Is the English language more important than the computer

Explanation of important terms

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

@
This symbol, often called “Klammeraffe” in German, is a symbol for the English word “at” and can be found in every email address. "At" translates as "at". In an email address, the @ sign separates the user name from the server address at which the participant has his account, i.e. his user account. Accordingly, the e-mail address [email protected] means that the user “mustermann” can be reached by e-mail at the server address “mustermail.de”.

Account
“Account” is the English word for “account”. In Internet slang, an “account” is understood to be the authorization to access certain services and areas of the Internet. Even if you log in to surf the after-work website, i.e. log in, you must identify yourself with the user name and password of your account.

ActiveX
"ActiveX" is a technique developed in 1996 that enables a large number of different elements to be incorporated into the design of websites. With the integration of sound effects, videos, animations, scrolling texts, etc. via the “ActiveX” program, Internet pages become more colorful, visually more varied and more interesting.

ASCII
"ASCII" is the short form for "American Standard Code for Information Interchange". Translated, this means "American standard code for the exchange of information". "ASCII" is a character set that forms the basis of many information transfers over the Internet. Due to its standardization, its simple structure, the "ASCII" character set can be understood by every type of computer without any problems.

Attachment
"Attachment" is the English word for "attachment". Whenever another file is sent in addition to the actual message in an e-mail, this appendix is ​​referred to as an "attachment". All file types that are attached to a mail, for example, text files as well as images, sound files, animations or entire programs, are called “attachments”.


banner
"Banner" is the English word for "flag" or "flag". When one speaks of a “banner” in relation to the Internet, one means an advertising space integrated into a website. The "banner" is intended to encourage visitors to the website to click on the "banner" and thus continue surfing on the advertiser's website.

bit
The term “bit” is made up of the terms “binary” and “digit”. A "bit" is the smallest storage unit in electronic data processing. Eight “bits” result in a byte, i.e. the next larger arithmetic unit and calculation basis for units of size such as kilobytes, megabytes or gigabytes.

Browser
A “browser” or also “web browser” or “internet browser” is a program that makes it possible to view and move around data on the World Wide Web. The word “browser” comes from the English verb “to browse”, which means “to browse” or “to browse”. And that is exactly what describes the tasks and functions of a "browser": it ensures that you can read the data on the countless Internet pages and easily scroll back and forth between the individual pages on offer. Well-known "browsers" are, for example, "Internet Explorer", "Mozilla Firefox or" Google Chrome ".

Button
“Button” translates as “button” and, in relation to the Internet, means a button that can be clicked with the left mouse button in order to trigger a certain action.

byte
“Byte” is a unit of measurement or arithmetic unit that is used to measure data volumes or to specify storage capacities. Larger units are kilobytes, megabytes or gigabytes.


Chat
The term "chat" comes from the English verb "to chat", which can be translated as "chat". A "chat" is an online conversation between two or more people in a network or on the Internet. You do not have a verbal conversation with the person you are talking to, but enter your contributions to the discussion using the keyboard. You will also find several chat rooms on the after-work website, in which you can exchange ideas with other after-work members.

Client
“Client” means “customer” and “server” means “servant”. A “client” refers to programs that request certain services from a “server”. For example, your e-mail program is also known as an e-mail client. The e-mail client connects to the "mail server", which provides the e-mail services, and retrieves your e-mails there.

Connection
The English word "Connect" or "Connection" simply means "connection". So when you dial into the Internet with the modem, you establish a "connection".

Cookie
"Cookie" means "biscuit", but it is a small text file that is transferred to the hard drive of the computer user when certain Internet pages are called up. Information is stored in a "cookie" which the operator of the website can use to identify the visitor when they visit again. On the one hand, this has the advantage that certain personal settings and profiles relating to this website do not have to be re-entered.

Crash
If you experience a "crash", then you experience a "crash" of your computer. “Crash” means that due to the lack of interaction between different computer programs, different hardware components or simply because of an operating error, no actions are possible. The computer no longer responds to commands and must be restarted.


default
"Default" refers to the basic or standard settings of software programs. “Default” translates as “omission” or “omission”, which at first glance seems to have little to do with the meaning of the word “default” in computer language. But there is this connection: if you fail or neglect to make your own personal settings in a program, the standard or default settings take effect.

