Are Africans in Colombia

The Colombian people

The population of Colombia is made up of around 45 million people.

After Brazil, it is the most populous country in South America.

Due to its settlement history, the state of Colombia has a very diversified population structure. However, the country is characterized by a very unequal population distribution. About nine out of ten Colombians live in the Andean region or on the Caribbean coast, although these regions take up less than half of the country's area. The areas of Amazonia, Orinocia and the Chocó area, on the other hand, are sparsely populated, sometimes even unpopulated.

Due to the enormous rural exodus, 74% of Colombians now live in cities, the main centers being Bogotá (a good sixth of the population lives here), Cali and Medellín. In contrast, only 3% of the population live in the Llanos, which make up more than 54% of the land area. Life expectancy at birth is around 72 years.

Ethnic groups in Colombia

The population of Colombia is made up of a wide variety of ethnic groups. These are mainly Europeans, descendants of the Spaniards, Africans, descendants of slaves, as well as members of the indigenous peoples, consisting of over 80 different ethnic groups.

  • With 58%, the mestizos (descendants between Europeans and indigenous peoples) make up the largest part of the population.
  • 20% are the descendants of European colonists, the fair-skinned Creoles.
  • This is followed by the mulattos (mixed race of Europeans and Africans) who make up about 15% of the total population.
  • 4% of society are of purely African descent and
  • 3% belong to the Zambos or Cafusos, which emerged from connections between Africans and indigenous peoples.
  • Furthermore, with 1% descendants of the native inhabitants of Colombia follow.

With the 1991 constitution, the indigenous population also received more rights again.

As diverse as the structure of Colombia's population is consequently also its art and culture. The influence of indigenous people, Africans and Spaniards can be seen in everyday life, in literature, art and, above all, music and dance.

Religions & Beliefs

Since 1991 There is religious freedom in the population of Colombia, regulated by the constitution and the top priority.

At least 90% of the Colombian population are Catholics.

The faith is pursued very intensively - at any time of the day you can see people praying, in almost all churches there is a daily mass, bus drivers cross themselves in front of sharp bends and at the roadside you can see countless statues of the Madonna drizzled with candle wax. Religious festivals are celebrated very solemnly, e.g. B. Holy Week in Popayán, which is considered one of the largest Catholic ceremonies in the world.

Some of the indigenous traditions have merged with those of Catholicism and are unfortunately less and less practiced in the old way.

The remaining 10% of the population of Colombia belong to the Protestant, Muslim, Jewish or Rastafarian faith.

Everyday situation of the Colombian population

Unfortunately, around 26% of Colombians nowadays live below the minimum standard limit.

There is only a small middle class, the rest are rich and poor. However, the poverty situation has steadily improved in recent years.

School attendance is free and compulsory, although sometimes it is in the countryside, e.g. B. due to lack of teachers, is difficult to comply with. 90% of Colombians over the age of 15 can read and write.

Colombians are very warm, honest and humorous. They love to get together with family or friends, to debate, philosophize and of course to celebrate. They live in the "here and now" and they show that too.

If you visit one of the numerous celebrations or festivals, you will be overwhelmed by joie de vivre, temperament and a good mood. Colombians are also very open to strangers. However, like almost everything in Colombia, the mentality is very much dependent on the respective region. If you are friendly towards the locals as a traveler, you will not be turned away and greeted with a smile.

Get to know the Colombian people, their culture and nature on a unique Colombia trip.