Sikhs are allowed to eat beef

India is a country whose history goes back thousands of years. Many different peoples and ethnic groups lived and still live in the country, in which different religions also coexist ................

Religions in India - Sikhism


The founder of this movement was Nanak (1469-1539). He was born into a higher-caste Hindu family. He rejected the ritualism and the cult of images of Hinduism. Like Muslims, he taught the non-image worship of the one God, but found the rules of Islam too rigid and lifeless. After spiritual experiences, Nanak traveled through the country as a wandering truth seeker. Accompanied by the Muslim musician Mardana, he sang and taught the pure love of God. For Nanak, all human beings were equally creatures of God. Therefore, he also rejected the caste differences. He did not think of founding a new religion, but wanted to bring all people back to pure worship. He held up a mirror to both Hindus and Muslims to show them the futility of rigidly following empty rituals. "Pray to God. Work hard for a living. Share." These three principles governed his life and that of his Sikhs (disciples). They still apply today. Several hymns have come down to us from Nanak. They are sung and prayed by the Sikhs. When Nanak died in 1539, Sikhs mourned the death of a guru (teacher).

Guru Nanak passed on his enlightened guidance of his new religion to nine successive gurus.

The fourth Guru Ramdas laid the foundation stone for the Golden Temple in Amritsar, today's religious center of the Sikhs. Guru Ramdas was respected by the Mughal ruler Akbar, and the Sikhs enjoyed religious freedom. When several gurus were tortured and killed by Muslim rulers in the period that followed, the community changed into a militant order with the aim of defending their faith with armed force.

The last living guru was Guru Gobind Singh (1675-1708). He founded the Khalsa order (meaning 'The Pure'), soldier-saint. The Khalsa upholds the highest Sikh virtues, commitment, consecration, and social awareness. Khalsa are men and women who have gone through the Sikh baptism ceremony and strictly follow the Sikh code of conduct and conventions. They also wear the prescribed physical articles of faith. He finally declared the tradition of the gurus to be over, and from then on the holy book of Adi Granth was directly worshiped as a guru. That is why it has been named Guru Granth Sahib ever since.

During the eighteenth century, the Sikhs were oppressed and persecuted by the rulers of the time. They had to make sacrifices to keep their faith and identity. The Mughal Empire fell apart. The Afghans under the rule of Ahmed Shah Abdali attacked India. The Sikhs took this opportunity to found their own empire. They finally succeeded in doing this under Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1780. The kingdom of the Sikhs existed for about half a century (1780 to 1839) and was annexed by the English in 1849.

During India's struggle for freedom against the English, a large number of Sikhs were hanged, tortured, shot, and long imprisoned so that the country could achieve freedom. Although the Sikhs make up only 1.8% of the Indian population, they have made significant contributions in the army, agriculture, sports, industry, etc. They are very hardworking and devote themselves to their work in a missionary way. Her adventurousness and enterprising spirit has taken her to all parts of the world.



In order to emphasize the universality of the spiritual message, Guru Arjan Dev, when compiling the Shri Adi Granth, the sacred scriptures of the Sikhs, incorporated hymns and prayers from the mystical writings of the saints of all castes and faiths. The Sikh scriptures occupy a unique place in religious history. They not only show the first, carefully considered attempt to illustrate the unity of all religions, but are also written in a language that is still alive and does not belong to the past. In contrast to other high religions in India, the religious works of the Sikhs are not written in classical languages, but in the local language Punjabi. Sikhs are only guardians of Guru Granth Sahib (granthi). Every Sikh has the choice of reading the Guru Granth Sahib in the Gurdwara (a Sikh temple) or at home.



There is only one God. He is the same God for people of all religions. The soul goes through cycles of births and deaths before assuming human form. The goal of our life should be to lead an exemplary existence so that one might come together with God. Sikhs should remember God at all times and lead virtuous and truthful lives. A balance should also be maintained between their spiritual and temporal duties. The true path to attaining salvation and coming together with God does not require renunciation of the world or even celibacy. Life as a landlord who earns a living honestly and resists worldly temptations and sins is already on the right path. Sikhism condemns blind rituals such as fasting, visiting pilgrimage cities, superstition, worship of the dead, idol worship, and so on. Sikhism preaches that people of other nationalities, religions, or sexes are equal in the eyes of God. It teaches full equality between men and women. Women can take part in any religious function, perform Sikh ceremonies or lead the congregation in prayer.



The word Sikh means constant learning. The goal of life is union with God. A Sikhs is not allowed to smoke, drink or take drugs. Like the Hindus, they do not eat beef. The Sikhs let your hair grow from birth without cutting it. The hair is hidden under the turban. For the Sikhs, hair is a symbol of human strength. In Sikkhism, women are theoretically "equal" and widows can remarry.


Five simple ceremonies

The important ceremonies of the Sikhs are those associated with the birth, i.e. when the child is given a name, Amrit (baptism), Anand Karaj (wedding) and the death ceremony. The most important ceremony of all is Amrit (baptism of the Sikhs). There are no special rituals in these ceremonies. The most important thing is the recitation of hymns from Guru Granth Sahib. The dead are cremated by the Sikhs and the ashes are thrown in a nearby canal or river. No particular river is considered sacred. It is forbidden to build monuments over the remains of the dead. All of these ceremonies have one common goal and that is to remember our relationship with God. They are seen as an end that justifies the means, i.e. the union of the soul with God.