EDI
"DFÜ" is the abbreviation for "remote data transmission". What is meant is the transmission of data between two computers that are spatially separated from each other. Special dial-up devices, such as the modem, are addressed by the computer. The modem receives the input data from the computer and converts it so that the dial-up device at the other end of the line can process the data. Conversely, the modem receives the data from the dial-up partner at the other end of the line and translates it for the home PC. Communication between different computers is made possible via the dial-up network.

domain
A domain is a group of computers that can be addressed on the Internet using the same name, the "domain name". The address www.feierabend.com, for example, is the domain name via which you can access the website of Feierabend AG.

Dot
“Dot” means “point” and dots are used as a separator between the individual parts of Internet addresses. The address of the after-work website, www.feierabend.com, contains two such “dots”. So when someone mentions the Internet address “www dot Feierabend dot com”, they mean the address of Feierabend AG.

Download
The term “download” describes the “downloading” of files from another computer or server to your own computer. The opposite of a “download” is the “upload”. In this process, you transfer data from your PC to another computer.


E-card
An e-card is an electronic version of the conventional postcard. On numerous websites you can put together such cards free of charge from ready-made elements, often with funny extras such as music or animated graphics, and give them a personal touch with a dedication, a greeting or something similar. The e-card is then either sent directly to the recipient by e-mail, or the recipient receives an e-mail with an Internet address at which the postcard is stored for him.

E-commerce
The "E" in "E-Commerce" stands for "electronic". “E-Commerce” is electronic commerce, that is, doing business on the Internet. More and more companies are now also offering goods over the Internet. Orders are then placed from the home desk at the click of a mouse and payment is made by invoice or credit card. You can also find a shopping area on the after-work websites where you can shop online.

e-mail
An “e-mail” is an “electronic mail”, ie “electronic mail”. Texts, images, documents, animations, almost any form of electronic data can be sent via e-mail over the Internet within seconds. Each e-mail participant receives a unique e-mail address, for example the address [email protected] The messages to this subscriber are usually saved on a mail server and downloaded from there to your own computer with the help of an e-mail program. Here you can read in peace, answer messages and also send them back to other e-mail users via the mail server.

Emoticon
The term “emoticon” is made up of the English words “emotion” (feeling) and “icon” (image, symbol). “Emoticon” can best be translated as “emotional symbol”. “Emoticons” are pictorial symbols made up of a few characters which, especially in chat and e-mails, convey information about the author's emotional state in addition to the text. The sign :-) symbolizes, for example, joy, the sign :-( sadness or unhappiness, the sign: -o astonishment.


FAQ
"FAQ" is the abbreviation for "Frequently Asked Questions" and means "frequently asked questions". An "FAQ" is a text file on a website in which frequently asked questions regarding the content of the website are answered and problems are clarified. If anything is unclear, it is always worth checking whether there is an "FAQ page" that might be able to help.

Flat rate
A “flat rate” is a flat rate for surfing the Internet. In contrast to tariffs in which the time you spend on the Internet is measured and billed to the second via the telephone bill, with a "flat rate" you pay a flat rate and can then surf the net for as long as you want at no additional cost .

Freemail
“Free” always means on the Internet that certain services are available free of charge. “Freemail providers” are companies where you can get permanent e-mail addresses free of charge.

Freeware
“Freeware” is software that is distributed free of charge. "Freeware programs" can be legally copied, reproduced or offered for download to other PC users. Nevertheless, “freeware” is protected by copyright. The author of such a program has full copyright on his work. Program changes or modifications may not be made to "freeware programs".

FTP
“FTP” is the abbreviation for “File Transfer Protocol”. Translated, this is called "data transfer protocol". This protocol regulates the data exchange between different computers in a network or over the Internet. Special computers, so-called “FTP servers” or “FTP sites”, make files available for download, which can be loaded onto the home PC using the appropriate “FTP software”. For example, e-mails are usually downloaded from an “FTP server” to the PC at home using “FTP software”.


Gateway
The term “gateway” means “transition”, “access” or “entrance” in German, which comes very close to the function of a “gateway” on the Internet. A "gateway" is a transition point between two or more networks or computers that work with different protocols. The "gateway" thus acts as an interpreter between these different networks and ensures that communication and data exchange work smoothly.

