Which bird lives in other bird nests

Which bird builds which nest? Ground breeders, free breeders, cave breeders & nesting boxes

Which birds prefer which nesting sites? Which nesting places are there in your own garden and how can you create additional nesting opportunities? We would like to answer these questions for you in our information article.

Different bird species sometimes have very different demands on their nesting sites. But which bird builds which nest? Some prefer lofty heights in the crowns of trees, some prefer to stay close to the ground and still others have made structures such as building or wall niches their own. However, there is one important requirement that all nesting sites must meet: they must be safe from predators and other dangers. Whether hidden in dense vegetation or protective caves - the nest is and remains a nursery and its location must therefore be carefully considered. Here you can find out which bird species prefer which nesting place and how you can create a home for all kinds of garden birds in your own garden.


Nesting place types and their inhabitants

Birds can classically be divided into three different nest types. Cave breeder For example, they breed in tree hollows or building niches and usually only build a sparse nest of soft materials such as feathers, moss or animal hair on their bottom. The blue tit, the nuthatch or the great spotted woodpecker belong to the classic cave breeders. As Free brooders on the other hand, birds are called that build a free-standing nest from twigs and other plant fibers in trees, hedges or bushes. These include, for example, the blackbird, the robin or the chaffinch. Ground breederLike the partridge, skylark or lapwing, they also build free-standing nests, but breed directly on the ground - for example in meadows or fields.

Last but not least, there is also a native bird that completely refrains from building its own nest. The cuckoo has learned to lay its eggs in strange nests and so saves the efforts of brood care.

Overview: Different nest types

  • Cave breeder: blue tit, nuthatch, great spotted woodpecker
  • Free brooders: blackbird, robin, chaffinch
  • Ground-breeder: partridge, skylark, lapwing

Note:Not every bird builds a nest every season. Often it is only mated birds that build a breeding ground together. Unmated animals or young animals that are not yet sexually mature usually do not build a nest. In some species that live in social groups, however, such unpaired birds help their relatives to raise their young.

Bird nesting places in the garden

There can be good nesting opportunities for native wild birds in your own garden. This applies mainly to free breeders who settle in the dense vegetation of trees, hedges and bushes, and cave breeders who use knotholes or old woodpecker holes in trees or building and wall niches on houses or barns. Ground-nesters, on the other hand, are rarely guests in gardens, as they prefer large meadows or fields and often do not feel safe due to the large number of domestic cats in settlement areas.

Nest boxes and other nesting aids

If old trees and niche buildings are missing, excellent nesting aids in the form of nesting boxes can be created for cave breeders. It should be noted that different cave breeders prefer entry holes of different sizes. So if you want to install several nesting boxes at the same time, it makes sense to offer different sizes to support as many bird species as possible. Free haters, on the other hand, do not accept closed nest boxes. If you want to support them, you should rely on natural nesting sites. It is worthwhile to allow a trace of wildness in the garden, because wild and dense vegetation that is not thinned out too much or cut back offers optimal protection for free-breeder nests.

In our special article you can find out how you can easily build a species-appropriate nest box yourself, what you should consider when designing, location and cleaning it and which nest box is suitable for which bird.

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I am particularly interested in animal garden visitors and have therefore done my master's degree with a focus on "animal ecology". I am convinced that beneficial animals are a sustainable and effective alternative to many conventional products. I am also a passionate hobby ornithologist and seldom go for a walk without my binoculars.
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