How are Chinese treated in Japan
Situation on the Senkaku Islands
Q1. What are the bases for Japan's sovereignty claims on the Senkaku Islands?
After carefully investigating the Senkaku Islands affair and finding that there was no evidence that any other state had previously exercised control over the islands, the Japanese government divided the islands into the Japanese in January 1895, taking into account the international legal system of the time Territory.
After World War II, the San Francisco Peace Treaty placed the Senkaku Islands under the American administration of Okinawa. This confirmed the status of the islands as part of Japanese territory.
In addition, the Okinawa Restitution Treaty between the United States and Japan in 1972 included the Senkaku Islands in the territories over which Japan regained its administrative sovereignty. All these facts related to the Senkaku Islands show that they are always an integral part of Japanese territory within the framework of the international post-war order in accordance with international law.
▲ Administrative sovereignty over all islands within the area of the straight lines on the map was returned to Japan in 1972 under the Okinawa Return Treaty. The Senkaku Islands are within this area.
Q2. How does Japan organize and guarantee its administration in the Senkaku Islands?
After the incorporation of the Senkaku Islands into Japanese territory, Japanese citizens began to colonize the previously uninhabited islands. They got permission from the government to do this. The settlers ran such enterprises as a bonito factory and collected feathers. Temporarily more than 200 residents lived on the island who also paid taxes.
The Japanese government continues to exercise control and administer the area by conducting patrols and overseeing compliance with the laws of Japan.
▲ A bonito processing factory run by Tatsuhiro Koga. （Photo: Ms. Hanako Koga / the Asahi Shimbun Company）
▲ Japanese settlers in the village of Koga. （Photo: Ms. Hanako Koga / the Asahi Shimbun Company）
Q3. Has China also recognized the islands as part of Japanese territory?
The Chinese government has not questioned Japan's sovereignty over the Senkaku Islands for about 75 years since their incorporation in 1895. That didn't change until the 1970s when the islands attracted a lot of attention due to potential oil reserves in the East China Sea.
In the period after the peace treaty of San Francisco, when the islands were placed under American administration as part of Japanese territory and the Americans used parts of the island as a firing range, it was the case in publications by the Communist Party of China and in Chinese publications Maps of the Senkaku Islands continued to be treated as Japanese territory.
▲ "World Atlas Collection", published in 1958 by a Chinese cartographic publisher. The Senkaku Islands are referred to as "Senkaku Islands" and "Uotsuri Islands". You are listed here as part of Okinawa. （From the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan）
Q4. Has there ever been an agreement to deal with matters concerning these islands at a later date?
Japan has always emphasized that there has never been an agreement with China to deal with the Senkaku Islands issue at a later date. This is recorded in published diplomatic documents. Claiming such an agreement to exist contradicts China's actions to pressure change the status quo.
In 1992, the Chinese government passed a law on its territorial waters and adjacent areas, in which China explicitly claims sovereignty over the islands as part of Chinese territory. Since 2008, China has been sending ships from Chinese authorities into the waters around the Senkaku Islands and regularly invading Japanese territorial waters.
Q5. How will Japan shape its relations with China?
After normalizing diplomatic relations with China, Japan has continued to support reform and development policies in China. Support includes ODA of more than 3 trillion yen, as Japan believes that China's development as a responsible member of the international community will also have a positive impact on the stability and further development of the Asia-Pacific region.
Japan continues to attach great importance to the Sino-Japanese relations, which represent one of the most important bilateral relations for Japan. Stable development in Sino-Japanese relations will not only benefit the people in both countries, but also the entire region and the international community. Based on this broad perspective, Japan will continue to promote the "Strategic Partnership for Mutual Benefit".
（Brochure: The attitude of Japan on the Senkaku Islands）
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