Is the renaissance true?
A new way of thinking is taking hold
At the end of the Middle Ages, the ideas of the Renaissance penetrated Central Europe. The word Renaissance comes from French and means “rebirth”. Scholars and artists took the Greek and Roman antiquity as a model in many areas: in science, architecture, painting and sculpture, literature and language. Antiquity was rediscovered or “reborn” after the people of the Middle Ages took it less seriously, hence the name Renaissance. The Renaissance became an art movement (architecture, sculpture, painting ...) and an intellectual movement (science, research, education).
As with (almost) all epoch names, the people living at this time knew the term Renaissance but not yet. This only became common in the 19th century.
The Renaissance has its origins in Italy in the 14th century, from there its ideas spread over large parts of Europe. In Austria, the renaissance extends from around 1500 to the beginning of the 17th century. The transition from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance did not take place suddenly, but gradually, as is the case with all epochs. We find signs of a new era in our country as early as the 15th century, i.e. still in the Middle Ages, for example with the astronomers Johannes von Gmunden and Georg von Peuerbach.
Following the ideas of the Renaissance, numerous scientific researches were carried out and many new methods were used: (Nature) observation and mathematical calculation became particularly important. In medicine, examinations were carried out on corpses (dissection), although this was forbidden by the church. In addition, botany (plant science) met with great interest; many aristocrats also laid out gardens and parks with exotic plants. However, astronomy (observation of the stars) was pursued particularly intensively. Researchers were finally able to confirm that not the earth - as was believed in the Middle Ages - but the sun is at the center of the universe: the geocentric worldview (earth in the center) became the heliocentric worldview (sun in the center). Building on the astronomical research, people began to go out to sea. They discovered the sea route to India and Christopher Columbus got to know America, a continent that was new to the Europeans. As a result, new goods and food came to Europe that are everyday for us today, e.g. B. Potatoes and Tomatoes.
The worldview slowly began to change. People also realized that they can determine some things themselves. The single person (the individual) and the pursuit of knowledge became the focus. This setting can be compared with the statement "Man is the measure of all things" get to the point. In contrast, the thinking of the Middle Ages lost its importance. In the Middle Ages, people believed that God gave everyone a certain way of life that one should not leave. Since the people of the Renaissance believed that everything was not in God's hands, they also increasingly doubted the ecclesiastical authorities, especially the Pope. During this time Martin Luther appeared.
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