GIF
"GIF", the abbreviation for "Graphics Interchance Format", means "Grafikaustauschformat" in German. The “GIF format” enables a high level of data compression, in which graphic files saved in this format can be downscaled to a very small file size with little loss of quality. This enables graphics to be loaded, displayed and forwarded more quickly on the Internet. In the meantime, the “GIF format” has been overtaken by the even more powerful “JPEG format”.

Gigabytes
The "gigabyte", also abbreviated to "Gbyte" or "GB", is a unit of measurement for the storage capacity of data carriers such as hard drives. 1 GB corresponds to 1024 megabytes or 1,048,576 kilobytes or 1,073,741,824 bytes.

Guestbook
A “guestbook” fulfills the same function in the virtual world of the Internet as it does in real life. Many Internet pages have "guest books" in which visitors to the site can register, express their opinions and make suggestions for improving the content of the website.


hit
A “hit” is a way of counting the number of hits on a certain website, comparable to the number of readers in newspapers or the audience rating on television. The more "hits" a website has, the more it is frequented by users.

Hoax
A "hoax" is a fake virus warning that is sent by e-mail and often spreads like an avalanche on the Internet. The authors of “hoax mails” often warn of computer viruses that do not actually exist, stating a reputable company name, and ask that these mails be forwarded to as many other e-mail users as possible. The only effect of such bad jokes is the annoyance of PC users and the senseless use of network capacity.

Homepage
Having your own “homepage”, that is, a self-designed website on which you can introduce yourself and pass on information, is, in addition to the e-mail address, almost a good form of every Internet user. You can also create your own private "homepage" using the after-work modular system. In addition to this meaning as a private "home page", the start or content pages of large company websites are also referred to as "home pages". From these "homepages" you can click with the mouse to go to the various thematically organized websites of a company.

HTML
In order for you to be able to access and read a website on the Internet with your browser, it must first be written. This is done in the document description language "HTML" or "Hypertext Markup Language" that is customary for writing websites. "HTML" is an extensive language that enables complex web pages to be created using the commands belonging to "HTML". The browser reads and recognizes the “HTML text” of a website and is able to execute the “HTML commands” and then display the website according to these instructions in your Internet browser.

HTTP
The "HTTP", the "Hypertext Transfer Protocol", is a transfer protocol that regulates the data transfer in the Internet. "HTTP" takes care of the transmission of HTML documents and ensures that all texts, graphics and images, ie the Internet pages that you want to see, appear correctly on your computer. Every Internet address begins with HTTP: // and thus indicates that the page will be loaded onto your computer using "HTTP".


IP
"IP" is the abbreviation for "Internet Protocol", and that is a basic Internet protocol that is responsible for splitting data packets during transmission, which are then put together again at the destination. The "IP protocol" is almost always mentioned together with the "TCP protocol" (Transmission Control Protocol). So the double term TCP / IP is usually used.

ISDN
"ISDN" stands for "Integrated Services Digital Network", which means something like "integrated services digital network". In contrast to the well-known analog telephone connection, ISDN works with digital signals and thus achieves higher transmission speeds and less susceptibility to interference. The quality of service when making calls or surfing is therefore significantly higher. It is best to contact Deutsche Telekom for information about current prices and the options for an ISDN connection.

ISP
"ISP" is short for "Internet Service Provider", which translates as "Internet Service Provider". An "ISP" is a provider who offers interested parties access to the Internet at different prices and with very different services. Basically, a distinction is made between providers of pure Internet services, to which you can dial in call after call, and special online services that offer their customers additional extras beyond the Internet connection. These more exclusive online services include, for example, AOL and T-Online.


Java
Java is a programming language that was first introduced in 1995. It has a wide range of applications on the Internet.


kilobyte
A byte is a unit of measurement for the amount of data and storage capacity. The kilobyte is the next largest unit. Exactly 1024 bytes together make up one kilobyte.


LAN
"LAN" is the short form for "Local Area Network", which can be translated as "local network". A "LAN" is a local network in which, for example, the PCs of a certain company are connected to one another.

Launch
“Launch” means “start”, and that is exactly what the word means in Internet slang. For example, when a new website is made available to the public for the first time on the Internet, one speaks of its “launch”. If a website was temporarily offline for maintenance and is then made accessible again, this is referred to as a “relaunch”, a “restart”.

link
The English word "Link" can be translated as "Link" or "Connection". This refers to direct connections through which you can be redirected from a website to other often thematically related pages with a click of the mouse. On numerous websites you can find entire lists of links that recommend other Internet offers. The terms “hyperlink” or “hotlink” also mean exactly this function.

