Can drink military personnel by the age of 18
The chronology - Chernobyl and the effects on Switzerland
April 29, 1986: The alarm organization with the monitoring center (today the National Alarm Center) becomes active and then reinforced by military personnel. The risk of radiation is estimated to be low. This is the first emergency operation since it was founded in autumn 1984.
From April 30, 1986: Increased radiation protection values are measured in different parts of the country.
May 3, 1986: The Commission for the Monitoring of Radioactivity publishes precautionary measures. Among other things, pregnant women should not drink fresh milk, fresh vegetables should be washed.
May 25, 1986: Only in southern Ticino are higher radiation levels measured. Most of the precautionary recommendations will be repealed.
June 15, 1986: The National Council deals with 20 urgent interpellations on Chernobyl.
June 21, 1986: Over 20,000 people take part in the anti-nuclear demonstration in Gösgen.
June 27, 1986: The Association of Swiss Vegetable Producers is demanding 10 million Swiss francs in damages from the federal government for outages in connection with Chernobyl. Only after years of litigation before the Federal Supreme Court did the federal government have to pay 8.7 million francs at the end of 1990.
September 3, 1986: A fishing ban has been issued for Lake Lugano due to increased radiation levels. The ban was not lifted until July 1988.
September 12, 1986: The Federal Council puts the ordinance on the concentration of radionuclides in food into force.
October 1986: Special session of the federal councils on Chernobyl. The Federal Council commissions the preparation of an energy article and a report on exit scenarios.
1988: In the face of growing resistance in the population, the nuclear power plant projects in Graben (BE) and Kaiseraugst (AG) are buried by the federal government.
September 23, 1990: In the federal vote, the energy article and the moratorium initiative for a ten-year nuclear power plant freeze are accepted. The nuclear phase-out initiative, however, is rejected.
March 22, 1991: The federal councils pass the radiation protection law drawn up on the basis of the Chernobyl experience. It comes into force on October 1, 1994.
November 20, 1997: At an international conference in New York, Switzerland agreed to provide 6.4 million Swiss francs for the renovation of the protective shell of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
October 22, 1998: The Federal Council is fundamentally in favor of an “orderly withdrawal from nuclear energy”. The running nuclear power plants should be shut down after an operating period to be determined.
2000: The end of the ten-year nuclear power plant moratorium and the entry into force of the CO2 Act bring about a turning point in the nuclear debate. Proponents of nuclear power see nuclear energy as a clean alternative to fossil fuels.
May 18, 2003: The nuclear initiatives “Electricity without atom” (for an exit from nuclear power) and “Moratorium Plus” (for another ten-year nuclear power plant moratorium) are clearly rejected.
February 1, 2005: The revised Nuclear Energy Act - an indirect alternative to the initiatives rejected in 2003 - comes into force. It keeps the nuclear power option open and subjects new nuclear power plants to an optional referendum.
March 11, 2011: An earthquake with a tsunami in Japan destroys the Fukushima nuclear power plant, causing extensive radiation. From now on, this event dominates the nuclear power plant debate in Switzerland. The Chernobyl meltdown is now in the background.
May 25, 2011: As part of the Energy Strategy 2050, the Federal Council is in favor of a longer-term nuclear phase-out. The existing nuclear power plants are to be shut down “at the end of their safety-related operating life” and not replaced. In September, Parliament approved the exit plans in principle.
September 4, 2013: In a first package of measures for the attention of Parliament, the Federal Council specifies how it intends to achieve the gradual phase-out of nuclear energy.
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