Which nations use autonomous submarines as weapons?

WarfareFully automatic Killer Robots: UN states can yourself Not some

Use fully autonomous weapon systems in war zones: What can a use of "killer robots" look like? The UN states have been talking about this for five years, and the next round of discussions will begin on November 13th. However, nothing is said about a ban.

What should global warfare look like in the future? The UN states are talking again in Geneva about the use of so-called "killer robots". What is meant are autonomous weapon systems such as armed drones, self-propelled tanks and unmanned submarines that are equipped with artificial intelligence (AI) and decide for themselves when to attack targets - without a human being's command.

With the help of AI, the autonomous weapon systems collect a lot of data and analyze it. They should learn to differentiate between attacking people and civilians.

"The autonomous weapons do not need human support."
Dietrich Karl Mäurer, ARD correspondent in Zurich

Military experts point out that the killer robots are more precise due to the AI ​​and can act free of emotions such as hatred and feelings of revenge. In some countries they are already being used in parts. In South Korea, for example, autonomous weapons systems guard the border with North Korea.

In addition, experts suspect that the USA, Russia and China are increasingly working on developing autonomous weapon systems. It is therefore unlikely that they will speak out in favor of a ban or ban on killer robots in the future, says ARD correspondent Dietrich Karl Mäurer.

UN conference: It's not about a ban, it's about guidelines

The discussion in Geneva therefore continues - as in the past five years. Specifically, it should be about setting guidelines for dealing with killer robots. In the past, for example, the nations agreed that the responsibility for the use of autonomous weapon systems clearly rests with people. A framework with recommendations is to be drawn up by 2021.

Critics call for a clear ban, not guidelines

Critics are calling for a complete ban on killer robots. An association of international NGOs, including Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, has launched the "Campaign to Stop Killer Robots" campaign to ban autonomous weapon systems. In the course of the campaign, 30 countries have spoken out in favor of a strict ban: Austria, Brazil, Argentina, Pakistan and Uganda, among others.

In the summer of 2019, the Federal Foreign Office called for a "worldwide ban on fully autonomous systems". The UN commissioner for disarmament, Izumi Nakamitsu, also warns that people could lose control of this technological innovation.