What is Filipino History

The Philippines

History of the Philippines

In the period from 3,000 to 2,500 BC Austronesian tribes from Taiwan migrated southwards into the country and from there spread further south. From the 7th to the 13th centuries, parts of the Philippines came under the influence of Sri Vijaya and later Majapahit.

To this day, words from Sanskrit have been preserved in the Filipino languages. In 1917 an Indian-Malay gold statue from the Majapahit period was found in Mindanao. Even more important evidence of the cultural connection to the Malay cultural area is the Laguna copper plate, which dates from the 9th century and was written in a mixture of Sanskrit, Old Javanese, Old Malay and Old Tagalog, in a script that corresponds to the Javanese Kawi script resembles. South China traders also had a great influence in the region, as evidenced by numerous porcelain finds from the time of the Chinese Sung dynasty. Buddhism probably came to the Philippines along with Chinese traders and mingled with local traditions.

From 1380, Islam gained a foothold in the southern Philippines; various sultanates emerged, including the influential Sultanate of Jolo. Around 1500 Islam also reached Luzón. Around 1530 May Nilad (Manila) was founded as a palisade fortress at the mouth of the Pasig River in Manila Bay. Other places such as Tondo, which is mentioned in the Laguna copper plate, have been inhabited for centuries. The founders of Manila, Malay Rajas from Brunei, chose a previously uninhabited place that grew to 10,000 inhabitants until the Spanish conquest in 1571.

When Magellanes landed on the island of Homahon in 1521, he took possession of it in the name of King Philip II and named it Felipinas - the Philippines. How little he knew then about the riches of these as yet unexplored dreamlike islands. He also had no idea of ​​the spectacular sunsets and the temperate climate, which produced such a warm and friendly people who would later become known all over the world for their gracious hospitality. When the second wave of Spanish conquistadors landed to colonize and convert the country, they found well-developed settlements and islanders who had been trading with the Chinese, Arabs and other Islamic sailors for some time. The Spaniards recognized the potential of these strategically located islands and established a colonial government in Manila in 1571, from where they ruled the land and the galleon trade for almost 333 years. After various revolutions, the Philippines were able to declare their independence on June 12, 1898.

country and people

The Philippines are located in South-East Asia, north of the equator and 160 km south of Taiwan. The land area is 299,404 square kilometers. The Philippines has a total of 7,107 islands of which around 2,000 are inhabited.
The Philippines can be divided into three larger island groups: Luzon in the north, Mindanao in the south and the Visayas in the middle. More than 2,500 islands are not recorded by name. Around 90 percent of the population belong to a Christian denomination, and more than 80 percent of all Filipinos are Catholic. The mixture of the deep religiosity of the Spaniards with the original animism of the Filipinos is evident today in the passionate religious festivals. The democratic form of government and the preference for the English language can be traced back to the years under American rule.

languages

Tagalog is the national language that is mainly spoken in Manila and the northern part of the country. Cebuano is widespread on the central Philippine Islands (Visayas) and Mindanao. In total, more than 100 different dialects resp. Languages ​​counted. English, which is widely used in business, is easy to communicate in the country.

climate

The climate is tropical. A distinction is made between the rainy season (July to November), the cool dry season (December to February) and the hot dry season (March to June). The temperatures are around 25 to 40 degrees Celsius. The average humidity level is 77%.

time shift

UTC (Universal Time Conversion) / Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) +8 hours
Central European Time (CET) +7 hours; during European summer time +6 hours

Power supply

220 volts, 60 hertz is the common standard. Occasionally you still come across 110 volts.

Currency, money exchange and credit cards

The official name for the Philippine currency unit is Piso; customary in the country, however, everyone speaks of pesos, which can be divided into 100 centavos. The best rate for changing euros, dollars, Swiss francs, etc. is available in so-called official exchange offices. US traveler checks are also accepted, but at a slightly lower rate. In many places, standard credit cards such as Mastercard, Visa, American Express are also accepted. Withdrawing cash using credit cards is also not a problem in the big cities; however against the usual commission of 3 to 5%.

health

Before traveling, you should take precautionary measures in good time so that the vacation becomes the vacation you envision. A properly equipped first-aid kit (at least medication for diarrhea, fever, pain, as well as bandages, plasters, wound disinfection) and knowledge of first aid are definitely recommended. Vaccinations against relevant diseases in the holiday destination, for example vaccinations against typhoid, hepatitis A or hepatitis B, must be clarified with a specialist. Not to be forgotten are the vaccinations against tetanus, diphtheria and polio.

malaria

Year-round, different risk in the individual parts of the country
Medium risk: in rural areas below 600 m in the following regions / islands: East of Luzon, parts of Mindanao, Palawan, Samar, Sulu Archipelago, Mindoro Occidental
Small risk: in the other parts of the country or islands as well as at altitudes above 600 m
Malaria Free: are the urban areas and the islands of Bohol, Catanduanes and Cebu

Entry requirements

Visitors with a valid passport that is valid for at least 6 months from the date of entry can enter the country without a visa and stay in the country for 30 days, provided that they have a valid ticket for the return or travel. Have onward flight. A 59 day visa is available in the country (Immigration Office) or in the embassies for a fee (approx. 40 euros). Visas and entry permits can be obtained at any Philippine embassy or consulate.

Trade in endangered species

Prioritize life. Avoid buying any animal species such as giant clams. According to Philippine law, they are subject to a strict export ban and you also avoid inconveniences when entering your home country.