others drop out of school beforehand.
A secondary school attend only 57 out of 100 children, because these schools are sometimes only available in larger cities - there the girls and boys would have to live in student dormitories and poor families cannot afford that. But many children also have to work and therefore cannot go to school.
Out of 100 Indonesians over the age of 15, 95 Read and write.

Source: United Nations 2008-2012, 2015

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language

The official language in Indonesia is "Bahasa Indonesia" - Indonesian. But there is still many other languagesspoken in Indonesia e.g. B. English, Dutch and many local dialects like Javanese, Sudanese and Batak.

Source: Wikipedia

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Animals

Many animals live in Indonesia. Some of them are among the threatened species. These are animals of which there are only a few left in the world. One of those animals is the orangutan. Means orangutan "Forest Man", and that suits him, because he mainly lives in the jungle on the island of Sumatra. He is threatened because the people in the Rainforest fell a lot of trees and so maybe soon he will no longer have a home.
Another rare animal is that tiger. There are two very rare tigers in Indonesia: the Sumatran tiger and the Java tiger. In addition, in Indonesia z. B. Komodo dragons, dwarf buffalo, hammerhouses, birds of paradise, parrots, rhinos, freshwater dolphins.
In March 2012, an American researcher found a jet black one on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi Monster wasp discovered - it is five times the size of a normal wasp! A male wasp can grow up to 6 centimeters!

Source: Wikipedia, German Press Agency

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Time

In Germany it is always the same late. If it is noon in Munich, it is also noon in Berlin. It's different in Indonesia. The country is in 3 time zones divided up. That means that it is in the same country in different places too different times gives.

There are three zones:

  • West Indonesian Time: six hours further than in Germany (five in summer) - 12 noon in Germany = 6 p.m. in western Indonesia
  • Central Indonesian Time: seven hours further than in Germany (six in the summer) - 12 noon in Germany = 7 p.m. in central Indonesia
  • East Indonesian Time: eight hours further than in Germany (seven in the summer) - 12 noon in Germany = 8 p.m. in East Indonesia

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Volcanoes

Indonesia has more volcanoes than any other country in the world, of which are more than 70 still active. On the island of Java is the highest volcano: Semeru (3,676 m). Its crater is around 500 meters in diameter. It is considered to be one of the most beautiful, but also most dangerous volcanoes in the world. It has erupted more than 50 times since 1800.

Webcam: View of the Sinabung volcano

The Sinabung on the island of Sumatra erupted again in August 2020.

Source: Wikipedia

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economy

In Indonesia z. B. rice, Corn, cassava, cane sugar and sweet potatoes, tea and rubber grown. The harvest from the large plantations is also sold to other countries. This is called exporting.

In order to earn money, Indonesia also sells other raw materials abroad - e.g. B. gold, Copper, coal, wood and cloth. Selling is particularly important Natural gas, because there is a lot of it on the islands.
Indonesia is also involved Palm oil. It is used for many things around the world, such as: B. for Laundry detergent, soap, frozen pizza and candy. It comes from special oil palms. In order to make room for the cultivation of these oil palms, many other trees are felled in the jungle. Many companies e.g. B. in Europe are therefore trying to buy less palm oil so that Indonesia does not cut down as much rainforest.
But Indonesia also earns a lot of money Touristswho want to see the volcanoes or go on a beach holiday. By the way, many holidaymakers go to Indonesia because they can surf the beaches particularly well.

Source: World Factbook 2012, Wikipedia

Category: Country information, knowledge Tags: batik, mineral resources, inhabitants, earthquake, money, geography, gold, gold mine, capital, Indonesia, island, island nation, Jakarta, child labor, climate, country information, natural disasters, orangutan, rainforest, rice, religion , Rupiah, languages, animals, tsunami, currency, weather