What caused the dark age

The dark centuries


These centuries are called “dark” mainly because we hardly know anything about them, which in turn is caused by the fact that, apart from a few pottery products, almost no permanent remains have been preserved. This period can also be determined by the written form: the last tables with linear B script date from the year 1200, the first alphabetical texts from the year 800. Various tribes have to be counted among the indigenous population of mainland Greece. These include above all the Ionians, a tribe that has always been seen in close association with the legendary Pelasgians. In the Homeric epics one finds the Achaians as the overall name of the Hellenes (which themselves do not appear in this work), next to them the Aeolians, who are said to have founded Corinth and in later times only survived as an ethnic group around the Elis. "Aeolian Minyans migrated first from Iolkos, then from Boeotia to western Messenia and Triphylia, while northern Elis and western Achaia were occupied by the Eifel from Aetolia." Between them, Phoenicians also sat on the Peloponnese, especially on the coasts, where they are likely Have established trading offices. The Greeks learned oriental ways of life and inventions from them at an early age.
After all, extensive research shows a certain penumbra around the black hole, so that at least for the years 1200-1050 one has more knowledge on the older and 800-750 on the younger side. The most important discovery of the post-war years in the older section is that the Mycenaean culture has continued to exist on a small flame for about 150 years since the attacks on the palaces, and trade connections with the Middle East did not break off, with Cyprus as the interface between cultures Gained importance. In some cases, the settlements of the old centers of power were rebuilt, some even increased in size, while others, such as Pylos in southwest Messinia, disappeared completely from the scene. It was not until the 11th century that some cultural elements changed so fundamentally that one has to speak of a real end to the Mycenaean age: Earth was replaced by cremation, a custom that is described in detail in the Iliad when the Patroclus's body is cremated, and the pottery changed its appearance to what is now called the protogeometric style. It is mainly characterized by wide horizontal bands and concentric circles and semicircles between the belly and neck of the vases - unlike in geometric ceramics, which is characterized by more complicated patterns and rows, the best known is the meander shape. The house construction completely renounced stones and returned to the simple wood construction. It is around this time that the famous Dorian hike starts nowadays.