What is the best fruity wine
Wine knowledge: These are the most popular types of white wine
This is why white wine is so popular in Germany
Based on the cultivated grape varieties, wine-growing areas can be divided into white wine or red wine regions. With more than fifty percent white vines, Germany, Austria and Switzerland are clearly white wine countries.
Most white grape varieties prefer cooler wine-growing regions, as less light and heat are required for ripening than for the darker red wine varieties. Accordingly, the white wine is popular with winemakers in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
For the production of white wine, the berries are pressed immediately after the grape harvest, the must is pre-clarified and then ferments in fermentation tanks. After the fermentation process, the wine is further processed. The production process for white wine is therefore less complex than for red wines.
According to statistics from GfK ConsumerScan on behalf of the German Wine Institute (DWI), the consumption of German white wine is also significantly higher than the proportion of German red or rosé wine. In general, white wine consumption has increased slightly but continuously in recent years.
White wines range in color from yellow to green to light red. And there are also some differences and variations in terms of taste and aroma, which can range from fruity to spicy to sour, depending on the type of white wine and growing area.
The most popular white wine in Germany is without question the Riesling - and has been for many years. Since this grape variety prefers northern regions in Central Europe, there are numerous growing areas in this country from the Moselle to the Main and the Rhine. Around 20 percent of the wine-growing area in this country is stocked with Riesling, which makes Germany the main growing area for wine. However, Riesling is now also grown in France, the USA and Australia.
The scent of Riesling is often fruity, depending on the growing area, with an aroma reminiscent of peaches, apples or citrus fruits. The Riesling is basically a fruity, sour wine. Due to its characteristic acidity, the Riesling is ideal for further processing into sparkling wines, Beerenauslese or sweet ice wines.
The color of the Riesling ranges from yellowish to golden yellow to yellow with light green tones.
Chardonnay is one of the most popular white wine varieties worldwide and was named after the municipality of the same name in Burgundy, France. The popular white wine is also known under the name Weißer Clevner or Morillon and is grown in almost every wine-growing region around the world. In Germany, the area is currently relatively small at around two percent - and the trend is rising.
In terms of taste, the Chardonnay can be classified as fruity and fresh with a mild acidity. The scent of exotic fruits, apples or gooseberries is typical of Chardonnay. The white wine is often stored in oak barrels, as the aroma goes well with the grape variety. This means that the Chardonnay can also have notes of butter, vanilla or hazelnut.
The color of the fine wine is gold-tinged.
Sauvignon Blanc is also known under the names Sauvignon Jaune, Fumé Blanc or Muskat-Silvaner. In addition to New Zealand and France, Germany and Austria are slowly but surely developing into the most popular growing areas for Sauvignon Blanc due to climatic similarities. The area for the cultivation of the white wine variety has been increasing steadily for several years and is becoming increasingly popular both among winemakers and wine drinkers. In this country, the variety is mainly grown in the Palatinate, Reinhessen and Baden.
Typical and characteristic of the variety, a Sauvignon Blanc usually smells of gooseberries and has grassy aromas. The soil and earth can be tasted clearly, exotic fruits add a second aromatic focus.
The Sauvignon Blanc is a fresh, acidic white wine that is becoming more and more popular thanks to its unique and unmistakable taste.
The color of the wine is light with a gold tinge.
Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris
The Pinot Blanc and Pinot Gris, also known as Pinot Blanc or Pinot Bianco or Pinot Grigio or Ruländer, are among the most popular wines in Europe. The Burgundy wines are grown worldwide and are mainly native to warmer and dry areas. These include the south of Burgundy, Austria, Switzerland and Italy. Burgundy wines are also planted in many German growing areas that would be too warm for Riesling.
Pinot Blanc has a delicate fragrance and a fruity aroma of autumn fruits such as apples, pears or nuts. A refreshing acidity is characteristic of the white wine. The flavors of the Pinot Gris range from autumn fruits to exotic fruits to almonds and butter.
The color of the Pinot Blanc is a pale, light yellow, while the Pinot Gris shows a strong golden yellow color.
The Müller-Thurgau is also known as Rivaner and is available as a semi-dry or dry white wine. The Rivaner was once the most popular white wine in Germany, but has been replaced by Riesling in the past twenty to thirty years. In addition, the Müller-Thurgau is cultivated on numerous European cultivation areas, but also in Japan, China, New Zealand and the USA.
The Rivaner is a light wine that is pale yellow to light yellow and may have a slight green tint. The taste is aromatic, floral and fresh with a mild acidity.
The Silvaner or Sylvaner is a relatively old Austrian grape variety that is grown in Austria, Switzerland and France, among others. Germany, with the areas of Rheinhessen and Franconia, is the main cultivation area of the variety.
The taste and aroma of the Silvaner are heavily dependent on the respective growing area and the prevailing climatic conditions. Basically, the variety is a white wine with a slightly sour note, which can have earthy and occasionally fruity aromas.
The Silvaner is a light yellow wine and available as either a Grüner Silvaner or a Blauer Silvaner.
The Kernerrebe is a cross between red Trollinger and white Riesling and was entered in the list of varieties as a new breed in 1969. Kerner wines were also known as the "White Herald". The core vine is grown in Switzerland, South Africa and South Tyrol, among others. The area of the German cultivation areas has been declining for several years.
Kerner are mostly dry white wines that have an acidic and fruity taste and are reminiscent of Riesling. Occasionally there is a slight nutmeg aroma, while fruity scents such as apple or pear predominate.
The color of the Kerner wine is a light to dark yellow.
The Bacchus or early Scheurebe is a cross between Silvaner and Riesling as well as Rivaner. The grapevine is grown in England and Switzerland, among other places. In the main cultivation area of Germany, the grape variety is mainly found in Franconia, Reinhessen, the Nahe and the Palatinate;
The early Scheurebe impresses with its fruity aroma that smells of flowers and orange. Nutmeg or caraway are other possible notes.
The Bacchus is a light yellow wine.
The Scheurebe is a cross between Riesling and bouquet grapes and one of the most successful new German breeds. The white wine growing area is spread across Rheinhessen, Pfalz, Franconia and Nahe.
Scheureben are usually offered as lovely or sweet. The aroma is fruity and reminiscent of currants or fruits such as pears or peaches. The acid is strong. In terms of taste, the Scheurebe is similar to Sauvignon Blanc and is therefore also referred to as Sauvignon Blanc's little sister.
The color of the Scheurebe ranges between light yellow and golden yellow, depending on the quality.
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