Why does India not accept immigrants

globalization

In mid-2017, there were 257.7 million people worldwide living in countries where they were not born. 6.4 percent of all migrants came from India - 16.6 million. Mexico (13.0 million), Russia (10.6 million), China (10.0 million) and Bangladesh (7.5 million) are also important countries of origin. The world's largest "migration corridor" is the one between Mexico and the USA: In mid-2017 there were 12.7 million people in the USA who were born in Mexico but emigrated to the USA. The second largest migration corridor, with more than three million people, is the one between India and the United Arab Emirates. In third and fourth place in mid-2017 were the migration corridors resulting from migration from Russia to Ukraine and from Ukraine to Russia (3.3 million each). In 2017 there were 43 binational migration corridors worldwide with more than one million people. In other words, by mid-2017 more than one million people immigrated to 43 states (and still lived there), each of whom was born in a different (individual) state. The USA was the destination country ten times and India was the country of origin six times.

Facts

According to the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN / DESA), 257.7 million people worldwide were living in countries where they were not born in mid-2017. More than half of all migrants lived in just ten countries (51.1 percent). Almost a fifth of all migrants (19.3 percent) lived in the USA alone, and just under a twentieth (4.7 percent) each in Saudi Arabia and Germany. This was followed by Russia, the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, France, Canada, Australia and Spain (together 22.3 percent). In mid-2017 there were more than half a million migrants in 68 countries around the world.

Of the 257.7 million people who lived in states where they were not born in 2017, 6.4 percent or 16.6 million were from India. This was followed by Mexico (5.0 percent / 13.0 million), Russia (4.1 percent / 10.6 million), China (3.9 percent / 10.0 million) and Bangladesh (2.9 percent / 7.5 million). Syria (2.7 percent / 6.9 million), Pakistan (2.3 percent / 6.0 million), Ukraine (2.3 percent / 5.9 million) and the Philippines (2.2 percent / 5.7 million) are also important countries of origin.

The film shows the most important migratory movements worldwide.

By far the largest migration corridor is that between Mexico and the USA: In mid-2017 there were 12.7 million people in the USA who were born in Mexico and who had emigrated to the USA by mid-2017. In second place was the migration corridor between India and the United Arab Emirates with a good 3.3 million people. The peculiarity of the third and fourth largest migration corridor is that Russia and Ukraine are the participating states: In 2017, around 3.3 million people lived in both states, who were born in the other state. After all, the migration corridors between Syria and Turkey (3.3 million) and between Bangladesh and India (3.1 million) also comprise more than three million people.

In 2017 there were 43 binational migration corridors worldwide with more than one million people. This means that by mid-2017 more than one million people immigrated to 43 states (and still lived there), each of whom was born in a different (individual) state. The USA was ten times the destination country for these 43 largest migration corridors (countries of origin: Mexico, China, India, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Vietnam, El Salvador, Cuba, South Korea, Dominican Republic). This was followed by Saudi Arabia and Germany, both of which were target countries four times. In mid-2017 there were more than one million people in Saudi Arabia who were born in India, Indonesia, Pakistan and Bangladesh. For Germany, the four most important countries of origin were Poland, Turkey, Russia and Kazakhstan.

In 6 of the 43 largest binational migration corridors, the emigrants came from India (destination countries: United Arab Emirates, USA, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Oman, Kuwait). In three migration corridors each, the emigrants came from Russia (destination countries: Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Germany) and Bangladesh (India, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates).

In some countries, migration flows are concentrated on individual migration corridors: In 2017, 97.8 percent of the total of 13.0 million people who emigrated from Mexico lived in the USA. Migration from Puerto Rico, El Salvador and Cuba was also concentrated in the destination country USA (98.7, 89.3 and 80.3 percent, respectively). Furthermore, in mid-2017, nine out of ten migrants from Burkina Faso lived in Côte d'Ivoire (88.8 percent) and four out of five migrants from Algeria in France (81.0 percent).

According to the UN / DESA, there were 12.2 million migrants in Germany in 2017. Most of them came from Poland (15.9 percent), Turkey (13.7 percent), Russia (8.9 percent) and Kazakhstan (8.4 percent). This was followed by Romania (4.9 percent), the Czech Republic (4.5 percent), Italy (3.4 percent), Ukraine (2.2 percent), Austria (2.1 percent) and Greece (1.8 percent) . Almost two thirds of all migrants who lived in Germany in mid-2017 (65.7 percent) came from these ten countries of origin. For the 20 and 30 most important countries of origin, the corresponding value rises to 77.9 and 85.9 percent.

More than half of all emigrants from the Czech Republic lived in Germany in mid-2017 (56.7 percent). Also from Turkey (48.6 percent), Austria (44.1 percent), Poland (41.2 percent), Luxembourg (33.9 percent), Slovenia (27.8 percent), Hungary (27.2 percent) , Kazakhstan (25.0 percent), Greece (23.1 percent) and Croatia (22.9 percent) had an above-average number of emigrants in Germany.

Most of the 4.2 million emigrants born in Germany lived in the United States in mid-2017 - 645,000 or 15.3 percent. This was followed by Switzerland (8.9 percent), Turkey (7.7 percent), the United Kingdom (7.2 percent), Austria (5.9 percent), France (5.6 percent), Italy and Kazakhstan ( 5.3 percent each). In 2017, the 10 most important destination countries accounted for 70.3 percent of all emigrants. For the 20 and 30 most important target countries, the corresponding value increases to 91.0 and 95.9 percent, respectively. In the destination countries, the immigrants who were born in Germany tend to have a small proportion of all migrants in the respective country. The share was highest in mid-2017 in Switzerland (15.0 percent), Austria (14.8 percent), Poland (12.5 percent), Greece (9.2 percent) and Namibia (8.8 percent) . In the USA, where most of them emigrated, the proportion of all migrants was only 1.3 percent.

According to the UN / DESA projections, the net migration between the economically developed and the economically developing countries in the years 2015 to 2050 will total 81.9 million and 2.3 million migrants per year, respectively. An average of more than 100,000 migrants will immigrate to six countries each year: USA (979 thousand), Germany (224 thousand), Canada (220 thousand), United Kingdom (171 thousand), Australia (153 thousand) and Russia (109 thousand). On the other hand, more than 100,000 migrants will emigrate from five countries each year by 2050: India (-413 thousand), Bangladesh (-324 thousand), China (-321 thousand), Pakistan (-170 thousand) and Indonesia (-144 thousand).

Data Source

United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2017): International Migration Report 2017, Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2017 Revision, World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision

Terms, methodological notes or reading aids

The information given here relates to the middle variant of the UN / DESA projections. It should also be noted that the UN / DESA figures take into account the number of refugees reported by the UNHCR in less than a third of the countries. To Hike across the borders of Germany see also: http://www.bpb.de/153474

UN / DESA - United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

UNHCR - United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Detailed information on Data basis of the UN / DESA are available here: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/docs/MigrationStockDocumentation_2017.pdf