Why is the majority of China poor
Question: Most of the poor in China live in the countryside. Farmers in some areas that have been lifted from poverty are falling into poverty again. What are the reasons for this? How has China supported the poor and lifted them from poverty in recent years? How many poor people are there currently in the country?
Answer: Since the 1980s, China has implemented the Poor Assistance Strategy in the poor areas, especially after resolving key issues related to poor assistance in 1987, the face of the poor areas has changed considerably, the clothing and food issues of the poor Rural dwellers were essentially resolved. But various causes mean that some people who have been lifted from poverty fall back into poverty. Poverty means the lack of the ability to secure the subsistence level. The poverty line norm set for rural areas in China is relatively low. There are five main causes of impoverishment among people who were lifted from poverty years ago:
First, frequent natural disasters are an important factor. The overloaded development of natural resources causes the degeneration of the environment; Severe soil erosion and the frequent occurrence of natural disasters place farmers in a difficult position, especially when natural disasters occur frequently.
Second, infrastructural facilities are weak. For example, severely lagging infrastructural facilities for transport, telecommunications, water management, medical care and education impede the connection of rural areas with the outside world and affect the health insurance, educational level, employment and sources of income of the farm households, which are deprived of poverty were released.
Thirdly, the rapid population growth and the poor health of newborns should be mentioned. The traditional and backward ideas about childbirth passed down in the country - “esteem for boys and disdain for girls” - have resulted in more children than family planning allowed being born and the number of extra births growing, which puts great pressure on them exercise the population, the soil, the resources, the ecosystems, education, medical care and social security and directly affect the level of education of farmers.
Fourth, poor people live concentrated in some places and scattered in some places: 1. The vast majority of poor people live concentrated. The vast majority of poor people are concentrated in the underdeveloped circles identified by the state as the priority circles for overcoming poverty through development. 2. The remaining poor people live scattered. They live in poor or non-poor areas such as reservoirs, remote mountainous areas, remote areas, and areas frequently hit by natural disasters.
Fifth, another cause of the impoverishment of poor people who have been lifted from poverty is that there are shortcomings in the breakdown of support policies by village. Following the implementation of the plan to lift 80 million people out of poverty within seven years, the Chinese strategy of supporting the poor shifted from promoting regional development to supporting the breakdown of support by villages and peasant households. In fact, this transition should serve to resolve the contradiction between the goal of regional economic growth and the goal of poverty alleviation. But this new strategy of overcoming poverty has been distorted in some areas, the poverty alleviation funds have not been able to contribute to the uptake and development of production by poor households.
In recent years, the support of the poor in China has received full recognition from the international community. According to the global public, solving the poverty issue for so many people in a large country with a population of 1.3 billion is an important contribution to overcoming poverty in the world. In 2007 the number of poor people in rural areas was 20 million.
From the introduction of reform and opening up to the mid-1980s, China's support for the poor came in the form of aid, which means that the central government mandated grassroots governments to send grain, clothes and cash directly to poor farm households distribute and help them overcome difficulties. This form of support is known as the form of “blood transfusion”.
With the development of the support work, the support of poor people in the form of “blood transfusions” showed more and more noticeable grievances: Many households that had been freed from poverty fell back into poverty after the “blood transfusion” stopped. The Chinese government has come to the realization that the “blood transfusion” cannot solve the problem of poverty from the ground up.
Today support is no longer a model, but is guaranteed in two ways through “blood transfusion plus blood generation”. The system of subsistence coverage implemented throughout the country is a form of "blood transfusion" that covers the subsistence level needs of people unable to work such as the elderly and the infirm, the sick and the disabled. Providing more employment opportunities for young people and people in their prime in the country means “blood-producing”.
“Blood generation” and “blood transfusion” complement each other. The new form of poverty alleviation, characterized by an emphasis on overcoming poverty through development, has had remarkable successes. Of the 592 focus areas for overcoming poverty, the average net income per farmer rose by 23.9% in the first four years during the period of the 10th Five-Year Plan.
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