What is a serf in the Middle Ages
everywhere story 2, textbook
I can: Servants and serfs in the Middle Ages At the beginning of the Middle Ages, farmers lived and worked as free farmers. But they had to go to war for their king or sovereign. There were more and more wars, and so the farmers could not work in their fields. In order to buy themselves free from military service, many farmers voluntarily surrendered their land to aristocratic landowners. This took over the military service. They took care of the protection of the peasants, who thus became "slaves" of their landlords. These could freely dispose of their servants. They were judges over the farmers, could punish them severely and oblige them to do additional work, for example to build castles, paths or bridges. When peasants owe too much to their landlord, they became completely dependent. They became "serfs". Although they were not legally slaves, they were treated similarly. They worked in various professions for the landlord and could even be sold. They were not allowed to determine their own lives. The landlord even decided whether they could marry. Their children were born serfs. In the course of the Middle Ages and modern times, more and more peasants fell into serfdom. They were badly treated and exploited by the nobles. In Austria serfdom was not finally abolished until 1848. Subservient: means a semi-free peasant who is subservient to a landlord A servant has no real estate, but is allowed to own personal things. Landlords: monasteries, principal dioceses, high and low nobility, ecclesiastical monasteries, cities of serfs: in contrast to the serfs, they are completely dependent on the landlord. He is not allowed to make his own, free decisions; comparable to a slave Read the following text carefully. Summarize how the farmers are described here. Peasants are reminiscent of stockfish: They are best when they are softly beaten […]. Peasants are indeed people / but a little rougher and coarser than the others. […] The flail belongs in the hand of a farmer / […] and a pitchfork on the door. Everyone knows their ugly customs / both when speaking and when making gestures […]. Source: Veroandro from Wahrburg, The nine-skinned and haimbuchenen bad peasant class [...] Lasterprob, pp. 119, 168. (1684?) Discusses what the author of the text wanted to achieve with it. ... think about the meaning of bondage. Lexicon Tasks 3. 4. The situation of serfs in a historical source, illumination around 1300. Exploitation and human rights 61 For testing purposes only - property of the publisher öbv
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