What is waste examples

The five levels of the garbage pyramid

Use waste - conserve resources

The previously applicable three-step principle (avoidance, recovery, disposal) is being replaced by the new five-step waste hierarchy. After that, the top priority - and thus the first choice if possible - is still avoidance, now followed by preparation for reuse, recycling, other, for example energetic recovery and, as before, disposal.

Graphic: The new waste pyramid

Waste should be avoided in the first place. For example, by only buying food that is eaten or by using reusable instead of disposable bottles.

If waste cannot be avoided, it should be reused. For example, by repairing defective devices that have been returned to the recyclable material trade and then reusing them.

If waste cannot be avoided or reused, it must be recycled. Handkerchiefs or printer paper made from old paper, glass containers made from old glass and new plastic reusable bottles made from reusable plastic bottles that are no longer usable are examples of this.

It is important to throw waste in the right bin. This is the only way that recycling can be successful.

If waste cannot be avoided, reused or recycled, it can make sense to incinerate it in order to use the thermal energy released in the process, for example for the production of district heating (energy recovery). Another form is recycling.

Only if waste cannot be avoided, reused or recycled, may it be disposed of - for example by storing it in a landfill. That is what is known as residual waste.

Avoid and recycle waste in Germany

How much waste do we produce in Germany every year? What happens to this waste? And how and what can we recycle? Our article provides you with the answers and also explains why the manufacturers of products in particular are responsible for waste.

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Where does the paper come from?

Do you know how many exercise books or college blocks you fill with creative essays and tricky math problems each year? You can count how often you or your parents have to buy new exercise books and pads.

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Cell phone recycling

Perhaps you know this from your parents, your older siblings or from yourself: Cell phones that no longer work often disappear in one of the many drawers at home, perhaps because a new cell phone has already been bought or because they are simply broken.

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