Why did the Vikings invade other countries

Viking storm: "The smell of blood and entrails hung in the air"

“That year - 793 - dire omens appeared over Northumbria and terrified the people. They consisted of strong whirlwinds and lightning, and fire-breathing kites could be seen flying through the air. These omens were followed by a great famine and a little later that same year, on June 8th, the raids of the Gentiles of God devastated the church in Lindisfarne through looting and murder. "

This is how the author of the "Anglo-Saxon Chronicle" described the horror that befell his world in 793. Brutal men with horrific weapons raided the famous monastery in the northern Kingdom of England. And it shouldn't stay that way. In the following years Jarrow, Monkwearmouth, Rechru, St. Patrick and St. Columban were hit, soon afterwards it was the turn of the Frankish Empire and a little later Cádiz and Seville were sacked. Finally, in 862, huge Russia submitted to foreign warriors.

Contemporaries initially referred to them according to the element from which they used to appear out of nowhere: sailors or naval warriors. Only over time did the term “Viking” become established, after the Old Norse “víkingr”, which probably describes a pirate or warrior. For more than 250 years, until the conquest of England by William of Normandy in 1066, they were to leave their mark on the history of Europe.

How they did that is what ZDFinfo wants with its six-part documentary series “The Vikings - Facts and Legends