What makes electrical engineering a good industry
Career prospects for electrical engineers
Nowadays, progress is progressing faster and faster. Electrical engineers develop technical devices and processes and thus shape our future with a growing standard of living. In addition, the energy transition and the networking of machines, systems and production processes in the context of Industry 4.0 ensure a high demand for qualified specialists. Against this background, the future prospects for electrical engineers look extremely promising.
Fields of employment for electrical engineers
A particularly wide variety of jobs opens up for electrical engineers. Because depending on the major, the areas of application and industries can be very different. In addition, the job is very interdisciplinary and offers a variety of options for interdisciplinary collaboration, from medicine to space travel. In research and development, electrical engineers can even combine their specialist knowledge with their creativity.
Electrical engineering is particularly innovative in sectors such as vehicle technology, medical technology or energy technology. Here, for example, electrical engineers develop complex control devices that are essential for every modern car today. Electric motors are not only part of the latest fuel-free cars, but can also be found everywhere in everyday life - toothbrushes, escalators and conveyor belts simply make life more pleasant.
Information technology in the electrical industry
Information technology is a sub-area of electrical engineering and thus offers around a third of all job vacancies. Even companies that are not actually part of the IT industry, such as B. automotive companies need electrical engineers for precisely this IT segment. Electronics and software therefore account for half of the manufacturing costs in the manufacture of vehicles. The automotive industry is therefore not only looking for pure IT specialists for their development, but also electrical and information technology engineers.
Embedded systems are small computers that monitor or control everyday devices such as cell phones, washing machines or medical technology devices. In cars, for example, they can be found as driver assistants that take on tasks such as distance and parking control. In addition, data transmission with smartphones is another domain of information technology within the electronics industry.
Innovation location Germany
The electrical industry is developing rapidly and is highly innovative. The highest potential for innovation lies with the excellently trained electrical engineers themselves, because the high level of training in Germany ensures that electrical engineers can apply their specialist knowledge particularly efficiently. The greatest potential is ascribed to energy efficiency, smart grids and electromobility.
Career prospects for electrical engineers
In Germany, 188,000 engineers are currently employed in the electrical industry - and the trend is rising. The frontrunners in terms of employment figures are automation, electronic components and energy technology. 94% of the companies are small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with fewer than 500 employees.
An electrical engineer can expect an average starting salary of € 48,500. In addition, a doctorate can make up another 25% more salary. After just two years of work, the average annual gross salary increases to € 64,700. In addition, the income can be very different depending on the state and industry. Accordingly, electrical engineers earn the most in Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and North Rhine-Westphalia. The automotive and mechanical engineering sectors are the top sectors for a high income.
As in most industries, the salary increases with length of service and many years of professional experience. Electrical engineers who want to climb the career ladder the classic way should, however, aim for a position with managerial responsibility. As a result, engineers in the electrical industry can earn an average of € 70,000 gross per year as project managers or team leaders. As a department head, salaries of up to € 91,000 and as a division manager even over € 110,000 per year are possible.
In addition to the opportunities for advancement through personal responsibility, the so-called “expert career” is becoming more and more common, especially in the electrical industry. The aim here is to enable well-trained electrical engineers to move up and earn a higher income without taking on personnel responsibility. The strength of electrical engineers who choose a career as an expert lies primarily in the technical field. Without personnel responsibility, many administrative tasks are omitted, so that the electrical engineer can devote himself fully to the further development of electrical engineering products and processes.
Very good job opportunities are forecast for electrical engineers - regardless of the industry. At the moment, more electrical engineers are retiring than skilled workers are moving up. Due to the demographic change, the VDE (Association of Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies) predicts that this existing gap will grow steadily until 2020 and that future electrical engineers will have very good future prospects as a result.
Success factors for electrical engineers
- Enthusiasm for handling electronic devices
- Technical understanding
- Joy in lifelong learning
- Expertise and interdisciplinary knowledge
- Enjoying problem solving
Areas of responsibility for electrical engineers
- Automation technology
- Energy Technology
- High voltage technology
- Communication technology
- Microsystem technology
- Communications engineering
- Consumer electronics
- Industries for electrical engineers
- Automotive industry
- chemical industry
- Electrical industry
- Energy industry
- Research institutions
- Engineering and design offices
- food industry
- Aerospace Industry
- Mechanical and plant engineering
- Medical and microsystem technology
- Public service
- Software company
- Traffic engineering and control
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