What is public diplomacy

Diplomacy and International Politics

Handbook of International Relations pp 1-14 | Cite as

  • Andreas Wilhelm
Living reference work entry
First Online:
Part of the Springer NachschlageWissen book series (SRS)

Summary

The development of the international order is closely linked to the history of diplomacy to the present day. Diplomacy, as an institutionalized communication and negotiation system, represents a relevant field of action, both for the big questions of war and peace, as well as for numerous problem areas in international politics. Today, functions and forms of diplomacy range from traditional peace and crisis diplomacy to modern forms of compulsory diplomacy, summit and conference diplomacy.

keywords

Functions lines of development forms of modern diplomacy
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

literature

  1. Anderson, M.S. 1993. The rise of modern diplomacy 1450-1919. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  2. Armstrong, David. 1993. Revolution and world order: the revolutionary state in world society. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  3. Berridge, Geoff R. 1995. Diplomacy. Theory and Practice. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Berton, Peter, Hiroshi Kimura, and William I. Zartman, eds. 1999. International negotiation: Actors, structure / process, values. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  5. Bertram, Christoph, and Friedrich Däuble, eds. 2002. Who does the Foreign Service serve? Experiences from politics, economy, society. Opladen: Leske + Budrich.Google Scholar
  6. Brandt, Enrico, and Buck, Christian, eds. 2002. Foreign Office. Diplomacy as a profession, Opladen: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften (reprint 2014) .Google Scholar
  7. Callières, Francois de. 1716. De la manière de negocier avec les Souverains. Paris.Google Scholar
  8. Callières, Francois de. 1929. On the manner of negotiating with princes. Boston.Google Scholar
  9. Cohen, Raymond. 1987. Theater of power: The art of diplomatic signaling. London: Longman.Google Scholar
  10. Cohen, Raymond. 1999. Reflections on the new global diplomacy: statecraft 2500 BC to 2000 AD. In Innovation in diplomatic practice, Ed. Jan Melissen, 9-18. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  11. Cohen, Raymond, and Raymond Westbrook. 2000. Amarna diplomacy: The beginnings of international relations. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Craig, Gordon A. 2001. War, Politics and Diplomacy. Vienna: Houghtin Mifflin.Google Scholar
  13. Dicke, Klaus, and Manuel Fröhlich, eds. 2005. Ways of multilateral diplomacy. Politics, options for action and decision-making structures in the UN system. Baden-Baden: Nomos.Google Scholar
  14. Dunn, David H., ed. 1996. Diplomacy at the highest level: The evolution of international summitry. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  15. George, Alexander L. 1991. Forceful persuasion: Coercive diplomacy as an alternative to war. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.Google Scholar
  16. George, Alexander L., and William E. Simons. Ed. 1994. The limits of coercive diplomacy. Boulder: Westview Press, Google Scholar
  17. Gstöhl, Sieglinde. 2005. Summits and Theories of International Politics. Political Science Journal 15 (2): 395-418. Google Scholar
  18. Habeeb, William Mark. 1988. Power and tactics in international negotiation: How weak nations bargain with strong nations. Baltimore: See Publications.Google Scholar
  19. Hamilton, Keith, and Richard Langhorne. 1995. The practice of diplomacy: Its evolution, theory and administration. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. Hill, Christopher. 2003. The changing politics of foreign policy. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  21. Holsti, Kalevi J. 2004. Diplomacy. In Taming the sovereigns: Institutional change in international politics, Ed. Kalevi J. Holsti, 178-211. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Iklé, Fred C. 1964. How nations negotiate. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
  23. Ipsen, Knut. 1999. International law. A study book, 4th edition Munich: C.H. Beck.Google Scholar
  24. Jönsson, Christer, and Karin Aggestam. 1999. Trends in diplomatic signaling. In Innovation in diplomatic practice, Ed. Jan Melissen, 151–170. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  25. Merchant, Johan. 1996. Conference diplomacy: An introductory analysis. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  26. Krell, Gert. 2003. World views and world order. Introduction to International Relations Theory. Baden-Baden: Nomos.Google Scholar
  27. Leigh-Phippard, Helen. 1999. The influence of informal groups in multilateral diplomacy. In Innovation in diplomatic practice, Ed. Jan Melissen, 186–212. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  28. Melissen, Jan, ed. 1999. Innovation in diplomatic practice. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  29. Neumann, Iver B. 2005. To be a diplomat. International Studies Perspective 6: 72-93. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Neumann, Iver B. 2008. The body of the diplomat. European Journal of International Relations 14 (4): 671-695. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Putnam, Robert D. 1988. Diplomacy and domestic politics: The logic of two-level games. International Organization 42 (3): 427-460. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Riordan, Shaun. 2003. The new diplomacy. Cambridge: Polity Press, Blackwell Publishers Inc. Google Scholar
  33. Rittberger, Volker. 1994. International organizations. Politics and history. Opladen: Leske + Budrich.Google Scholar
  34. Schmid, Günther. 1986. Diplomacy as a form of making decisions about foreign policy, Ed. Gottfried-Karl Kindermann. In Basic elements of world politics, 127-140. Munich: Piper.Google Scholar
  35. Staack, Michael. 2000. Germany as a trading country. Foreign Policy in a New International System. Paderborn: Schningh. Google Scholar
  36. Varwick, Johannes. 2005. Diplomacy. In Concise dictionary of international politics, Ed. Wichard Woyke, 9th ed., 62–68. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.Google Scholar
  37. Watson, Adam. 1982. Diplomacy: The dialogue between states. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  38. White, Bryan. 2001. Diplomacy. In The globalization of world politics: An introduction to international relations, Eds. John Baylis and Steve Smith, 317-330. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Zartman, William I., Ed. 1994. International multilateral negotiations: Approaches to the management of complexity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  40. Zartman, William I., and Jeffrey Z. Rubin. 2000. Power and negotiation. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany