Are Air Force pilots better drivers

The Hohmann case

The many facets of anti-Semitism

The speech by the Bundestag member Martin Hohmann has once again triggered a heated discussion about anti-Semitism. Few keywords in Germany provoke such intense disputes as "anti-Semitism". The accusation is quickly raised in this country - often rightly, sometimes prematurely - that someone is an anti-Semite or at least expresses themselves anti-Semitic. The FDP politician Jürgen Möllemann, who died in early summer, the American philosopher Ted Honderich, the writer Martin Walser and - the most recent case - the CDU parliamentarian Martin Hohmann. Sibylle Hoffmann



The long nights of the strategists

The mediation committee

Seldom before has the mediation committee been as important as it was this autumn. The ten legislative packages that are now being negotiated must be decided by the end of the year - including the early tax reform and the still outstanding Hartz laws. The public does not notice much of the drama behind closed doors. By Ilka and Jörg Münchenberg



From Florence to Paris:

The second European social forum

The call for a European day of action against the looming war in Iraq on February 15, which ultimately became a global day of protest in which several million people took part, made the extent of the anti-globalizationists and the effectiveness of their movement clear. Gerhard Klas



Everything in there that is written on it

Genetically modified food must be labeled

Everything has changed since the weekend. At least for consumers and those responsible in agriculture and the food industry. Since then, foods that have even come into contact with genetic engineering have to be clearly labeled. This is what the EU food ministers have decided. Peter Kolakowski



The struggle for Indian identity

From the power of the Hindu nationalists

More than 50 years after the end of British colonial rule, India is one of the emerging economic nations in Asia. And looking for a new self-confidence. One topic prevails in the social debates: the question of Indian identity. The discussion is being pushed by the most influential organization in India, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, or RSS for short. This "National Volunteer Corps" is a strictly hierarchical organization of Hindu nationalists and the cadre forge of the ruling BJP party. The goal: the establishment of a pure Hindu nation. Friederike Schulz



The Koizumi factor

Japan before the general election

Rare tension in Japan: the general election on Sunday will take place at an important time. Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi is facing the people's vote for the first time after two and a half years of controversial reform policy. At the same time, the largest opposition party in a long time has another chance to form the strongest faction in parliament - and perhaps for the second time since the war to win the post of head of government. From Martin Fritz



The struggle for power

The price of oil, Russia and OPEC

Especially in the election campaigns before the parliamentary elections in December and the presidential election in March, the hustle and bustle of a Khodorkovsky was probably too much for President Putin. But he presented the attack-like arrest of the most important oil industrialist with influence on a third of Russian oil production as an act of a constitutional state. Michael Braun / Brigitte Scholtes



A practical test for Europe

10 plus: Cyprus on this side and on the other side of the barriers

Lefka, a village of 3,000 souls in northwest Cyprus, the part of the island occupied by the Turks. 200, maybe 300 people have gathered in the barren cinema to hear Mustafa Akinci. He is the chairman and lead candidate of the Movement for Peace and Democracy. An amalgamation of three social democratically oriented parties who want to break the power of Rauf Denktash, the power of the autocratic ethnic group leader and stubborn supporter of the partition of Cyprus. Jochen Spengler



Nobody is ready to give in

The simmering conflict in the Ivory Coast Republic

A year ago rebellion broke out in Ivory Coast. The former rebels, now called "Forces nouvelles", control the north with the second largest city, Bouaké. The government troops of President Gbagbo, the so-called "loyalists", the south, where the economic metropolis Abidjan is located. French and West African troops are supposed to maintain the peace in a buffer zone. Martina Zimmermann



How willing are the unions to reform?

Tariff policy put to the test

In the unions, fear is spreading that the federal government will come to terms with the union parties in opening the collective bargaining agreements so that they do not block red-green reform projects in the Bundesrat. But other reform projects of the federal government could also bring far-reaching changes Hermann Gilbhard



"Islam or the Flood":

Religious fundamentalism in Morocco and Tunisia

Because all Casablanca bomb bombers came from the slums, they are being razed to the ground all over Morocco. Terrorism in Morocco? Many Moroccans are still in disbelief that the violence has also reached the kingdom. For decades, people believed they were immune to any kind of religious extremism. Marc Thörner



Struggle to maintain power

Georgia before the parliamentary elections

The overpowering President Eduard Shevardnadze has been at the helm of Georgia for eleven years. He appoints ministers and governors. His relatives and minions control the country's economic resources. Parliament, on the other hand, is weak and its reputation is worse than ever. Numerous draft laws were left behind. Many Georgians are puzzled about the elections. Gesine Dornblüth



Do we need a missile protection shield?

A Euro-Atlantic debate about military risks and technological developments

It has been twenty years since then US President Ronald Reagan launched his Strategic Defense Initiative. As the “Star Wars” program, his vision of an impenetrable protective screen against approaching missiles came into use. Today US President George Bush is promoting a program that is nicknamed "son of star wars". In Europe, too, people are beginning to deal with the subject. Jerry Summers



Citizens and Encounters

Town twinning as an instrument of foreign policy

Town twinning has become part of the inventory of international relations. Citizens and official representatives of the municipalities travel back and forth between municipalities with which they are contractually connected without causing a stir, but with a high degree of consistency. You get to know and appreciate each other and exchange experiences: fire brigade meets fire brigade, footballers measure strength and skill. Matthias Dohmen

Between animal protection and export subsidies

The animal transport business in Europe

According to information from animal welfare associations, around 360 million live animals are carted across the European continent every year, many of them suffering endless tortures. Indifference, ignorance and the pursuit of profit let the protection of animals fall by the wayside. Now EU Consumer Protection Commissioner David Byrne wants to fundamentally change the EU directive that has been in force since 1997, which regulates the transport of live animals. Ursula Wissemann



"How real is reality?

