Why do people have high standards

Creation & maintenance

Biological factors:

Affected people may have a certain genetic predisposition for the development of obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Various studies have shown that relatives of people with obsessive-compulsive disorder have a 3 to 12-fold increased risk of developing obsessive-compulsive disorder as well. This genetic influence may be particularly high with obsessive-compulsive thoughts and with an early onset of the disorder. Today it is also assumed that constraints with a Overactivity in certain brain control circuits go hand in hand, so that automatic impulses for action can be inhibited worse. Also seem certain Messenger substances in the brain (so-called "neurotransmitters", especially serotonin, but also norepinephrine) are insufficient, which explains the positive effect of an accompanying drug treatment in severe obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Psychological factors:

Certain ones are decisive for the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorders Learning experiences, Life events and Personality factors. Common childhood experiences made by people with compulsions
have high expectations of performance and rigor on the part of the parents, high moral standards and a rather overprotective style of upbringing, which allowed little autonomy. Persistent personality factors can then, for example, develop perfectionism, internalized high standards, experienced high levels of responsibility, fearfulness and a high degree of adaptation to norms and values.

It is also important to pay more attention to the time when the obsessive-compulsive symptoms first appear. Did the compulsions arise for the first time in a specific stressful situation? It is not uncommon for those affected to report that the first appearance of the compulsions was at a time when they had to deal with new requirements (for example, moving out of home, starting work). For some sufferers, the compulsions exist
but also since early youth and show a chronic, often changeable course. It is crucial that in most cases no single factor alone causes the development of the obsessive-compulsive disorder, but different ones
Pieces of the mosaic of biology, childhood, personality and special life experiences at the time of the onset of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder contributed to the development of the obsession.

How are obsessive-compulsive disorder maintained?

There are several reasons why compulsion can become such a persistent companion, despite the high "cost" and suffering it causes each day. One reason is that the factors leading to the
The emergence of compulsion continue to exist. One of the keys to maintaining an OCD is one self-reinforcing vicious circle of obsessive-compulsive disorder.