The Sikh has a special character represented by five practical and useful symbols popularly known as the five "Ks" as each of the symbols begins with the letter "K".

Kesh: uncut hair. Men are also not allowed to cut their beards and also wear a turban.

Kangha: a wooden comb as a sign of cleanliness. It is worn in the hair.

kacha: Special cotton panties as a reminder of sexual moderation.

Kara: e in steel armband, which expresses that one is committed to the truth.

Kirpan: a dagger symbolizing that it is a matter of honor for the Khalsa to defend the poor, weak and innocent.
Anyone who cuts their hair is considered a patit (renegade).



The Sikh church is the gurdwara (door of the guru). They can all be recognized from afar by the nishan sahib, a triangular orange flag with the khanda symbol. Everyone, regardless of their caste, creed, culture or nationality, is allowed to visit the Gurdwara

Before the gurdwara, the shoes must be removed and the head covered. Anyone who has drunk alcohol or carries tobacco products is not allowed to enter the gurdwara. In the gurdwara, instead of an altar, there is a palki, where the Guru Granth Sahib lies on pillows and precious towels. The whole thing is covered with a canopy. The holy book is at the center. Devotion is due to him. All visitors pay homage to him by bowing to him and touching the ground with their foreheads. All people are equal, so everyone has to sit on the floor. Neither the back nor the feet should be turned towards him.

Every day, early in the morning, the holy book is solemnly carried in, opened and read from it by the granthi. The readings (path) are followed by the praise of God (shabad kirtan) sung by the hymn singers (ragis). The service ends with Ardas - a prayer invoking the blessings of God to bring peace, wellbeing and protection to all humanity. Then the consecrated dessert is distributed. On special occasions, the entire Guru Granth Sahib is read continuously for about 48 hours (akhand path).

"O God, give us enlightenment, give us understanding, so that we know what delights you. And may all humanity be happy by your grace."



Satsang is a connection with 'Sat' or the 'Truth'. Satsangs should therefore be devoted exclusively to conversations about 'Sat', which in the further interpretation also includes the talk of God, soul, the 'Word'; the connection between soul and God on the one hand, and universe and soul on the other; the path of God or the path of God-knowledge, and includes the God-man or the spiritual master, What He is, His necessity and meaning and His teachings.

It also includes discussions on related topics such as ethical life, love, faith, compassion and everything that paves the way for a healthy and progressive development of divine life that leads to the blossoming of the spirit in cosmic consciousness.


The golden temple of Amritsar

The most significant historical religious center of the Sikhs is Harmiandir Sahib (The Golden Temple) at Amritsar in the state of Punjab in northern India. It is the inspirational and historical center of the Sikh religion, but not a mandatory place for pilgrimage or worship. Every place where Sri Guru Granth Sahib has entered is considered by the Sikhs to be equally sacred.



No day of the week is considered a holy day. On the first day of the Indian lunar calendar (sangrand), many Sikhs visit a gurdwara if they do not do so every day. Special festivals are the birthdays of the gurus, the birthday of khalso: Vaisakhi (mid-April) and the martyrdom of Guru Arjan and Guru Tegh Bahadur. Other festivals are Lohrri and more local festivals



According to the Sikh religion, marriage is a sacrament - a holy union, and not just a contract. "You don't become husband and wife simply by sitting next to each other. Only those who can share one spirit can be husband and wife," Sikhism does not believe in celibacy. Marriage and family life are considered honorable, natural, and ideal. "Oh, my mind, stay free in the household too. When you practice the truth and have your desires under control and do good deeds, your mind will illuminate the guru with grace." A Sikh couple marries four times goes around the Guru Granth Sahib. Every time an epithalamium, a hymn, is recited from the Guru Granth Sahib. In it, the couple is advised to build up their joint marital relationship according to what is recited in this hymen. The same ceremony is performed when a widow or widower remarries.


The position of the Sikh woman

Women are an important part of the Sikh community. She receives the utmost respect for her role in the family and in society. The widow has the right to remarry if she wants. A woman has the same soul as a man and she has the same rights in spiritual growth and is allowed to do so in her own feminine way. She can also be present at the meeting of the religious community and recite the holy hymms. The Sikh women do not wear a veil (Purdah). Dowry and divorce are not allowed. Wearing clothing that shows the body and encourages voluptuous thoughts is considered dishonorable.

Sikh sign (Nishan Sahib)

A steel ring represents the unity of God, the double-edged sword symbolizes his concern for truth and justice, two crossed curved swords surround the whole thing as a sign of his omnipotence. A flag with this symbol flies above every Sikh temple (Gurdwara).



The frond stands for authority and is moved as a sign of reverence over the holy scriptures in order to drive away the flies as once by the human gurus. The frond can be made of peacock feathers, yak hair, goat hair or synthetic material.