What are the reasons for the moral decline

Society in transition

Everyone knows the complaints of the old about the young, the worry about the deterioration of morality and tradition. It's a timeless conflict between the generations. Many learned people, scientists and journalists think time and again about the change in values ​​and moral concepts in the Federal Republic. And what do the people on the street think?

"Everyone thinks somehow everyone is closest to himself, especially in this day and age. / The shirt is closer to you than the skirt. The moraldecreases: Honesty, trust and to some extent maybe obedience and maybe also loyalty. So good human values. / I think they have become more selfish, yes, walk also very much past poverty. First of all 'you', 'you' and 'you' and then we see what the others are doing. Nevertheless, we shouldn't forget the others. "

The verdict is clear. The passer-by and the two passers-by are of the opinion that a lot of Germans are selfish. You use two common expressions in everyday language: "Every man for himself" and "the shirt is closer to you than the skirt". The first phrase reverses the Christian commandment to love one's neighbor, the second adopts a saying by the Roman poet Plautus: “Tunica proprior pallio est”. The tunic, an undergarment of the Romans, was later translated as "shirt", "pallium", the Greek upper garment, with "skirt". The passer-by is also of the opinion that some the poverty others do not notice them at you pass. The passer-by basically thinks that moral values ​​such as honesty and trust no longer count for many Germans. The Morale declines. The morality of a society or - as scientists call it - the social norms and values ​​are also conveyed in education. In addition to the parents, the school plays an important role here. After the experience of the teacher Heiner Weiler, a lot has changed here:

“When I became a teacher, I invited my parents and they stood like a man behind the school. There was a unified conception of acting towards education. And today it is like that when you invite the parents to Parents evening, then come those who don't need them because the students are okay anyway, and those who want them are missing. But let's say there are twenty, and theyhave forty opinions, and that's just it themisery, and the to agreeis very difficult. "

Heiner Weiler has noticed that the parents' attitudes towards teaching, school and upbringing have changed. This becomes clear to him, among other things Parents evenings. At these meetings of parents of a class, school-related, but also class-related things such as class trips or lessons are discussed. At that time, according to Heiner Weiler, not only all parents came, they also all supported the school in its educational concept. they stood like a manBehind you, as he puts it using a Bible verse. It's different nowadays. In Heiner Weiler's opinion, those whose children have school problems do not come. And those who come disagree. Everybody has a different opinion. Heiner Weiler expresses this with the formulation: "Twenty come and they have forty opinions". And there to come to an agreement, the opinions to agreedon't be easy. It's bad for him, it is amisery. In many schools, teachers often need a lot of time to promote cooperation in the class. And in the experience of teacher Armin Warmbach, this is not always easy:

“It's certainly about: 'How do I want Live democracy? ‘Nothing will happen to the students, for example negotiated. Well, I sometimes say it's like being in a bus. There is someone in front who drives, and the others have to go with them. And at some point climb them times out, because they not in the mood more to have.“

For Armin Warmbach it is important how Lived democracy how fundamental democratic rights are implemented. He personally criticizes teachers and students for doing nothing negotiateNegotiating what is done and what is not done in the same way as in a business deal. Instead, like a bus driver, the teacher gives the direction. And those who don't feel like not in the mood, more to have, then no longer participate. you climb - figuratively - out. Teacher colleague Oda Lang mentions another important point: the credibility of a teacher. In her opinion, something has changed here too:

“The teacher used to qua his office an authority. Today will be his Personality required. The human being as a person, as a teacher, also has a role model function. If he conveys certain values, wants to bring students closer to them, then he can not only do that verbal do. He got to it Life. Students are actually just like that reachable.“

According to Oda Lang, teachers used to be people of great respect. By their office alone they possessed qua her office, Authority. They gave social and personal values ​​and morals verbal further, said what they believed was right and wrong. Nowadays, according to Oda Lang, that has changed. Teachers have to the values ​​that they want to convey to their students, including themselves Life. That means they have to act accordingly, theirs personality becomes required. For example, those who demand honesty must also be honest themselves. This is the only way for Oda Lang to be pupils reachable, feel addressed by what is to be conveyed. Values ​​are also conveyed through society as a whole. And an essential feature of modern society - and Germany does not occupy a special position here - is increasing Customization. There are more and more people who live and live alone and who shape their lives as they see fit. According to the Protestant theologian Manfred Kock, there are reasons for this:

"The Customization is suggested by the social environment. People are made to essentially seek their own happiness. That gets us every day demonstrated, in advertising, in everything we wear, what we eat, what we should enjoy. But there is a great longing for people to want to exist in community. "

In Manfred Kock's opinion, it will determine today's social environment, so the totality of all social influences, the way of life of everyone. This environment also includes advertising, for example. There everyone is taught demonstratedwhat is good for him or her, such as what to wear or what to eat. However, according to Manfred Kock, despite all the individualization, there is something that most people want: to live in a community - and this in turn ultimately determines the values ​​and morals of its members.

Work order
Manfred Kock mentions that advertising shows us how we should be or how we should live. Form small groups in your study group and look for suitable examples of Manfred Kock's opinion. Present your result to the entire group and explain why you chose this example.