What is population

growth of population

1. Term: Change in population size between two reference dates as a result of a comparison of the births and deaths between these reference dates as well as immigration and emigration (migration, migration). It can mean an increase or decrease in population. The usual measure of population growth is the annual natural growth rate (net increase) in percent.

2. World population: According to the UN, the world population is growing by 1.1 percent every year, which is around 78 million people. In the population projections regularly prepared by the UN, a medium variant appears as a guide value for the future world population. For the year 2050 it is 9.3 billion and by 2100 it is 10.1 billion (taking into account a generally slight decline in the birth rate). The impact of AIDS, especially in Central Africa, cannot be precisely quantified. The highest natural growth rates in 2012 are found in Africa (2.3), the lowest in Europe (0.1). The annual growth rate is a development indicator: the higher it is, the greater the efforts of developing countries must be to achieve social progress and economic success.

3. Strategies / approaches to cope with population growth:
(1) direct population policy measures that seek to directly reduce population growth (e.g. sex education, advertising for family planning, contraceptives and sterilization, strengthening the role of women in society);
(2) Efforts by the developing countries to socio-economically integrate the growing young population (e.g. through training, production facilities, economic relations and the establishment of "fair conditions" on the world market);
(3) Negative population growth, combined with the decline in the proportion of young people and advancing demographic aging, are forcing modern societies to undertake constant reforms in order to keep human capital and social security systems efficient;
(4) Implementing sustainable development to ensure environmental security for future generations;
(5) those convened every ten years from 1974 to 1994 World Population Conferences serve the understanding of the international community about the population trends of their countries and their connection with world problems. At the conferences in Bucharest (1974) and Mexico City (1984), the connection between population and development policy prevailed (“Embassy of Bucharest”). The greening of this complex in the sense of sustainable development for the countries in the north and south was first implemented at the conference in Cairo (1994).

See also population policy, World Population Conference, demographic transition.