Log in (login)
If you want to use certain services or offers on the Internet, you must log in and identify yourself in order to gain access to the relevant pages. To do this, you will be asked for your login data, i.e. mostly for a user name and password.


Mailbox
"Mailbox" is the English word for "mailbox". Your “mailbox” is the electronic mailbox in which your e-mails come together. All e-mails sent to your e-mail address are initially stored on a specially reserved area of ​​your Internet provider's mail server. You can then pick up your e-mails from this personal “mailbox” using a special program, for example Outlook Express, and download them to your home computer.

Mailing list
A "mailing list" is the name given to a group of people on the Internet who exchange thoughts on a specific topic via e-mail. The contributions to the discussion are always sent to all members of the "mailing list" via a so-called list server, so that all participants are always up to date. You can usually register for a certain “mailing list” by sending an email with the subject or the text “subscribe” to the address of the list server; you can also unsubscribe by email with the subject or the text “unsubscribe”.

Mail server
The "mail server" is a network computer that is used to process e-mail communication from an Internet provider. There are often different "mail servers" for incoming and outgoing messages. In addition to receiving and sending e-mails, the “mail server” also takes on the important task of correctly distributing incoming messages to the relevant e-mail accounts.

megabyte
The "megabyte", also abbreviated to "MByte" or "MB", is a unit of measurement for data volumes and storage capacities. The capacity of your computer's RAM memory is usually measured in megabytes.

Message
“Message” means “message” or “message” in German. In Internet language, the term “message” is used for any form of message, both for private e-mails and for public contributions and messages in a discussion forum.

modem
“Modem” is a made-up word that was put together from the two terms “modulator” and “demodulator”. A “modem” converts (modulates) the digital signals from a computer into analog signals and then sends them over the analog telephone line to the receiver. Its modem, in turn, receives the analog signals from the telephone line, converts them back into digital signals (demodulates them) and makes them readable for his computer. A modem translates digital into analog signals and vice versa. In the new digital communication network, the ISDN network, modems are no longer needed because translation work is no longer necessary. Instead of the modem, a special ISDN card is used for communication with an ISDN connection.

MP3
“MP3” is short for “Moving Picture Experts Group Audio Layer 3” and is an audio format in which music files are saved. Thanks to a special compression process that removes all tones in a piece of music that the human ear cannot perceive from the sound image, MP3 files can be reduced to a tenth of their original size without great loss of quality. Small MP3 files are therefore very interesting for the Internet because they can be sent or downloaded in a very short time. For many, dealing with MP3 files is considered the future of the music business.


Net
"Net", in German "Netz", is simply the short form of the word "Internet".

Network
“Network” means “network”. A “network” is a number of computers that are connected to one another by cables and share certain resources (hard drives, printers, drives, etc.). A distinction is made between local networks (LAN) and global networks (WAN).

Newsgroup
A “newsgroup” is a discussion forum on the Internet in which like-minded people exchange and discuss a specific topic. Regular reading of “Newsgroups” is a good way to stay up to date with the latest developments on a topic. You can read messages in existing "newsgroups" as well as publish your own contributions. “Newsgroups” are now available on almost every conceivable topic.

Newsletter
In contrast to the related mailing list, the recipients of a “newsletter” can only receive the articles sent by e-mail, but cannot take action themselves. "Newsletters" are information letters with which Internet service providers regularly provide interested users with information.


Offline
If your computer has no connection to a data network such as the Internet, you are currently "offline". The opposite of “offline” is “online”. In order to save connection fees to the Internet, you should get used to performing as many actions as possible, such as writing and reading e-mails in the “offline state”.

On-line
As soon as your computer dials into the Internet, you go “online”, which means you have a connection to the Internet or to an online service. The opposite of "online" is "offline".

Online shopping
More and more companies and shops are now also offering their goods over the Internet. On such websites you can view goods around the clock, order conveniently with a click of the mouse, pay by credit card or invoice and have them delivered to your home. “Online shopping”, that is, shopping over the World Wide Web, will increase considerably in the years to come. You will also find an attractive shopping area on the after-work website.


