What does the flag of the rising sun symbolize

The sun#

of Peter Diem

Sunset on Patmos - Photo: P. Diem

That the sun is that Primordial symbol par excellence is, there can hardly be any doubt about it, as all life on our planet emanates from it purely energetically. The sun therefore has a fundamentally positive cast, which heraldically expresses itself either through a ruling claim or the pursuit of freedom and happiness. A few examples should make this clear:

- The Empire Japan has been running this since 1854 due to a centuries-old tradition Sun-Mon, the red disk of the sun on a white background (Mon is the name for the hereditary coat of arms of Japan, where its own heraldry exists).

- China (Taiwan) uses the twelve-pointed white sun of the Kuomintang dynasty as a flag and coat of arms image.

- In France was the reign of Louis XIV (1643-1715), the "Sun King", entirely under the motto of the sun.

The other - diametrically opposite! - The sun takes on importance in the Latin American area where it is a universal symbol of freedom. In the South American coats of arms, the sun (Ecuador, Argentina, etc.) therefore vies with the Star of Freedom (Cuba, Chile, etc.), with the red freedom cap (Jacobin cap, Phrygian cap) occasionally being added as a third symbol of freedom and independence from Spain. The same is true for the Philippines, where the eight-pointed sun is specifically referred to as a symbol of freedom.

The sun is also from the international labor movement regarded as an important symbol of freedom.

J. Seiter (ibid., 53 ff.) points to the deep roots of the solar symbolism, which initially consist in the identification of light with the good, the immaterial and the divine. The light and the sun are also central symbols of the Enlightenment, signs of liberation from spiritual and material fetters. In its pictorial language, socialism initially adopted the "light of freedom" coming from above - expressed primarily by the burning torch - in order to later use the stylized "morning sun", often with slogans, as a symbol of the future. The semicircular, rising sun as a sign of hope for better conditions differs significantly from the later added sun sign, the swastika, set in the full disk: while the semicircular, rising, yellow-orange-red, still barely warming sun, whose rays thin out in the distance , with a certain modesty symbolizing the path more than the goal, more the process than its completion, the glistening white full disc with the "rotating" black sun sign expresses more the end point of a development, the achieved goal and thus its immodest, totalitarian claim to power. The rather contemplative socialist utopia of a new society that had to be shaped by oneself was thus hurled against the more dynamic National Socialist promise of an already shaped or immediately "swirling in" new order - viewed in this way is the defection of many members of the working class to the National Sociali smus can also be explained in terms of symbolic psychology: Work and bread now, not just in a bright morning ...

The sun also played in the communist sphere of influence a major role. It appeared in the Soviet coat of arms and in the great majority of the coats of arms of the former Soviet republics.

in the Soviet coat of arms the sun stepped in a kind of "heraldic overkill" - together with the globe, five-pointed star, hammer and sickle and the multilingual motto "Proletarians of all countries, unite!" - on. With this variety of symbols the claim as well as the - as we know today, futile - hope for a worldwide spread of communism should be expressed.

Anti-nuclear symbol

According to an article in the Frankfurter Rundschau on November 5, 2010, the anti-nuclear power plant symbol was "Woman with a laughing sun" from the Dane Anne Lund invented. In 1975, the then 21-year-old business student scribbled the sun mark on a piece of paper on a kitchen table in Aarhus, Denmark. The woman, who is now 57, holds a degree in economics and teaches management structures at a university of applied sciences, was a member of the local group of the OOA, the "Organization for Nuclear Power Education", as the Danish anti-nuclear activists called themselves. Anne and her colleague Søren Lisberg should organize a meeting. The electricity companies put pressure on them; Denmark should get nuclear power plants. Anne had been to Sweden and had seen the methods of the opponents of nuclear power there: one poster with a clenched fist, another with a pregnant woman threatened by neutron signs. “Strong symbols. But we wanted something more positive. ”She believed in nonviolence, not scare tactics.