What is research methodology

University of Erfurt

A method is a systematic and targeted process, procedure. It is a decisive path or the execution / realization of a mentally anticipated (anticipated) sequence of actions based on planning and target achievement.

In the context of scientific work, methods are investigation procedures, i.e. activities to develop research results. Research methods are applied in a planned, targeted and systematic manner and explored and developed in the same way.

The research methods are essential for scientific work. They are what makes a certain kind of human activity scientific, scientific. "The M [method] is a characteristic of the scientific process, and thus - pars pro toto [the part stands for the whole] - as a characteristic of the sciences themselves. As part of logic (in the broader sense), a methodology ( Methodology), which forms the most important part of the philosophy of science. " (1)

(1) Lorenz, Kuno: method, in: Mittelstraß, Jürgen (Ed.): Encyclopedia Philosophy and Philosophy of Science. Vol. 2, H - O, Stuttgart, Metzler, 1995, pp. 876 - 879, there p. 876

By focusing on the research methodological approach, scientific work can be described not only as a special way of thinking, but even as a special attitude to the world, which is characterized by the striving to scientifically penetrate selected parts of the world.