Is the Turkish culture European

Turkish culture

The language of Turkey is Turkish. It is spoken by around 90 million people worldwide. With the founding of the state in 1923, the reform of the Turkish language, which until then had used the Arabic script, began. This was replaced by the Latin alphabet. We have put together a few important phrases and words for you below.

EvetYesÎyi akşamlarGood evening
HayırNoÎyi gecelerGood night
NasılsınHow are you?YardımHelp
GüzelWellTeşekkür ederimthanks
MerhabaHelloMemnuniyetleYou're welcome
Özür dilerim, anlamadımI do not understandÖzür dilerimsorry
HoşçakalbyeŞerefeBottom up!
GünaydınGood MorningBenim adımMy name is


When to use which terminology or to use certain empty phrases depends, as everywhere, on the context of the situation. Certain words have many meanings and some literal translations may not make sense at first glance. Therefore, in Turkish, too, learning the language is indispensably linked to dealing with the culture.
The defining religion of Turkey is that Islam, which has around 1.8 billion followers the world's second largest religionis. Although religious freedom prevails in the country, around 99% of the Turkish population is Muslim, however, it should be noted that everyone who does not officially profess another religion, or even atheists, are statistically added to Muslims.

Even if religion plays a smaller role in the younger population in the larger cities and metropolises, traditions and related behaviors should or should Dress code (especially in mosques) must be respected. Outside the tourist centers you can quickly get to much more conventional regions, where Islam plays a more important role in the lives of the residents.

One of the most important Islamic traditions is the fasting month of Ramadan, when eating, drinking and smoking is not allowed between sunrise and sunset.
Traditional Turkish cuisine as we know it today has developed over centuries. Influences from Persian, Arab, Armenian, Indian and other cultures have significantly and continuously influenced the recipes during the Ottoman Empire. Similarities to certain regions such as the Balkans are obvious.

In Germany, fast food variants adapted to European tastes such as the doner kebab are known, which in this form is only very rarely widespread in Turkey. There is actually a lot more to discover than you might think.

Typical components of Turkish kitchens are
  • Meat (veal, chicken, lamb),
  • Rice and cereals, such as bulgur,
  • grilled vegetables like eggplant, peppers, and onions, as well
  • Pastes, dips and sauces made from pureed vegetables or yoghurt-based.
It is richly seasoned with caraway seeds, allspice, pepper and other spices and herbs.

An important component of Turkish dishes is bread, which is available in various forms, for example Flat, black and white breadsfrom the clay or stone oven.

The rich food is also enjoyed at breakfast. The scope is variable and can also be more essential. Classic components are different types of cheese and bread, sucuk and scrambled eggs, a kind of tomato salad, spicy pastes and olives. There are mostly black teathat is drunk at all meals and times of the day.

In addition to black tea, finely ground coffee prepared as mocha is also a standard drink. The European coffee house tradition has its origins in the Ottoman Empire. People still meet here today, spend a lot of time, discuss and exchange ideas. Eating together in Turkey is also an important opportunity to get together and enjoy social exchanges with friends, family and neighbors. Then he is also allowed to Aniseed Rakinot missing, which, when lengthened with water, gets its familiar milky-cloudy color.

Turkish cuisine is also known for its sweet tooth. It is not for nothing that honey is a common ingredient in a wide variety of dishes. Candied fruits, puff pastry soaked in syrup, nuts and dried fruits can be found in popular desserts.

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Classic Turkish dishes


Menemen is a very popular breakfast in Turkey. It is comparable to a farmer's breakfast and consists of eggs, peppers, tomatoes, sucuk and onions as well as spices.


Sigara böreği

These cigar-shaped dough rolls made from yufka dough are filled with minced meat and sheep cheese or spinach.



Köfte are Turkish meatballs, which are regionally different in shape and seasoning. The best-known variant consists of minced meat, bread and onions and is seasoned with hot paprika, pepper and cumin.



The soft, filled dough boats come in numerous variations, for example with minced meat and egg, goat cheese, lamb, sucuk or spinach.


Şiş Kebap

One of the most famous kebab varieties, consisting of marinated lamb, paprika and tomato, typically served with bulgur or rice and flatbread.



Dishes similar to pasta are also not unusual in Turkey. Mantı are small filled dumplings that are poured with a yogurt sauce, melted butter and chilli flakes (Pul Biber).


Kuru Fasulye

Kuru Fasulye is a bean stew and Turkish national dish. For this, white beans are boiled with tomato paste, paprika paste, onions and spices and then served with rice.



Lokum are a popular sweet in cube form, consisting of sugar and starch, peppered with nuts, dried fruits or chocolate and in different flavors.



Güllaç is a dessert that is particularly popular in the fasting month of Ramadan because it is easy to digest. Thin leaves of corn starch are soaked in boiled milk mixed with sugar and rose water and then filled with chopped walnuts, dried fruits or other ingredients.



The classic among Turkish desserts is a pastry made of puff pastry, which is soaked in syrup and usually topped with pistachios, almonds or walnuts.

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