How viable is fire as a weapon
1939-1945 Second World War
The authoritarian system that had existed in Austria since 1934 was unable to preserve the independence of the state, so that the Anschluss was completed when the German troops marched in on March 12, 1938. For the time being, there had been no radical changes in the community. The Second World War, which soon broke out, quickly changed everyday life. Numerous Ennsdorfer were called to arms, food and other essential products were rationed.
Due to the heavy air raid on the Nibelungenwerk St. Valentin on August 20, 1944, there was a direct confrontation in the municipality with the horrors of war. At the southern entrance to Ennsdorf, ground damage was caused by bombs. A fire bomb that hit the center of the village was rendered harmless by the rapid intervention of some firefighters. In March 1945 the municipality of Ennsdorf became a combat zone. On March 28, former German infantry units (approx. 800 men) took up positions in Ennsdorf.
The motorway should provide the necessary supplies. The state of construction of the bridge remained roughly the same from 1942 to 1954.
On May 5, 1945, these troops were replaced by SS units. May 7th-3pm officers of the Waffen-SS and the American troops met in the middle of the federal road bridge for negotiations. This negotiation was broken off after just 10 minutes. From 7 p.m. onwards, American grenade launchers took Ennsdorf under direct fire. The aim of the grenade launcher fire, which lasted until midnight, was to destroy the positions of the Waffen-SS and radio and observation stations.
After a short break in fire, American units tried to advance over the Enns Bridge to Ennsdorf. The strong machine gun fire of the Waffen SS forced the American troops to retreat. Heavy mortar fire from the American side then started, which lasted until around 2 a.m. The Waffen-SS units withdrew to the nearby edge of the forest east of Ennsdorf. At around 4 a.m. Ennsdorf was taken by the American units.
Two days after the American occupation, on May 10th, the soldiers of the Soviet Union arrived; they took over the village from the American occupation unit.
During the Second World War, 31 Ennsdorfer fell and 18 are missing.
Source 100 Years Ennsdorf Brochure Friedrich Plank
9 days after the acclaimed entry of Hitler's German troops, the following is noted in the log book: Heil Hitler, on March 21st In 1938 Georg Kamptner was appointed as the municipal administrator of Ennsdorf b Enns according to Z L.A. II / 1-3341 / 3-XXII -1938. Furthermore, 3 assessors were appointed.
Then it was over on the Ennsbrücke. General Walker and General Dimitrov at the photo op on the bridge.
The viability of the church was always called into question. All communal facilities such as school, church and cemetery were in Enns. So they wanted to take advantage of the overthrow and in order to finally be incorporated into Enns, a letter was sent to the Fuehrer's presidential office.
At that time the entire judicial district of the Hague wanted to go to "Upper Danube" because it wanted to participate in the economic upswing in the Linz-Steyr region (Linz, the Führer’s favorite city). An intervention by the mayor of Enns in 1940 shows that this request was massively rejected by the rulers. They feared reprisals from the Lower Danube and only dealt with them confidentially.
The municipal council (appointed by the district leader) only met again on March 31, 1939. There were hardly any items on the agenda and apparently they were still hoping for a connection to Enns.
One tried rather to reduce the tasks of the community. On March 22nd, 1940 the own sanitary community was closed and united with St.Valentin. After the death of the local group leader Anton Deschauer, the local organization of the NSDAP was dissolved and Windpassinger was transferred to St.Pantaleon and Ennsdorfer to St.Valentin.
From 1941 onwards, proper minutes were again kept and plans were made for the future again. They wanted to build a community hall, founded a public library, applied for a gendarmerie post and considered building a water pipe because of a water shortage in 1943.
Kindergartens were set up for the children for the time of harvest, 200 RM were spent on equipping the Hitler Youth Home in the Gasthof Singer (Stöckler), and RM 25 for the birth of a child, and another RM 20 at the start of school.
The last recorded meeting was on September 30, 1944
Josef Kamptner was mayor appointed by the district leader during World War II.
In the last days of the war, horrific crimes were committed by SS units. The SS units believed that the execution and public display of the bodies of deserters could maintain discipline among the troops and the population.
Although Hitler was already dead in those days, Vienna had already been liberated from the Red Army and street fights were already taking place in Berlin, so the situation was hopeless for the Nazis, an SS deserter was found at the Enns Bridge with the inscription "This is how Germany lives, so lives the leader "hung up. A young soldier with proper discharge papers was shot on suspicion at the Singer inn and left lying there as a deterrent. Around 150 soldiers were killed in this or a similar way in the Enns area. . Source: Willibald Katzinger Enns under National Socialism
These victims were demanded by fanaticism, which was nourished by the Fuehrer's lie that "every hour, every day of the struggle is precious in order to manufacture the terrible weapons that will bring about a turning point".
The voluntary fire brigade has lined up in front of the "parish hall" which has been adapted to the fire brigade depot. The Nazis' swastika flag hangs on the mast. During the war, the fire brigade had to pass a number of tests.
Death marches in the last days of the war
Next to the wayside shrine, where the bank stands, was the memorial to these victims of the Third Reich.
About 200 meters before the road from Mauthausen in Ennsdorf joins Bundesstraße 1, there was a memorial on the property of the former mayor of Ennsdorf Matthias Pölzl. The inscription on this memorial indicated that 5 unknown German soldiers and 33 unknown Israelites had their final resting place here. Some time ago, at the request of a burial commission, the bodies were reburied and the memorial removed.
Ms. Maria Plöderl, who looked after this memorial, reported that 33 concentration camp people collapsed on the way from Mauthausen to Ennsdorf and were shot on the spot. Most of them had been buried in place. After the collapse of the Hitler Reich they were exhumed and buried in a mass grave behind the memorial.
The dead were victims of what went down in history as death marches, the foot marches of concentration camp prisoners and Hungarian Jews who were involved in the construction of the "Ostwall" at the end of the war. These marches mostly led from the overcrowded Mauthausen concentration camp to Gunskirchen.
Mrs. Maria Plöderl believed that these are not all who were killed on this march from Mauthausen up.
At that time some people were buried in the meadows and fields, the grass has grown over them and so it has been forgotten. “It was a terrible train these people from the concentration camps that I will never forget.
How had these poor devils been treated? ”. Source www.gedenken.org
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