Who was the apostle Paul
Who Was Saint Paul?
The apostle Paul was born between 5 and 10 AD in Tarsos (Turkey) and initially lived in the strict Pharisaic family tradition. He was trained as a rabbi in the Jerusalem Temple Academy. Paul inherited Roman citizenship from his parents and was originally called Saul. He was a devout Jew who saw in the new movement with its crucified Messiah an affront to the religious convictions of the whole people. This made him a fanatical persecutor of Christians who was feared throughout Judea.
Christ vision before Damascus
When he was on his way to Damascus to carry out a large-scale persecution there, he had a vision of Christ. He was baptized in Damascus and began to proclaim Jesus as the Messiah. On three major mission trips he founded centers of the Christian faith in all the important cities of Asia Minor, Macedonia and Greece.
He maintained contact with the congregations he visited or founded through letters that are still handed down in the New Testament to this day. Within the Church, at the first council in Jerusalem, Paul campaigned for people who were not previously Jews to be baptized.
Saint Paul is the patron saint of tent makers, rope makers, saddlers, knights, carpet weavers, weavers, basket makers and doves, as well as workers, theologians, pastors and the Catholic press. His help is also sought against lightning, hail, fear, spasm, ear ailments and snakebites. He is also an advocate for rain and a fruitful harvest.
Paul was a relentless fighter for Christianity and relentless toughness when the purity of the gospel was at stake. His self-confidence was based on his certainty that he was not sent by anyone but Christ himself.
As a prisoner in Rome
Around the year 61 Paul came to Rome, possibly in captivity. He soon had to take account of his work before Emperor Nero. According to legend, Peter and Paul faced the tyrant together. Nero also sentenced Paul to death. Since he was a Roman citizen, Paul was not nailed to the cross, but beheaded.
A basilica was built on his grave in Rome, which after its complete destruction in 1823 was completely restored in the earlier style. As "Saint Paul Outside the Walls" it is one of the most visited churches in Rome.
Paul is the patron saint of the diocese of Münster since Liudger, the first bishop of the diocese, consecrated the cathedral to him.
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