What is a good 100m sprint time
School sport: how fast are the young sprinters?
“Only school sport moves everyone” - this is the motto of the German Association of Sports Teachers (DSLV). In fact, the number of school athletes is quite large. According to the statistics portal Statista, around 10.94 million children and young people attended German schools in the 2018/19 school year. Sport is a compulsory subject. From the first to the last class - regardless of the type of school.
The word "school sport" alone brings back memories. Of wild dodgeball games against the parallel class. On the prickly sand in the shoes, which was given free of charge in the long jump pit as a reprimand from the sports teacher. Or the adrenaline in your veins when the first flop came in the high jump. Many people know their approximate peak values over 100 meters or while shooting the shot put many years after graduating from school.
But what about school sport in German-speaking countries today? How do the youngsters do on the support bars and on the tartan track? # BeatYesterday.org looked for answers from Michael Fahlenbock. Fahlenbock is a board member at DSLV. For years he has been working on the development of physical education in Germany.
# BeatYesterday.org: How has sports performance in school changed over the past few years?
Michael Fahlenbock: General statements are extremely difficult. Basically, the level hasn't changed as much as some might think. What strikes me: the children have improved their fine motor skills. Many children and young people train certain movement patterns very intensively through skateboarding, BMX or scooter riding. That often has little to do with our idea of “sporty”, but mostly artists. Teachers notice this in class.
# BeatYesterday.org: Does the permanent availability of entertainment media in leisure time (Netflix, computer games) affect the athletic quality of the students?
Michael: I cannot make a clear statement about this. My impression is different. Young people still have the same desire for exercise as they did in previous generations. We just have to give children more space to move around. In cities like Berlin we can see it quite well. The existing sports areas are lively hotspots. We have to manage that we offer the children and young people more of these places with a stimulating character. Because the striving for sociability and to experiment with each other is still great among young people. And if you have space to move, use it very creatively.
# BeatYesterday.org: I read in a post that the performance data of the students in some subjects (for example mathematics) are a bit “fudged”. There used to be a four for 50 percent, now for 40 percent. Do these developments also exist in sport?
Michael: The fact that performance is measured with tables and fixed values (times, distance, etc.) - unfortunately that still exists. How sports teachers rate them varies greatly in individual cases. But the number of teachers who even work with such lists is shrinking. There are better alternatives for marking student performance. For example relative values. A high jumper who is only 1.70 meters tall, but jumps 1.60 meters high, shows a very remarkable performance in relation to his physical basis. A 1.90 meter tall athlete will be able to achieve completely different values due to his physical requirements. We have to view the services in relative terms.
As sports teachers, we should ostensibly devote ourselves to another task: Introducing the children and young people who do not yet enjoy doing sports to our sports culture. We have to inspire movement and teach sports. And that doesn't work with rigid grade tables.
# BeatYesterday.org: In the past, basic athletics were particularly important. How will these sports continue to shape physical education?
Michael: The tight regulations in athletics, i.e. the static measurement of distances and times within a strict framework - this is an important sporting experience for children and young people. In addition, athletics takes up motor movement patterns that we have all had in common since we were children. We can see this quite well in playgrounds. Children race there. They bounce around a lot and also like to throw balls. I believe that athletics will be an important part of athletic training for a very long time. We see it at a lot of athletics clubs. The influx of 10 to 15 year olds is sometimes extremely high.
# BeatYesterday.org: Which sports will also be important in the future?
Michael: Sports games - including new or redesigned ones - remain a crucial part of the lesson. Here sport conveys a lot of tolerance and acceptance. We understand that you can only win together, that you have to be there for each other. And we learn, very importantly, how to lose or win properly. Sports games are also a lot of fun. This is important in physical education.
# BeatYesterday.org: What component will next be added to school sports?
Michael: Climbing and bouldering, for example. The halls are sprouting up everywhere. Climbing will get even more attention with its inclusion in the Olympic Games. The nice thing about this sport: It requires strength, concentration and all of our skills at the same time. We must also trust one another when we secure one another.
# BeatYesterday.org: There is a lot of talk about the lack of teachers. How is the development in sport? Are there enough offspring?
Michael: We feel the lack of teachers everywhere in Germany. The sports sector is no exception. The study places in Germany are actually all taken. The problem is that many who study our subject to become a teacher switch to other areas with their sport studies. You go into sports management or sports science.
# BeatYesterday.org: How can the profession of PE teacher become more attractive?
Michael: You don't have to make the job more attractive. It is already.
Comparison: school sports and athletics stars
(All performance values refer to the performance tables in Baden-Württemberg.)
100 meter run
Berlin, August 16, 2009. Usain Bolt runs on the blue running track of the Olympic Stadium for a time for eternity. Nine seconds and 58 hundredths. Will an athlete ever run faster? Back then, Bolt accelerated to an average speed of 37.58 km / h. In a 30 zone, Bolt would have fallen into the speed trap. While the retired Jamaican is still a world star, the fame of world record holder Florence Griffith-Joyner is tragically fading. She suffocated in her sleep after an epileptic fit at the age of 38, about ten years after her Indianapolis world record.
Interesting fact: when Bolt crossed the finish line in Berlin, a 15-point high school graduate with an average speed of 30.25 km / would still have been at the 80-meter mark.
World record men: 9.58 seconds (Usain Bolt)
Abitur boys: 11.9 seconds
World record women: 10.49 seconds (Florence Griffith-Joyner)
High school graduation girls: 13.4 seconds
In the long jump competitions, the records are stone old. Mike Powell became the first person to cross the 8.90 meter barrier in 1991 and fell 8.95 meters into the sand. With that he won the title at the World Championships in Tokyo. Only 0.3 meters per second of tailwind helped, there would have been a few centimeters of space on the springboard. The “magic nine” would have been in there. Galina Tschistjakova's record distance is even older. In 1988 the Russian jumped 7.52 meters in St. Petersburg. The German athlete Heike Drechsler scratched this value with a personal best of 7.48 meters.
World record men: 8.95 m (Mike Powell)
Abitur boys: 5.85 meters
World record women: 7.52 m (Galina Tschistjakowa)
High school graduation girls: 4.56 meters
In the shot put, it is not only the balls, which are usually made of bronze or copper, that are heavy, but also the massive athletes. World record holder Randy Barnes weighed up to 132 kilograms during his playing days. The enormous weight is important in order to hit the ball with a good flywheel. However, some time after his outdoor world record of 23.12 meters, Barnes tested positive for doping and was banned for 27 months. Natalja Lisovskaya, the women's record holder, reached 22.63 meters. However, the ball is a little more than three kilos lighter for women.
World record men(7.257 kg): 23.12 meters (Randy Barnes)
Abitur boys (6 kg): 10.58 meters
World record women (4 kg): 22.63 meters (Natalja Lissowskaja)
High school graduation girls (4 kg): 8.63 meters
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