What is therapy


from Greek: θεραπεία ("therapeia") - serving, serving, nursing
Synonym: treatment
English: therapy

1 definition

As therapy is the term used to describe the treatment of a disease in the broadest sense. Various concepts can be used, which aim either to eliminate the cause of the disease (causal therapy) or to eliminate the symptoms (symptomatic therapy). The primary goal of therapy is to restore the patient's normal physical and psychological functions as completely as possible.

The practitioner who performs a therapy is called a therapist.

2 requirements

The most important prerequisite for the effectiveness of a therapy is the correct diagnosis of the disease to be treated.

3 classification

The term therapy can be schematized on the basis of various concepts. First of all, one can distinguish between:

  • General or non-specific therapy: is based on the overall condition of the patient and is aimed at promoting general healing
  • special or specific therapy: goes into concrete details of the disease or healing

Further differentiation possibilities arise

3.1 ... according to the goal of the therapy

  • Adaptive therapy: adaptation of the therapy to the individual body reactions
  • Preventive therapy: disease prevention as a goal
  • Supportive therapy: Supports the treatment, e.g. by eliminating accompanying symptoms
  • Induction therapy: initial treatment aimed at achieving rapid therapeutic success
  • Maintenance therapy: Long-term therapy to ensure the success of the treatment

3.2 ... according to the duration of the therapy

3.3 ... according to the focus of the therapy

3.4 ... according to the number of patients

3.5 ... according to the appropriateness of the therapy

3.6 ... according to the mode of therapy

  • Acute therapy: Rapid treatment of a life-threatening health disorder.
  • Aggressive therapy: treatment that accepts side effects
  • Waiting therapy: Treatment that initially focuses on observing the course of the disease
  • Invasive therapy: treatment that enters the body in violation of tissue integrity
  • Non-invasive or minimally invasive therapy: Treatment that leaves or protects tissue integrity.

3.7 ... according to the techniques of therapy

3.7.1 Surgical therapy

Surgical therapy is based on targeted manipulation and, if necessary, replacement of defective body structures.

3.7.2 Conservative Therapy

Conservative forms of therapy want to cure the disease without surgery. These include, among other things

3.8 ... according to the therapy algorithm

4 Therapy planning

Complex therapies, which are made up of several individual measures, are laid down in a therapy plan. If they follow a certain, predefined sequence, one also speaks of a therapy scheme. The preferred first treatment option is called first-line therapy. If this treatment fails, second-line therapy is used.

In some cases it can make sense to critically review the necessity of a therapy that has already started. One way to do this is to try to escape.

5 Resistance to Therapy

One speaks of resistance to therapy when a patient's illness responds unsatisfactorily or not at all to the medically indicated treatment, although in normal cases an improvement or cure should have occurred. If the curative treatment options for a disease are exhausted and there are no further sensible treatment options, the patient is referred to as "exhausted". Further treatment is then oriented towards palliative care.