Why are most gynecologists women

Gynecology: General gynecology

The medical specialty of gynecology - also called gynecology - deals with Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female sexual and reproductive organs - i.e. the Uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries - and the female breast in non-pregnant women. This must be distinguished from obstetrics, which women care for during pregnancy and during childbirth.

Gynecological diseases and gynecological diseases

Gynecological diseases or gynecological diseases are all those diseases that cause the female sexual and reproductive organs affect. The most common gynecological diseases and women's complaints include abdominal diseases such as endometriosis or fibroids, menopausal symptoms, hormonal and menstrual disorders, and menstrual problems such as menstrual pain or premenstrual syndrome.

Inflammatory diseases of the female genital organs are also common symptoms in women. These include, for example, inflammation of the ovaries, uterine inflammation, vaginal inflammation (colpitis) and breast inflammation (mastitis).


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Bladder discomfort such as urinary incontinence and sagging of the uterus or vagina are also common clinical pictures in women, but are usually treated in the context of urogynecology. In addition, are also Tumor diseases of the female genital organs such as breast cancer and uterine cancer are common gynecological diseases. The treatment of these malignant diseases is usually carried out in the context of gynecological oncology.

Diagnostics and prevention in gynecology

The diagnostic range of services Gynecology includes ultrasound examinations of the female sexual and reproductive organs, the determination of hormone levels and mammography. To the Precautionary measures in gynecology, for example, the HPV vaccination is part of the prevention of cervical cancer.

As part of the Obstetrics other pregnancy tests, preventive pregnancy examinations and prenatal diagnosis (prenatal diagnosis) are carried out.

Treatments in the field of gynecology

The range of treatments in gynecology and obstetrics includes both surgical and conservative therapy methods. Frequent operative interventions in gynecology, for example, the removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) and the removal of ovarian cysts. In obstetrics, for example, a caesarean section can be performed. To the conservative treatment methods include hormone therapy. Measures for the treatment of couples with unwanted childlessness, on the other hand, belong to the treatment spectrum of reproductive medicine.

On the following pages we have detailed information on the most important gynecological diseases and typical women's diseases with descriptions of the respective symptoms as well as diagnosis and treatment options. In addition, you will find information on the various preventive and diagnostic methods as well as therapeutic procedures and surgical methods that are included in the Gynecology and obstetrics can be used.