Is Allah everywhere

Is god everywhere?

In the Holy Quran there are verses that seem to give a positive answer to this question and even in theological discussions one hears occasionally: "God is nowhere and everywhere."

In sura 57, verse 4 it says:

"... And He is with you wherever you may be ..."

(Holy Quran 57: 4)

Some want to understand from this and similar verses that God is everywhere. But if you dig deeper into the relevant passages, you will have to revise this interpretation. In the Holy Quran, God's presence is mentioned in many places in connection with a certain group of people. In sura 5, verse 12, for example, the believers are assured of God's protection:

“... remember the grace of Allah upon you when a people tried to reach out their hands to you. But he held back her hands from you. And fear Allah; the believers should trust in Allah. " (Holy Quran 5:11)

In sura 20, verse 46 we learn that God asked Moses and his brother to go to the tyrannical Pharaoh. And when they admit their fear of the tyrant, "said He: “Do not be afraid; because I am with you two. I hear and I see "." (See also Holy Quran 8:12, 47:35, 2: 153, 16: 128, 9:36)

In verses 4: 108 and 58: 7 we read that "Allah knows all things" and "Is all-wise, all-knowing":

“They hide from people; However, do not hide from Allah when He is with them when they think up words with which He is not satisfied. Allah embraces what they do. " (Holy Quran 4: 108)

The following verse also wants to express God's omnipresence and omnipresence:

“It is He Who created the heavens and the earth in six times, then He sat on the throne. He knows what goes into the earth and what comes out of it, what comes down from heaven and what rises to it. And He is with you wherever you may be. And Allah sees everything you do. "

(Holy Quran 57: 4)

Nevertheless, in the history of philosophy of Islam we come across people and groups who interpret the above verses differently and who believe, based on various verses, to come to the conclusion that the Holy Quran does speak of a pantheistic monism. This means that they draw the conclusion that God represents that totality of all beings in this world and that every being is, as it were, a part of him. The verses referred to include:

"... And He is with you wherever you may be ..."

(Holy Quran 57: 4)

or

"... know that Allah intervenes between a person and his heart ..." (Holy Quran 8:24)

or

"... We are closer to it than the carotid artery."

(Holy Quran 50:16)

or

"Wherever you turn, there is the face of Allah ..."

(Holy Quran 2: 115)

Not taken out of context and in the context of the context, the verses allow a different interpretation: The above passage in sura 57 wants to point to the omnipresence of God, that He is always there when we need Him; the verses in suras 8 and 50 want to draw God's knowledge to the visible and the hidden and the last verse listed is certainly to be understood as an indication that the god of the "Al-Aqsa mosque" and the god of the Kaaba - and is the same. If God now commands that the direction of prayer be shifted from Jerusalem to Mecca, this is done in order to emphasize the independence of Islam and to emphasize the independence of Prophet Muhammad (s.) From the Jews.

For the scholars there is no question that God is above that one wants to assign a place to Him. He is neither in heaven nor on earth and nor everywhere.