Conspiracy theories and their influence on politics "

Conspiracy theorists kept to themselves until recently. On September 11, 2001 that changed. In Germany, in Europe, and even in the world, conspiracy theories are currently enjoying great popularity. But what exactly are conspiracy theories? How do they come about? And do they really have an impact on world events? Peter Haischer and Christina Janssen



High tech for a humane war

The development of "non-lethal" weapons

"Non lethal weapons" are the names of the latest products from the military development laboratory. Some of them work mechanically or acoustically, others chemically or biologically. They are supposed to incapacitate rioting demonstrators or opposing soldiers. Others are said to paralyze enemy vehicles or planes. They take out the enemy in many ways. Daniel Blum



Colombia at a crossroads

Colombia between social catastrophe and hope for peace

Blast attacks, package bombs, a massacre that killed eight members of a family - Colombia is not coming to rest in the days leading up to the local elections on Sunday. The Colombians will vote in a referendum on the reform course of the Uribe government. The president has declared war on corruption and wants to rehabilitate the state finances. Decades of guerrilla warfare have brought Colombia to the brink of ruin. Something has to be done. And President Uribe seems determined to turn his words into action. Colombia



World sheriffs in army gray?

Security policy strategies behind the Bundeswehr missions abroad

The Bundestag wants to send 450 additional German soldiers to Kunduz in northern Afghanistan. The parliamentarians only dealt with the mission for a week. Bundeswehr missions far from home are normal. The company's own history, formerly a commitment to military abstinence, is now being reinterpreted as a reason for international engagement. Matthias Rumpf and Christian Thiele



Harmonization in a roundabout way

European influences in the German health care system

It was a historic event when the Maastricht Treaties on the European Union came into force ten years ago. Since then, all economic relations of the confederation are supposed to grow closer together. According to the Maastricht treaties, however, cooperation between European states is less close in another important area: in social policy, and there in particular in the health systems. Nikolaus Bastel



Current history: 125 years after the Socialist Law:

Does the SPD dispose of its history?

When August Bebel, chairman of the still young and rather insignificant SPD, took up the battle cry of the French Revolution, he became an enemy of the state for Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. The climax of this enmity with men was finally on October 21, 1878, 125 years ago, the Socialist Law, which came into force on that day. Renate Faerber-Husemann



"Last seen in East Prussia ..."

50 years of the Red Cross tracing service

50 years ago - on October 18, 1953 - the tracing service of the German Red Cross submitted an interim report on the status of the search for German prisoners of war. Eight years after the end of the war, 1,272,896 soldiers were still missing. That means that millions of parents, wives, children, siblings, friends were hoping for news - or feared the news of the death of those wanted. by Renate Faerber-Husemann



Almost an island of the blessed?

Switzerland in the 2003 election year

In the elections to both chambers of the Swiss Parliament, participation has been falling continuously for 50 years, in 1999 it was just 43.3 percent. There are many reasons for this. One of them is likely to be in the Swiss political system itself. The elections are not significant for the political or thematic debate, but the referendums are important. Joachim Schubert-Ankenbauer



Between a social mission and tough business

Youth welfare in Germany

The list of possible youth welfare measures is long: home accommodation, family help, therapeutic living, assisted living, day groups, individual therapy, educational support ... But whether the individual measures “prescribed” by the youth welfare office are useful, whether the financial expense is worthwhile, can be determined do not say clearly. Nikolas Westerhoff



Health systems in Europe

Efficient and cheap in Spain

The public health system is sacred to the Spaniards. Although Prime Minister José María Aznar continues to preach a more market economy, even in his almost two legislative terms he has privatized many of the large former state-owned companies - he has not yet dared to work on the health system. The privatization of state hospitals feared before he took office in 1996, a two-tier system with private benefit catalogs for the rich and basic care for the poor - none of that happened. And despite some bottlenecks, the satisfaction of the Spaniards is quite justified. Hans-Günter Kellner



Timid steps to freedom

The situation of women in Afghanistan

Much has changed in Afghanistan with the end of the Taliban government. But as long as the security situation is not stable across the country, the situation for women will remain difficult. The fundamentalists dominate the Afghan transitional government. No wonder, then, that the Ministry of Women is leading a marginalized existence. Basically, it cannot do more than develop development aid for women. Sabine Voss



Everything Aliyev

Azerbaijan before the presidential elections

On October 15, Azerbaijanis will elect a president. In the run-up, hymns of praise for the presidential candidate Ilham Aliyev will be heard everywhere. And he's not just any candidate. He is the son of the incumbent, seriously ill President Heydar Aliyev. Eight opposition candidates face him. But what are the chances? Gesine Dornblüth



The hard bread of reform policy

The SPD between improvements and the overthrow of Chancellor

und Chancellor Schröder had demanded a majority of the red-green government in the reform project and linked his political fate to it. Because of the narrow majority in the government, no more than four members of the governing coalition are allowed to vote no. Chancellor Schröder sees the ability to govern at risk from the critics in his own ranks. By Frank Capellan and Karl-Heinz Gehm



No place for children

Is family policy becoming a victim of austerity?

Federal Family Minister Renate Schmidt can get impatient, especially when she realizes that reality is still miles away from her political wishes. There is still a lack of childcare facilities for the youngest. Burkhard Wetekam



In the middle of Europe

Lithuania - the interface of cultures

Sunday morning, it is shortly before eleven. Mass ends in the church in the small village of Sirvintos, about fifty kilometers from the capital, Vilnius. The pastor speaks the blessing. The believers stand and sing the initial song. Marc-Christoph Wagner