Parallel interface - parallel port
The parallel interface or the parallel port is a specific connection on the PC. The printer is usually connected to this port. In contrast to the serial interface, with the parallel interface the data is transmitted in parallel with 8 bits each.

Password
Your “password” is the most important element of your authorization to access the Internet, your mailbox or other online services, along with your user name. Passwords protect you from unauthorized access to your personal data by strangers. You should therefore never give your passwords to anyone else, if possible not write them down and change them regularly.

pin code
“PIN” is the abbreviation for “Personal Identification Number” or translated as “Personal Identification Number”. However, the term “PIN” is not only used in relation to the Internet. The PIN on your bank card, which you can use to collect money from the machine, is also a “PIN”. In online banking, for example, you also identify yourself using a “personal identification number”, which serves as a substitute for a password.

Plug-in
Often free utilities that extend the functionality of an Internet browser. Plug-ins often make games or audio live broadcasts possible.

POP3
"POP3" means "Post Office Protocol 3". "POP3" is a protocol that plays an important role, for example, for fetching e-mails. With the help of "POP3" it is possible for a computer to download saved messages and mails from a "POP3 server" to the home PC via a standard Internet connection.

portal
A "portal" is a gateway to the Internet and the first point of contact, the first website that your browser calls up when you log into the World Wide Web. A special feature of typical portal pages is the provision of numerous functions and offers, such as search functions, news services and information. Portal pages want to give the user a broad overview of the services and possibilities of a certain offer and encourage him to click further through the net from the portal page.

PPS, PPT, PPS
These are the file extensions of PowerPoint presentations.

Proxy (proxy server)
A “proxy server” is a kind of temporary storage facility for Internet pages that have already been requested. When you request a web page, the data often has to be requested from servers that are far away. That takes long loading times. If another user wants to view the same page shortly after you, the same lengthy loading process starts again. However, if your Internet service provider intervenes a “proxy server”, the following happens: the “proxy” caches the page you requested. If the second user calls up the same page shortly after you, the “proxy” switches on, checks whether he has already loaded this page and then sends it directly to the user. The long loading time from the distant server is no longer necessary. A good “proxy server” saves the surfer a lot of time.


queue
“Queue” means “waiting queue” and means in the Internet language that you are currently in a queue. For example, if several computers share a printer, the incoming print jobs are processed one after the other. The waiting documents remain in a queue for a while.


Reply
When you reply to an e-mail or newsgroup message, you send a "Reply", which means a "Reply". If you open a message in an e-mail program and want to send a reply to it, simply click on the “Reply button” in the menu bar. This saves you from having to type in the e-mail address again and in the subject line of the mail, the abbreviation “Re:” for “Reply” appears in front of the subject. In this way, the recipient of the "Reply" knows immediately that you have replied directly to their mail.

Router
A "router" is a computer that ensures that data packets are forwarded between different networks without complications. As a basis, the “router” needs a routable protocol such as TCP / IP.

RTF
"RTF" or "Rich Text Format" is a standard text format that is easily recognized by almost all common word processing programs. It is used to exchange documents over the Internet.


interface
An interface is the term used to describe the connections on the computer to which other devices - so-called peripheral devices - such as a printer, scanner or mouse are connected. Interfaces are also called “port” in English, which translates as “port”. There are different types of interfaces, for example serial interfaces, parallel interfaces or USB interfaces.

Search engine
A "search engine" is a "search engine". Search engines are one of the most frequently used services on the Internet and serve to help filter out the information that interests the user from the flood of information on the Internet. Usually you can enter one or more search terms on the website of a "search engine", which the machine then uses to comb the World Wide Web. Well-known search engines are, for example, "Altavista" and "Yahoo".

Serial interface - serial port - COM port
The serial interface or the serial port is a specific connection on the PC. Sometimes serial interfaces are also referred to as COM ports. Com-Port, on the other hand, is short for “Communication Port”, meaning communication connection. Peripheral devices such as the mouse are connected to these serial interfaces. With a serial interface, in contrast to a parallel interface, the data are transmitted one after the other.

server
"Server" is the English term for "servant" and the servers also assume a serving function in the world of the Internet. A "server" is a computer in a network that provides certain services and applications. These services, for example a “mail server”, can then be called up and used by other computers, so-called “clients”, ie “customers”.

