How do people make a good speech
12 ways to start a speech and get attention
Do you just want to rely on your luck?
Twelve possibilitiesto start a speech and the To attract attention.
„The first impression is crucial and the last one lasts. ” Many speakers pay too little attention to this motto. The introduction and the greeting in particular can and should achieve a special attention value in the listener. Especially when introducing and greeting a speech, the listener almost instinctively decides whether or not they will continue to follow your speech or lecture with interest.
In order to present it as practically as possible, we assume that you will give a speech on the subject of “The value of volunteering as civic engagement”. You can of course adapt the examples for the greeting for a speech to your topic.
What opening options are there?
1. The serious introduction:
Nine out of ten speeches and lectures begin with serious statements. It's the easiest and most common method. However, a good rhetorical presentation differs precisely from this usual beginning. Only in a few cases (e.g. funeral speech) is this still the best form of introduction.
Example: “Germany is a real country of commitment in Europe. Almost every third person is active in an association, a citizens' initiative, an action group or a tradition. Voluntary, committed, emotional. Whether bowling club or parents' initiative, whether party or district beautification club, the country lives from the commitment of its citizens. "
2. The humorous introduction:
This method very often helps break the ice. Even factual topics can be loosened up in this way. With certain topics, a pinch of black humor also promises resounding success.
Example: “Whether bachelors or old men, bowlers or climbers, whether opponents of nuclear power or nature conservationists, Germans are only really themselves in a club, where they are well organized and in good hands. That is why German association law has more words than human rights. "
3. The introduction of the lecture with a quote:
Not only at the beginning, but also during a speech or presentation, you usually achieve a high attention value with a quote. Be careful, however, that the quote doesn't seem too out of context.
Example: “Oscar Wilde is not always easy to understand. What does he mean when he says: ‘I never want to belong to a club that accepts guys like me.’ "
4. The introduction with a rhyme:
A very difficult form of introduction because you want to rhyme your own thoughts. No wonder if such two- or four-line lines stay in the audience's memory for a long time.
Example: "In a club, in a club, people don't like to be alone."
5. The historical introduction:
This form is reminiscent of the structure of an essay during school days. The introduction of the lecture focuses on the past (what was), the main part on the present (what is) and the final part on the future (what will be). Overall, a historical review - besides the serious beginning - will not go down as well as the other possibilities shown.
Example: "Whether guilds or sects, whether country teams or associations, whether student associations or festival committees, since the Middle Ages, people have endeavored to actively connect with their own kind, to form associations, to celebrate and celebrate community."
6. The introduction with the personal experience:
At the beginning of your lecture or presentation, you tell a personal experience that fits the given topic. However, it is important that this story be true to the facts. Otherwise there is a risk that every listener will quickly realize that you just wanted to give an excellent introduction.
Example: “As many of you know, I have been a member of FC Köln since I was a child. And believe me, in this community I have experienced heaven and hell and everything in between over the past few decades. The commitment to top-class sport, as it were, as a school for life. "
7. The introduction with a current event:
It is always an advantage if you can provide an up-to-date reference for your statements. Almost every subject matter can be better introduced with up-to-date information or a message.
Example: “As you all know, not only do we have fewer and fewer believers in our parish, but also fewer and fewer pastors. That calls us laypeople onto the scene, we see that we are needed, we see where gaps are opening up and we have an inkling of where and how we can close them. "
8. The introduction with a starting point:
It is the only form of introduction that you cannot specify in advance on your catchword slip. You begin your presentation with a fact that occurred to you just before you started. For example, they are linked to the choice of location, the number of people and the weather. You can, for example, build on the words of the previous speaker.
Example: “I can promise you one thing: We will not part here today without having celebrated a few people. For years of their work, for their constant activity for our community, for their persistent commitment, for their being for us. "
9. The introduction with a rhetorical question:
It is one of the most elegant ways to start a speech or lecture. Do not expect an answer to the rhetorical question. In the following sentence you answer your question yourself. The rhetorical question is also an excellent means of attracting the audience's attention.
Example: “What kind of republic would it be, ladies and gentlemen, if every fellow citizen were committed to a task, whether in the churches or trade unions, whether in sport or environmental protection, in maintaining tradition or in customs, if everyone had this one Thing he would work for out of sheer enthusiasm? "
The rhetorical question is a classic rhetorical device and is widely used in practice.
10. The provocative introduction:
We strongly advise against provoking the audience themselves. Once the audience has built up a field of antipathy against you, the best speech in terms of content will not bring you the success you want. You should not bring even a provocative thesis in the form of a statement, but in the form of a question.
Example: “Do you actually know the material value of our voluntary work, what our animal welfare work saves the state every year? Our work has a material value in the three-digit million range, I would just like to calculate that for you. "
11. The contra attitude:
This beginning has a great surprise effect on the listener. For example, when giving a lecture on the “advantages of seat belts” you can name the disadvantages of seat belts in advance.
Example: "’ Sport is murder ’, said Churchill, and he may be a little right in 260 serious skiing accidents a year. But anyone who took part in the Zwingli downhill run in February, who was there at our Zermatt ski hiking week, remembers blissful moments in the whole white forest winter splendor, who knows: ‘Here I am person, here I can be.’ "
12. The introduction and greeting with a listener's compliments:
A consistently successful method to create a positive mood in the audience. This hugging tactic (called “captatio benevolentiae”) was used in earlier centuries.
Example: “Because you are so active, the passive safety is so great. Because you are already at the hot spots of the traffic in the morning, no student was harmed in the past year. Not only are you the best student guides in this place, you are real life heroes too. I thank you for that. "
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