Shareware
“Shareware” is a certain type of software that the user can test for free before paying for it. “Shareware programs” can be downloaded for free from the Internet, for example, and tested free of charge for a certain period of time. If the program meets the requirements of the user, he should register and then pay for the software. So, as is often wrongly assumed, “shareware” is not free software, but rather software that can be tested extensively before deciding to buy.

slot
"Slot" is the English word for "slot" or "throw in". In computer language, this is the name given to the slots to which hardware components such as graphics cards, sound cards, etc. inside the PC are connected.

Spam (mail)
“Spam” literally means “canned meat”. However, this has nothing to do with the meaning of “spam” in Internet slang. “Spam” or “spam mail” is understood to mean any form of unsolicited advertising e-mail.

Subject
The translation of the term “Subject” is “Subject” or “Subject”. When you send an e-mail, you can give this message a short title, ie a "Subject", which indicates what the topic of this message is.

surfing
Originally, "surfing" means riding waves on the sea.Today, however, moving from one website to the next at the click of a mouse, i.e. navigating through the World Wide Web, is also referred to as “surfing”.


TAN
A "TAN" is a "transaction number" that is required for online banking in order to process an order, for example a transfer. With home banking, in addition to your PIN number, with which you identify yourself, you also need a "TAN" for each individual transaction. You can obtain a list of the “transaction numbers” available to you from your bank.

TCP / IP
"TCP / IP" is the short form for "Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol". "TCP / IP" is a protocol that different computers can use to communicate and regulate their data exchange. While the IP protocol is responsible for sending data packets, the TCP protocol reassembles the data packets correctly at the destination. Together, TCP / IP forms an important standard for communication over the Internet.

Thread
"Thread" is English and means "thread". A good article - e.g. in a forum - often results in many answers. A coherent chain of replies to a "first entry" is called a thread.

traffic
“Traffic” means “traffic” and means exactly that. “Traffic” is the name given to the amount of data that is currently being sent over the Internet, the “data highway”. The more "traffic", the longer you as the user have to wait for a certain page to be called up and displayed, because too much traffic clogs the lines and the transmission speed decreases. As with real traffic, one speaks of "traffic jam" on the Internet.


Upload
In contrast to “download”, in which you download data from a server to your computer, “upload” means the uploading of data to a server or another computer. For example, if you put your homepage online, you “upload” the relevant files to your Internet provider's server, which will provide you with storage space there.

Url
"URL" is the abbreviation for "Uniform Resource Locator". A "URL" is simply the complete address under which you can call up a certain website on the Internet. For example, the after-work homepage has the "URL".

USB
“USB” is the abbreviation for “Universal Serial Bus”. The USB interface or USB port on the computer replaces the previously common serial or parallel interfaces in newer PCs. If you could only ever connect one device, e.g. printer or mouse, to the serial or parallel inputs, the USB port allows up to 127 devices to be wired. In addition, USB offers the advantage that peripheral devices can be connected and removed again during operation. Annoying restarting of the computer is no longer necessary. The speed of data transfer is also significantly higher with USB than with serial and parallel interfaces.

User
"User" is the English word for "user" or "user". Someone who is connected to the Internet and uses the services offered there is a "user".


Visit
“Visit” means “visit” and, in relation to the Internet, is an index for the popularity of a website that is comparable to television audience ratings. "Visits" counts how often a certain page on the World Wide Web is accessed with a browser, ie how often it is visited.

VoIP
"Voice over IP", speech over the Internet. A technology in which phone calls are packaged in IP packets (see here) and transmitted over the Internet.


Webmaster
The "webmaster" is the administrator of a website who takes care of keeping the site up to date and regularly updating its offers. In addition, the webmaster can often be reached as a contact person by e-mail if a user has questions or technical problems with the site.

Web space
"Space" means "room", and "web space" is the storage space that an Internet provider makes available to its customers in order to store personal files there. For example, you need such storage capacity on a server for your homepage.

Zip
The smaller a file, the faster it can be transferred over the information superhighway. This is why programs that can compress data, so-called "zip programs", are becoming increasingly popular. “Zip programs” “pack” data into “zip files” that are as memory-intensive as possible, so compress them and can also unpack them again after the transfer. The verb “zip” is therefore a synonym for “compress”.

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